Listen to all the latest expression, vlog, and interview episodes here!
AE 466 – Ship or Sheep? | English Pronunciation of /i:/ vs /ɪ/
I’ve just crept up on these kangaroos here and I’m about maybe 10m away from them.
Today’s video is for anyone who has ever said “shit” instead of “sheet” or “bitch” instead of “beach”.
Let’s check it out.
G’day, guys. My name is Pete and today I want to teach you the difference between the vowels /i:/ and /ɪ/.
So, every since I started teaching English I’ve had a lot of people ask me, “How do I pronounce the difference between the vowels /i:/ and /ɪ/ as in the words “sheep” and “ship”?”.
And hopefully after today’s video you’ll be talking about taking that shitty sheet to that bitch of a beach like a native speaker.
These two vowel sounds seem to be the trickiest for ESL learners to differentiate between in English, and I am yet to meet someone who speaks their native language that includes both of these vowel sounds.
So, if you speak a language where both of these vowel sounds are used, make sure you let me know below which language that is. I’m really curious.
All right, so let’s tackle why you’re having trouble with these vowel sounds, and we’ll start by looking at the IPA vowel chart.
Don’t freak out! We’re not going to get too bogged down in the details of phonetics, okay, but I need to show you this to help you understand a little bit of what’s going on.
So, in order to understand how vowels are made in the mouth we have the IPA vowel chart, guys, and that is this weird looking trapezoid shape, which is made, or it’s meant to represent the shape of the mouth, okay?
So, horizontally when you look at this chart you’ll have the front of the mouth versus the back of the mouth horizontally.
Whereas, vertically, you’re going to have the closed mouth right at the top, closed, the jaw is right up, versus the open mouth right at the bottom, okay?
So, if you were to swallow this chart it would fit in your mouth, like this image shows you, and it will show you the placement of your tongue in order to make these vowel sounds in English, okay?
And I’ll show you the corners of this vowel chart just to give you and idea.
All right, so closed and front /i/. Closed and back /u/. Open and front /a/. Open and back /ɑ/. So, that’s the basic idea, okay?
Now I want to show you, in this picture, where these two vowel sounds, /i:/ and /ɪ/ are found in the mouth, and you’ll see they’re very close together, in fact, they’re almost overlapping, they’re that close together.
So, what you’re going to have here is effectively closed front vowel sounds. So, they’re at the front of the mouth. You need that tongue right at the front of the mouth, and the mouth is somewhat closed. It’s most closed for /i:/, and it’s slightly open for /ɪ/. Okay? We’ll get into that shortly.
Anyway, so that is the reason you’re finding these vowels hard to say. They’re very close together, okay? They’re very close together.
But now let’s go over the slight differences of how to pronounce these vowels.
All right, so the vowel sound /i:/. Say it with me. /i:/. This is a closed front vowel sound. So, the mouth is closed, the tongue is close to the top of the mouth and the front of the mouth. It is a tense vowel sound so you are tensing the muscles in in your face a little more than the other vowel, which we will go over shortly, which is relaxed. But /i:/ is tense, so you’re smiling, you’re pulling the lips sideways, /i:/, the tongue is coming forward, forward in the mouth, and nearly touching the palette of the mouth, the roof of the mouth. These is about 1mm, about the thickness of this spoon, between your tongue here and the roof of your mouth. /i:/, /i:/. You should also feel the teeth on either side of your mouth above, just above, the tongue, touching it though. /i:/, /i:/.
A trick to know if you’re doing this right is that you should feel some vibration between the top of your mouth and the tongue. /i:/. You should feel it on both surfaces, okay, which you won’t feel with /ɪ/.
The /i:/ vowel sound is also a long vowel sound. It is elongated, guys. /i:/. Whereas, the other vowel /ɪ/ is very short. /ɪ/. It is not elongated. Sheep, not “shep”, sheep.
All right. So, why have I got this spoon? The trick to making sound, guys, because there is only 1mm between your tongue and the palette, you should be able to put a spoon shaped like this above your tongue and push it against the palette and still make this sound. So, watch this. /i:/, /i:/. But if I try and say /ɪ/, the other vowel sound, /ɪ/, this should drop out, /i:/, /ɪ/, /ɪ/, because now there’s more space, more than 1mm, and I can’t hold the spoon in place. So, this is a trick for seeing if you’re saying it correctly. /i:/, /ɪ/.
All right, guys, now let’s go over the vowel sound /ɪ/ as in the word “ship”. So, say it with me, /ɪ/, /ɪ/. So, this is a relaxed vowel sound so the face isn’t as tense. You don’t need to smile as intensely. You can have a looser face. /ɪ/. It’s a shorter vowel sound, so it’s not elongated. You just say a quick /ɪ/, /ɪ/, /ɪ/ sound, okay?
Although it is a closed front vowel sound as well, like /i:/, it is slightly more open, okay? So, instead of having only 1mm between your tongue and the palette, this time you’re going to have about a finger’s width, about a finger’s width, about 1cm, between your tongue and the roof of your mouth.
And so you can check this by putting your finger in your mouth instead of a spoon this time, and you should be able to still say the sound even though that finger is sitting between your tongue and the roof of your mouth. Watch this. /ɪ/, /ɪ/. And my tongue was only lightly touching my finger so there is quite a bit of space there.
All right, guys. So, hopefully, that helps. Hopefully, that gives you some tricks on how to practice this vowel sound. Remember, try and find a spoon, something very thin, that you can put in your mouth and say /i:/, and if it falls out, your mouth is too wide, you need to close your mouth a little bit more and say that sound.
Whereas, if you want to say the sound /ɪ/, you should be able to use your finger, /ɪ/, /ɪ/, /ɪ/, and still be able to make that vowel sound. Whereas, you can’t make the vowel sound /i:/ with your finger in your mouth. /i:/, /i:/. It doesn’t sound the same. You’ll notice that your tongue is pushing your finger too much to the roof of your mouth, /i:/, /i:/, and it doesn’t work.
So, now let’s go through some minimal pairs, guys, and then a couple of sentences using these minimal pairs, okay? So, listen and repeat after me, guys, and practice your pronunciation. Let’s go.
Shit – Sheet.
Bitch – Beach.
It – Eat.
Fit – Feet.
Chip – Cheap.
Itch – Each.
Sit – Seat.
Did – Deed.
He should eat it.
This chip was cheap.
This sheet is shit.
She is itching each itch.
Did he do the deed she did?
Do your feet fit in your shoes?
The kid needs to sit in his seat.
It’s a bitch getting to this beach.
Awesome job, guys. Awesome job. I hope now that it isn’t a total bitch saying words like beach and that you don’t feel shit saying words like sheet.
Before we end, I want to let you know that I have a course specifically designed to teach you Australian English pronunciation.
So, you can sign up to this for just $1 for your first 30 days. The link is in the description. And I take you through how to make all the different sounds in Australian English. All of the different vowel sounds, all of the consonants, and I give you videos, and MP3s, and exercises. I give you minimal pairs comparing similar sounding words that differ with that sound, and then I give you a whole list of tongue twisters designed specifically to help you perfect each of these sounds. Anyway, guys, give that a go if your goal is to improve your Australian English pronunciation.
Thanks for sticking with me for today’s episode. Don’t forget to subscribe, guys, and I’ll see you in the next video. Peace!
I’ve just crept up on these kangaroos here and I’m about maybe 10 m away from them and they’re all eating. I’ve been sitting here for a while now and they’ve just chilled out. Every time I talk they kind of look up and prick their ears up. It’s really cool though because they’ve got their heads down and they’re ignoring me now, and for me to be this close is really cool.
One thing that you’re going to see is that there is only one really big kangaroo in this mob and that’s the dominant male, which you’ll see in the centre right here.
Perfect your English Pronunciation in
Each course is a comprehensive
English lesson covering these areas:
AE 465 – Expression: Take It on the Chin
G’day, guys! What’s going on? Welcome to this episode of the Aussie English Podcast, the number one podcast for anyone and everyone wanting to learn Australian English. So, whether you want to learn Australian English or just English in general it’s all the same thing really, apart from maybe the odd slang term or expression, but I’ll let you know, I’ll let you know if I use some. But this is the podcast for you guys, and it is brought to you by The Aussie English Classroom. That is my online classroom with all the extra content specifically made so that you can work through it bit by bit to improve your English if you like to study and if you want to learn more, if you want to do more, if you want to partake in activities instead of just listening to the podcast, that is the place to go for you, and that is TheAussieEnglishClassroom.com and it’s just one dollar at the moment for your first 30 days so you’ve got plenty of time to give it a go.
On top of that, guys, if you want the transcripts only and the MP3 for these podcast episodes, you can go to theAussieEnglishPodcast.com and you can sign up there for a small monthly fee. It’s about a bit under five bucks in order to get access to or transcripts. Anyway, let’s get into today’s episode.
So, that intro scene at the start there was from the Rebel Films a YouTube channel. There will be a link in the transcript to their channel as well as this video. And it was a Pitjantjatjarra woman named, and I’ll see if I can do this right, Nganyinytja. Hopefully I said that right. A Pitjantjatjarra a woman named Nganyinytja from South Australia, and she was speaking about what it was like as an Australian aboriginal living in this area of South Australia in the desert before she had ever met a white man. So, many aboriginals in Australia didn’t lay eyes on, let alone meet, a white person until the mid-20th century.
So, go check that video out if you want to hear a bit of Australian Indigenous language being spoken as well as if you want to understand a bit more about what it was like being an Aboriginal in Australia before meeting white men.
Anyway guys, as usual, let’s go through an Aussie joke. So, the Aussie joke for today guys, are you ready? Are you ready? Are you buckled in? Are you prepared? The joke is:
Did you hear about that guy whose whole left side was cut off? Did you hear about that guy whose whole left side was cut off?
He’s all ‘right’ now. He’s all ‘right’ now.
Do you get it? Do you get it? So, it’s a pun here, guys. He’s all ‘right’ now. Did you hear about the left side, the left side, of this guy and how it was cut off? Now, he’s all ‘right’. So, that’s a joke there between left and right, right? Left and right. But then also, if you’re ‘all right’, especially after an accident, it means that you’re okay, you’re all right. Okay? So, I hope you get that one.
Today’s expression, guys, is ‘to take it on the chin’, ‘to take it on the chin’, and this one was suggested by Emma in the Aussie English Classroom Facebook group. We’re in their every week suggesting expressions and then we vote on them. Emma won this week’s. Well done Emma. Next week, good luck Aykhan. He keeps trying to win, but people keep beating him. So, come on Aykhan. You got this! Next week! We can do it!
So, let’s go through and define the different words in this expression first, guys. We’ll go through the definition and origin of this expression. I’ll give you a couple of examples. We’ll then go through a listen and repeat exercise. And then, I want to chat to you a little bit about Australian Aboriginal languages just so that you guys understand a little bit more about the diversity of languages in Australia.
Alright. So, definitions wise. The first one, the first word, in this expression ‘take’, ‘take’. This is one of those verbs that has many different meanings, but I’m sure you’re familiar with the word, or the verb, ‘to take’. ‘To take something’, though, in this case, ‘to take something’, ‘take it’, is to receive or accept something. To receive or accept something. You’re taking something. So, if someone tries to give me something, or maybe it’s not even being given, they’re just doing this thing to me, if I take it, I receive it, I accept it.
The word ‘it’. I’m sure you guys know ‘it’. I’m sure you know this word. It is the singular gender-neutral pronoun in English.
The word ‘on’. ‘On’ is, in this case, talking about the location of somewhere in the general surface of an area. So, in this case, it’s ‘on’ the chain. You are taking something, you’re receiving something, and then we’re using ‘on’ to talk about the surface on which you’re receiving this thing, which is a punch just so that you know. To take it on the chin. To take a punch on the chin.
The last word here, ‘a chin’. ‘A chin’ is the bottom of your face. It is under your lower lip. It is the protruding part of the face below the mouth, and it’s formed by where the two lower jaws meet in the middle.
Okay? So, those are the words.
Let’s go through the expression now, guys. So, the expression ‘take it on the chin’. I wonder if you guys have heard this and if you know how to use it. It’s got a few different meanings. The first one is a literal meaning, obviously, most expressions seem to have come from something literal originally. In this case, the literal meaning of ‘to take something on the chin’ is to receive an impact, especially a punch, obviously, on one’s chin. To receive a punch on the chin.
Figuratively, though, it is to endure hardship, difficulty, setback, defeat, especially when you do it with stoic courage or poise. Okay? So, to receive or suffer the full brunt or defeat of something, a setback, a difficulty, a hardship. And it’s that idea, I guess, of being punched in the face, when we’re talking about this literally. If you take it, if you accept it, if you don’t complain, if you get on with it, if you be strong, you be a man, you accept the challenge, you’re taking it on the chin. Okay?
So, the origin of this expression. It comes from the early 1900s. So, you know, it’s probably about 100 years old, if that. The phrase obviously comes from boxing and generally denotes a direct or significant hit most literally from an uppercut, which is where you drop your arm and it comes upwards to hit the bottom of the jaw. Okay? So, that’s where this comes from.
Let’s go through some examples now though, guys, of how I would use ‘to take it on the chin’ when I speak with people in English.
So, number one. Okay, the literal version. Imagine you’re a boxer. Okay? You’re a boxer. You like to fight. You’ve got a match against a formidable opponent who you’d like to defeat. You train incredibly hard leading up to this match in preparation. However, when the match comes around and you have to fight this guy, he just ends up being too good. His footwork is amazing. He’s quicker than you. He’s nimble. He’s got incredibly quick reflexes, which are sharper than yours. He’s out-moving you. He’s out-punching you. He’s out-boxing you. So, imagine you get hit with a jab, and then you get hit with a straight, and then finally, he gives you an uppercut square to the jaw and knocks you out. You get KOed. If you wake up, you realise you’ve been defeated, the referee picks you up, he holds up your opponent’s hand and announces that he’s the winner, and that you’re the loser, unfortunately. You hug your opponent, you congratulate him on his victory, and then you think, “How can I improve? What can I do? What did I do wrong? What can I do better next time?”. If you do all these things, you’re taking the loss on the chin. You’re taking the loss on the chin. So, you’re not being a sore loser. Despite losing, despite facing significant hardship, you’re being strong, you’re being a man, you’re accepting the loss, you want to learn from it, you’re taking it on the chin. You took it on the chin both literally and figuratively.
Example number two. This time imagine that you go to work one day and you find out that the business has tanked. Okay? So, it hit rock bottom. Maybe there’s a downturn in the economy. Maybe people just aren’t buying the services or the products from this business and the company isn’t as successful as it once was. So, as a result of the poor performance of this company your boss has to tell you that you’re being made redundant, meaning that the company can’t afford to keep you hired anymore. They have to let you go. It’s not that you’re being fired, but you’re not quitting either. But the position that you have at work is no longer available. So, you are being made redundant. If you take this on the chin, you’re being stoic. You understand it’s not their fault, it’s not your fault, it’s just how it is, and you accept things, and you stay strong, you get on with the job, you keep a positive attitude, you take it on the chin. So, someone might say if they hear about this, “Wow! You’re doing really well. You’re taking it on the chin.”.
Example number three, guys. Alright, so imagine that your mother is a gambler, so she likes to bet money, she’s addicted to gambling. So, imagine she goes every night to the pokies at a pub around the corner. She wanders off in the night after dinner, disappears, and then comes back and she’s pissed away a lot of the family’s money, a lot of the family’s hard-earned money. Eventually things go too far, your mother takes it too far and your father finds out what’s happened and realises that the family’s money is all gone, and it’s him and the children who have to take it on the chin. It’s the kids and the father, they’re the ones who now have to suffer as the result of the mother’s gambling, they have to endure this hardship, they have to take it on the chin, they have to be strong, they have to get on with things, they have to deal with this bad situation, they have to take it on the chin. If the family turned to the mother and told her off, you know, reprimanded her, and she got her act together and tried to fix things, she stopped gambling, she’s accepted it was her fault and that she needs to make amends, now she’s taking it on the chin. When your mum admitted she’d done something wrong, she really took it on the chin. Okay?
So, hopefully now you guys understand the expression ‘to take it on the chin’, ‘to take something on the chin’. Remember, literally, it means to take an impact especially a punch on one’s chin.
But figuratively, it is to endure a hardship, some difficulty in life, a setback, a defeat, and especially, when you face this with stoic courage and poise. Okay?
So, now let’s go through a little listen and repeat exercise, guys. This is your chance to practice your Australian pronunciation or just your English pronunciation in general. Remember, listen and repeat after me, guys. Let’s go.
To take it
To take it on
To take it on the
To take it on the chin x 5
Good job, guys. Now, ‘take’. ‘Take’ isn’t a regular verb. “I took it on the chin”, “I’ve taken it on the chin”. Okay? So, it has two different past participles, “took” and “taken”. So, in this exercise now, I want you to practice the Present Perfect “have taken it on the chin”, okay, and we’ll go through the different pronouns. Let’s go.
I’ve taken it on the chin
You’ve taken it on the chin
She’s taken it on the chin
He’s taken it on the chin
We’ve taken it on the chin
They’ve taken it on the chin
It’s taken it on the chin
Great work, guys. Now remember, if you would like to go more in depth with all the connected speech and the pronunciation, the secret tips and tricks, for what I’m doing here as a native speaker when I pronounce these phrases, remember you can sign up to the Aussie English Classroom. You will not only get access to this episode and the breakdown of the pronunciation in this exercise, but you will get all the previous episodes as well, and I’m currently working on a pronunciation course in the Aussie English Classroom. So, it’s full of videos. I’m about to upload, and exercise’s, MP3s for all the different sounds in English, as well as the minimal pairs, and it’s specifically for people who want to improve their Australian accent. So, get in there and give it a go. TheAussieEnglishClassroom.com.
All right, guys, let’s go through the Aussie Fact and we will finish up.
So, Australian Aboriginal languages. There was once estimated to be between 290-363 languages belonging to 28 language families and isolates spoken by Australian Aboriginals on the mainland and nearby islands of Australia. So, relationships between these languages still aren’t very well clearly understood and much is still yet to be learnt about these languages. But one thing that does blow my mind every time I learn about these indigenous languages was just how much diversity there was in these languages. So, 28 language families. 28! That’s astonishing. And if we consider, say, the language family that English is from, to put that in context and make you realise how diverse language families can be, the Indo-European languages in the Indo-European language family go from languages like Hindi, Russian, English, Gaelic in Ireland. All of these languages are still part of the same family. Whereas, different families would be languages like Arabic, that’s a different family from English, or Chinese, that’s in a different language family as well. So, 28 of these language families are in Australia for indigenous languages.
By the end of the 18th century, there were only 250 or so languages and varieties remaining. So, we lost quite a lot in the first hundred years of colonisation. And then at the start of the 21st century, there were fewer than 150 languages still used on a daily basis. So, potentially less than half the original diversity of languages in Australia is still being used on a daily basis.
The majority of Australian Aboriginal language diversity is found in northern Australia centred around Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory and the Kimberley region in Western Australia. So, that is where, I believe, 27 of the 28 language families are found in that small area in northern Australia. The remainder of Australia, the vast majority of the Australian continent, is just one language family, the Pama-Nyungan language family. And crazily enough, this family includes 300 languages, as many as 300 languages.
The majority of Australian languages are now highly endangered and only 13 or so are being transmitted to children being taught to children. Of the five least endangered Western Australian Aboriginal languages, four belong to the Ngaanyatjarra grouping of the Central and Great Victoria Desert.
So, that’s a little bit of an introduction to the state of languages in Australia, the indigenous languages, guys. I definitely recommend checking out that video from the start if you would like to learn a bit more about indigenous languages, how they sound. Definitely get on Google and have a look, and learn a bit more if it interests you.
Anyway, thanks so much for joining me today, guys. I hope you enjoy this episode and I will chat to you soon. Enjoy your weekend, guys. See ya!
Learn Australian English even faster in
Each course is a comprehensive
English lesson covering these areas:
Watch this episode here!
AE 461: How to Pronounce the Australian ‘O’
Alright, so we’re almost at the end of the field here where there’re trees
and I just don’t want to make too much noise, ’cause I know that I’ll probably scare them.
What’s going on, guys? I thought we could do a vlog today, ’cause I’ve had quite a few questions regarding the Australian ‘O’ sound.
So, let’s go and do a ‘vlog’. Let’s just go.
Alright, so I am going to find a nice shaded spot to sit down in and do this lesson.
This looks perfect. Look at that! That was made to be sat on! That was definitely made to be sat on. So, I’ll set up and let’s do this. Boom!
So, how’s this, guys! A bit of Australian pronunciation in the bush, or at least as close as I can get currently in the Australian bush.
So, you’re probably going to hear things like crows singing in the background, and maybe currawongs, you’ll hear birds, all sorts of stuff.
But, this is the office for the day and I wanted to tell you how to do the ‘O’ sound in Australian English.
Okay. The ‘O’ sound. So, the Australian ‘O’. There are two things happening here. This is a diphthong so there are two vowel sounds. You’re going to hear “O-o”, “O-o”. Okay? It’s going to go “O-o”. It sort of rounds. Okay? It goes “O-o”.
How do we make these two different sounds? First, obviously, we have the mouth a little bit more opened and the lips are rounded. Okay? Like, “O”, “O”.
And then the jaw comes up a bit and the tongue gets closer to the top of the mouth. So, it sounds like “o”. Okay? And the lips have rounded ever so slightly.
So, I always try and explain this to my students by saying there’s a bit ‘O’ at the start with your lips, ‘O’, and then it goes to a small ‘o’ by lifting the jaw, ‘O-o’ x 3.
Okay? Say that with me.
‘O-o’ x 4.
Good, good, good.
Now I’ll try a sentence for you guys, or a few sentences, that you can repeat after me in order to perfect your pronunciation. Okay?
So, let me just think here for a sec, ’cause I’m doing this on the fly, I’m doing this on the spot.
You never know when to go.
You never know when to go.
I throw toes at Beau’s nose.
I throw toes at Beau’s nose.
So, I don’t know if Beau won’t go.
So, I don’t know if Beau won’t go.
Dingoes and crows go after snowmen.
Dingoes and crows go after snowmen.
Good job, guys. So, I hope that helps. I hope it gives you a bit of an idea. Just keep listening, repeating, listening, repeating. Really try and nail this vowel sound in Australian English as it will really, really help you sound a lot more like an Australian.
And it tends to be one of the first things I notice when I hear foreigners speaking English if they get it right. It really sticks out and I’m suddenly like, oh, okay, this person’s working on their Australian accent. That’s pretty good.
So, I would love to ‘know’ what you guys think. So, ‘go’ down to the comments and let me ‘know’. Let me ‘know’.
Alright, I will see you in the next one, guys. Peace!
So, I just decided to lift up this rock here to see what we would find.
What do you guys think this little dude is? Or should I say this little lady?
This is one of Australia’s most dangerous spiders that is called the redback spider for obvious reasons.
So, we might leave her here, but yeah, this is one nasty little spider that if you see it, probably just leave it alone and definitely do not pick it up.
So, usually, there’s a whole heap of kangaroos in this field here, especially at sunset.
So, the sun is… can I get my hand in front of it? Right here-ish, and it’ll probably set in about an hour maybe a bit more.
But there is… there’s water down here, there’re trees down here, so they sit there and rest all day, and then at night or in the evening when the sun sets, they come out in this field here and eat this kind of grass.
So, that’s why I thought I would come down here, but they don’t seem to be out just yet. But, I wonder if they are lying under the trees chilling out, scratching their balls, and waiting for the sun to go down. So, let’s see if we can get a little closer and have a look.
Alright, so we’re almost at the end of the field here where there are trees and I just don’t want to make too much noise, ’cause I know that I’ll probably scare them, assuming they’re here that is.
So, you’ll be able to see here behind me, I don’t know what this is for exactly, but the wire’s pointing in, which means we shouldn’t go in, and I’m not going to go in, but obviously, it’s not trying to keep the kangaroos in, it’s trying to keep people out.
But there… I’ve seen 100s of kangaroos in here before. I’ll show you what I’m looking at.
So, if we get close, hopefully I’ll have enough time to switch lenses so that I can get a closer look for you guys as I’ve brought Kel’s camera with me, which has a much bigger lens on it.
So, a bit of a biology lesson for you guys. Kangaroos tend to stay out of the heat in the middle of the day when the sun’s out, because unlike humans they can’t sweat.
A lot of mammals, you might be surprised to know, can’t sweat in order to lose heat like humans. They have to… they have to pant to cool themselves down.
And so, one way for kangaroos to avoid overheating is obviously avoiding the daylight and instead being active in the evenings when it’s still warm but it’s not really, really, really hot. They’re not going to have direct sunlight. And a really cool thing that they do when they want to cool themselves down, if it’s a hot day, even if they’re in the shade, is that they… they lick their arms. So, they have veins on their forearms really close to the skin and they wet the skin in order to allow heat transfer to occur more rapidly. So, they cool down. So, they actually have this cool adaptation of putting saliva on their arms, wetting the fur, and then when that evaporates it cools them down.
Anyway, I don’t know where they are. They mustn’t be at this end… They mustn’t be at this end. I’ll have to keep exploring and we’ll see if we can find something interesting.
Well, it looks like they don’t want someone in here. They’ve obviously gotten some kind of machine and dug this huge ditch here across this road, right across this road, so that people can’t drive in. However, it seems that they have gotten around that by simply going around the trees here. So, there you go.
So, we know we are in the right place, because these are kangaroo paw tracks on an ant hill here. You can see these holes in the ant hill. And there is also kangaroo faeces.
So, mister kangaroo has been kind enough to crap on mister ant’s ant hill. So, at least we know they’re around here somewhere.
Alright, so I found the kangaroos. They are about… they’re about 1 kilometre this way, unfortunately. However, I did also see… I can see one from here, actually, way over here. So, I might go check that out. But yeah, bugger! (I’ll) see if I can get a shot of these for you guys. Right above my finger there way, way off in the distance.
The funny thing is too, there’s so many animals out here, right? I can see ducks, I can see coots, all of these water birds, swans, and then we’ve also got a bird of prey sitting up here watching over the creek where I am. Or the creek, the dam, whatever this is. There’s a bird of prey. I think it’s some kind of kite. Let’s see if I can get a shot of it.
So, I’ve already seen some kangaroos, guys. They’re right here in front of me. I need to probably whisper because they can see me, they’re all looking at me now actually. They’re about 100m in front of me. I’m going to try and get some good shots of them whilst they’re eating. So, let’s see how we go.
Alright, guys. So, this is about as close as you can get to kangaroos in Australia without frightening them off. Well, they just ran off a little bit, but there’s still a really, really big dude here that I’m not going to mess with, hopping around somewhere. And you can see too how quickly they disappear. There is actually probably about 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 kangaroos in front of me here, but as they bend down into the long grass you can’t see them at all. You just see these little curves. So, pretty cool. Pretty cool. Anyway, I’m going to let them eat and I’m going to head home. Night, guys!
God damn it!
I tell you what, guys, I think this comes under the heading of “No shit Sherlock!”. “Road closed”. What road?
Learn more Australian pronunciation here!
Complete all the Aussie English courses when you enroll in The Aussie English Classroom!
Each course is a comprehensive English lesson covering these areas:
AE 459 – Expression: Have Eyes Bigger Than Your Stomach
G’day, guys! What is going on? Welcome to this episode of the Aussie English Podcast.
I hope that you mob are going great. I hope you’ve had an amazing week and that it has also been an amazing weekend.
So, that intro to day was the sound of a male koala making a mating call, and it comes from a clip from Taronga Zoo on Youtube. This will be linked in the transcript. If you guys want to check out a lot of Australian wildlife, definitely go and check out Taronga Zoo in Sydney.
I remember hearing this for the first time when I was camping as a kid. I can’t remember where we were, but it was probably in the Dandenongs or somewhere on the Great Dividing Range in Victoria or New South Wales, somewhere like that, and I remember waking up in the middle of the night and hearing this bloodcurdling kind of rumble or scream, the one that you just heard, and thinking, “Oh my god! What animal is this? Is a pig? Is it some kind of, you know… is it a wolf? Is it a bear? Is it some kind of predator coming to get me?”. I was, you know, seven or eight years old. And then my dad woke up and he told me, “No, that’s a koala, mate. That is the sound a male koala makes when it’s looking for a female with whom to mate.”.
So, there you go, guys. Hopefully, that will save a few of you from being scared shitless when you guys come to Australia, go camping, and may find yourselves in the middle of the night being woken up to that sound.
Anyway guys, welcome to the Aussie English Podcast. This is the number one podcast for anyone learning Australian English or English in general. It’s designed to take you from intermediate to advanced. I speak naturally like a native speaker. I don’t slow things down, and yeah, I try to teach you vocab, expressions, all the kinds of English that I would use on a day to day basis when I speak English.
So, the Aussie English podcast, guys, is brought to you by the Aussie English Classroom. This is a website. It’s an online learning classroom where you guys get access to now dozens of online courses related to these episodes. So, you’ll learn the vocab from these episodes, you’ll get listening comprehension quizzes that you can go through to test your listening comprehension skills, and then you’ll also learn things like the more advanced vocab, the pronunciation, and intonation, connected speech, all those things out of the listen and repeat exercise, and then also expressions that I use in these episodes. So, I tend to make those into videos at the moment, each about 10 minutes. You get several of those each week in a new course. So, if your goal is to take your English to the next level, I definitely recommend signing up at TheAussieEnglishClassroom.com. It’s just one dollar for your first month. So, get in there and give it a go.
And don’t forget, too, guys, if you want the transcript and the MP3 for this episode make sure that you jump over to the website of theAussieEnglishPodcast.com and you can sign up there to get access to those every single week.
Anyway, let’s get into the content today, guys. So, this joke. Today’s joke is related to stomachs, bellies, tummies. I wanted to tie it in with the expression for today. So, the joke is:
What did the policeman say to his tummy? What did the policeman say to his tummy? I’ve got you “under a vest”.
Another good one, guys. Another good one. I’ve got you “under a vest”. So, the joke here is, obviously, with “I’ve got you “under arrest””, but policemen tend to wear things like bullet-proof vests, and the tummy, the stomach, the belly is found obviously under a vest if you’re wearing a vest. So, that’s the joke there. Police often say, “I’ve got you under arrest”, and in this case, they’re wearing a vest and their tummy is “under a vest”. The jokes just keep on killing.
So, today’s expression, guys. Today’s expression is “to have eyes bigger than your stomach”. “To have eyes bigger than your stomach”. You might also hear this is “bigger than your belly”, “bigger than your tummy”. That doesn’t really matter too much, but it’s often “to have eyes bigger than your stomach”.
Now, this one has suggested by my fiancée say in the private Facebook group for all the Aussie English Classroom members, although, Kel, to be honest, you kept suggesting expressions that I had already done and I suggested this expression that she then put forth as her suggestion, and I’m making quotation marks with my fingers, because it was really my suggestion, and this one won. So, I guess we’ll call this 50/50 Kel. We both won this one and there’s been a bit of rivalry recently where Kel keeps putting forward expressions that she wants me to do, but no one votes on them and everyone else gets their expressions in. So, anyway. If you want to be involved in that, guys, join up to the English Classroom and I’ll put you in the private Facebook group.
As usual, let’s go through the different words in this expression. We’ll define those, we’ll then go through the expression definition, a little bit about its origin, I’ll give you some examples of how to use this expression in day to day life, some situational examples, we’ll worth a little listen and repeat exercise, guys, for you to practice your pronunciation, and then I’m going to go through Aussie facts about the Koala. Okay. So, today’s Aussie fact will be about the koala.
So, let’s get into today’s definitions for this expression or the words in this expression.
Alright so, “to have”. I’m sure you guys know “to have”. To possess or to own something. I have two arms and two legs. I have a car. Okay? To possess or to own something.
“An eye”. “An eye” is one of the two organs you have in your head that allow you to see, to look at things, to watch things. They give you the sense that is vision. “An eye” or “two eyes”.
“Bigger than something”. If you are “bigger than something”, you are larger than something, you are of increased size compared to that things. So, “bigger than something”, larger than something. Smaller than something is the opposite there.
“A stomach”. “A stomach” can be a few different things, but in this sense, it is the organ inside your body that begins the digestive process, right? If you swallow some water, if you eat some food, that ends up in your stomach. Okay? The organ “the stomach”, which is the one that is being used here in the expression “to have eyes bigger than your stomach”.
However, your stomach can also be your tummy, your belly. So, that part of your body on the… I guess, on the outside, sort of on the inside, but it’s like between your hips and your ribs on your body. That’s also your stomach. Okay? You can refer to that. You know, you might go to the doctor and he might say, “Give me a look at your stomach. Pull the shirt up and I’ll have a listen to your digestion, you know, using whatever it is, that little device that they use. Show me your stomach.”.
Alright, so the expression “to have eyes bigger than your stomach”. What is the definition? What on earth does this expression mean? Have you guys heard this one before? Does it ring a bell? Have you ever heard this expression? “To have eyes bigger than your stomach” is a way, if we want to use this literally, to talk about people who put too much food on their plate that they can’t eat. Okay? So, their eyes have obviously overestimated how much food that their stomach can take, that can be put into their stomach. So, if you see something delicious on a plate and you put a lot of it on there, more than you’ll ever be able to eat, your eyes are too big for your stomach, obviously, because your eyes have assumed that they can get something incredibly large that your stomach can’t fit in it.
But it can also mean to be greedy, right? If your eyes are bigger than your stomach, you are a greedy person, you want more than you’ll ever actually consume or use.
But then, figuratively, we can use this expression, “to have eyes bigger than your stomach” to mean that you have attempted to do something, you’ve tried to carry something out, you know, a task, a course of action, something, you’ve tried to do it, but it was too much, it was too large, it was too ambitious for you to accomplish. Okay? So, “to have eyes bigger than your stomach”, you tried to do something, but it was too ambitious. You couldn’t actually complete that thing. You overestimated your ability to do that.
So, the origin of this expression. I’m not 100 percent sure where it originally came from, though, I did do a little bit of digging online, and I found that an essay from the 1600s, Montaigne’s essay “Of the Cannibals”, which was published in 1580, but translated into English in 1603, used this expression metaphorically about things other than food. And it was translated to state:
I’m afraid our eyes are bigger than our bellies and that we have more curiosity and capacity for we grasp at all but catch nothing but wind.
Does that make sense? So, I’m afraid our eyes are bigger than our bellies and that our curiosity, we have more of our curiosity than capacity, than the ability to do something. And that which we grasp at, we grasp at everything, but the only thing we actually catch, we get in our hands, is air, is wind, is nothing. Okay?
So, let’s go through three examples, guys, of how I would use the expression “to have eyes bigger than your stomach”.
So, example number one. Okay? And this is the literal example. Imagine that you have gone to a hotel, you’re staying there, you have arrived, you’ve unpacked your bags, you’ve gotten settled in the hotel room, and you’ve gone downstairs, because it’s dinner time and there is an all-you-can-eat buffet so you can… you know, you pay your fee and you can eat as much as you would like. It’s a self-serve buffet. You have to serve yourself. So, the food looks amazing, you want to try everything, you pick up a plate, you get your knife and fork, and you go along the little, I don’t know what it would be like a walkway where you can go to each dish and put a bit on your plate. You fill your plate entirely. This thing is overflowing with food. You sit down, you start eating, but you quickly realise that your eyes were bigger than your stomach, because you put way too much food on your plate then you could actually fit in your stomach. Right? Your eyes are bigger than your stomach.
Example number two. Alright, this time you are at work. Maybe you’re the manager of a team, you know, maybe you’re an engineer and you manage a team of engineers who have to build a structure like a bridge or a building or a wall or a dam, some kind of structure. If you take on a project and it turns out to be incredibly big, way bigger than you originally thought that your team could complete and successfully finish this thing on its own, it’s obvious that your eyes were bigger than your stomach. You tried to take on more than you could do. You overestimated what you could actually achieve. And so, your eyes were bigger than your stomach and in order to finish this project, you have to get outside help.
Example number three. Alright, this time imagine that you are a cage fighter, someone who fights in the UFC, the Ultimate Fighting Championship, in a sport known as Mixed Martial Arts or MMA. Okay? So, this time imagine you are Conor McGregor. Some of you guys might know of Conor McGregor from the UFC. So, I imagine you’re this guy fighting. He took on a fight a few years ago, I think, a year or two ago with a guy called Nate Diaz. This wasn’t long ago. Conor McGregor fought Nate Diaz. And in their first fight, Connor had sort of challenged this guy, but the guy was 5-10 kilos heavier. I think he was one or two weight divisions above Conor McGregor. So, Nate Diaz refused to drop the weight to get to Conor McGregor’s weight division. So, Conor just had to fight him at his natural weight if he wanted to challenge him. He didn’t really have anything to lose. Obviously, he could lose the fight, but if he won the fight, it would be a huge, you know, bragging right of his, because he would have beaten someone a lot bigger than him. However, the first fight didn’t go this way. He ended up getting choked out. So, Nate Diaz put a stranglehold on Conor McGregor, around the neck, and Connor had to tap to say, “I give up. You’ve won!”, and Nate Diaz won the fight. So, obviously, we could say here that Conor McGregor’s eyes were bigger than his stomach. He was very arrogant and thought he could achieve a lot more than he could in reality at this time. He expected to win, but he lost. His eyes were definitely much bigger than his stomach was.
So, hopefully now you understand the expression, guys. Literally, it would be to put too much food on your plate, more than you could actually eat, hence having eyes larger than your stomach. Something that was so delicious, so appealing, you took a bigger portion than you could ever finish. Okay? So, to be pretty greedy.
Figuratively, though, it’s to attempt to do something that is too much, too large, and you can’t accomplish it. Okay? To overestimate what you can achieve. It was too ambitious.
So, let’s go through the listen and repeat exercise, guys, and then we’ll go through the fact about koalas and we will finish up.
So, this this exercise is there to help you practice your pronunciation, guys. Let’s go. Listen repeat after me and practice your English accent. Alright.
To have eyes
To have eyes bigger
To have eyes bigger than
To have eyes bigger than your
To have eyes bigger than your stomach x 5
I had eyes bigger than my stomach
You had eyes bigger than your stomach
He had eyes bigger than his stomach
She had eyes bigger than her stomach
We had eyes bigger than our stomachs
They had eyes bigger than their stomachs
It had eyes bigger than its stomach
Good job, guys. Good job. I really recommend doing these exercises. One, because it will help you work on your pronunciation, which is always important. You know, it doesn’t matter how advanced you get, it’s the kind of thing that you just need to keep practicing, you know, you can’t train to run a marathon, and then never train again and be able to run a marathon any time in the future.
Also, it’s really good because it teaches you to practice grammar passively. You don’t have to focus on it, right? If I say, “I had eyes bigger than my stomach”, “you had eyes bigger than your stomach”, not only are you practicing your pronunciation, but your conjugating the verb “to have” into the past here, “I had”, and you’re also matching up different pronouns, “I” and “my”, “you” and “your”, “he” and “his”. It may seem that it’s pretty simple stuff, but it’s always good to just keep practicing this stuff so that it becomes intuitive and you don’t have to think about it.
So, guys, remember too, if you would like to go more into depth with the pronunciation here in today’s exercise as well as all the previous episodes, if you guys are really trying to nail that Australian English accent or just improve your English accent in general and you want to understand connected speech, pronunciation, intonation, rhythm, all of that sort of stuff, there will be a detailed 10-minute video for this episode and all the previous ones in the Aussie English Classroom. So, make sure that you sign up and give that a go, guys.
Anyway, let’s get into the Aussie English fact for the day. And as I mentioned earlier, this one is all about koalas. How did I think about koalas? What did koala’s have to do with the expression “to have eyes bigger than your stomach”? So, I was sitting there when I was thinking about this expression and I was like, “Okay, stomachs, Australia, Australian animals, stomachs, stomachs, ah! Koalas! They have a crazy digestive system in their stomach, right? In their stomach.”.
So, that’s how I came across this or I made this connection. I used to be a biology student at university, and when I was doing undergrad, I can remember dissecting a dead koala. So, this koala had been road kill. I think it’d… it obviously crossed a road, unfortunately, as a car or a truck was hurtling down the road and they couldn’t stop in time, killing the koala. And so, fortunately, for us, unfortunately, for the koala, the biologist who was running the class found this thing on the road and we were able to dissect it and examine its insides, which is a little morbid, a little macabre, but it is what biology students need to do to learn about these animals.
Anyway, we got to see how crazy its digestive tract was. This is the… everything from the mouth to the anus is the digestive tract. Okay? Your oesophagus, your stomach, your intestines, all the way to the anus. Everything that the food goes through.
So, anyway, I know today’s going to be biology heavy, but bear with me, it’s interesting stuff, guys.
So, koalas have a highly advanced digestive system as compared with other mammals and herbivores specifically, which is specifically adapted to detoxifying the poisonous chemicals in eucalyptus leaves. So, the toxins in these leaves from gum trees, eucalyptus leaves, they’re produced by gum trees in order to protect the trees from being eaten, obviously, by leaf-eating animals like insects, and obviously koalas.
So, these trees grow in all different kinds of places all over Australia in many different types of soils and it seems that the least fertile soils, those with the least amount of nutrients for the trees to use to grow, tend to be the most toxic. Okay? Which makes sense. You know, this is possibly one reason why koalas eat certain types of eucalypts and they live in certain areas with more nutrient-rich soils. Because obviously if you’re a tree trying to grow in very nutrient-poor soil, you don’t really want to be eaten. At least you can’t afford to regrow your leaves as often.
So, the koala’s diet is based 100 percent on these leaves. And koalas are one of only three mammals known to only survive on a diet solely based on eucalyptus leaves. And the other two mammals are also Australian, and they are the Great Glider, a type of marsupial that glides between trees, and the Ringtail Possum, which many of you may see if you are in cities like Melbourne and Sydney. These are those very small possums with the prehensile tail. The tail that curls up.
So, if other animals try and eat these leaves, whether they’re a cow, or a horse, a person, or a dog, best-case scenario is that they will get incredibly sick, and the worst-case scenario is that they would die. So, this is why you never see eucalyptus leaves on the menu in any Australian restaurants, guys.
This is the reason as well why Koalas have developed such a specialised digestive system for consuming their toxic food and absorbing as much nutrients as possible from this food. So, koalas have a highly-adapted fibre-digesting organ called a caecum, which is huge in koalas. It’s up to two metres long. And other animals have these as well including dogs and humans and horses. However, in humans, the caecum is incredibly small and effectively useless. It is the appendix in humans, which is often removed.
The caecum contains bacteria that break down the fibre into substances and the koala can then absorb these more easily through a process called fermentation, which is where bacteria, yeasts, and other organisms use chemicals to break down substances. So, it is effectively how alcohol is produced from sugar in plant material. That is fermentation.
However, that being said, the Koala can still only get to 25 percent of the fibre it eats. So, only a quarter of the food that it eats it is actually able to get the energy from.
A koala eats between 200 and 500 grams of leaves per day, and their teeth are specially adapted to this diet having sharp front incisors to nip the leaves from the tree and molars at the back that are also kind of sharp used to shear and cut the leaves up.
Water is also absorbed through the leaves by the koala so the koala rarely has to drink unless it is in times of drought where it’s really hot and it obviously is dehydrated.
So, being able to get as much nutrients and energy out of these leaves as possible in this food is incredibly important, because eucalyptus leaves are incredibly low in nutritional value, and this is why koalas have to eat so much. And in fact, it’s also why they have such low metabolisms, meaning that they burn less calories, they can conserve more energy for longer periods of time, and it’s the reason why they sleep so long. So, these guys sleep for up to 22 hours a day in order to conserve energy and digest. And it’s the longest sleeping of any animal, even longer than a slow off from places like South America, right? They sleep for up to 15 or 18 hours a day, whereas, the koala sleeps for up to 22 and then eats for the other two.
Anyway, guys, I hope you enjoy this episode. I hope you don’t mind the biology heavy fact about the well-adapted stomach of Australia’s koala. Make sure you go out there and tell someone these awesome facts, because koalas rule! And keep an ear out next time you go camping somewhere in the forest for the koala’s mating call.
Anyway, guys, I hope you have an amazing weekend and I will chat to you in the next episode. Catch ya!
Learn Australian English even faster in
Each course is a comprehensive
English lesson covering these areas:
Learn Australian English in this vlog episode of the Aussie English Podcast where I talk about language learning habits, goals, & rewards. It’s a crucial aspect of learning any language quickly and efficiently.
Watch this episode here!
AE 458 – Vlog: Language Learning Habits, Goals, & Rewards
Try that again, the second time that I’ve done that now, where I’ve started filming and I forgot to turn the stupid microphone on. What is going on, guys? Welcome to this video of the English! I want to talk to you today about setting goals, habits, how I’m obviously going with the repetition system that I have set up, and, I guess, giving yourself rewards, ok? Anyway, don’t forget to subscribe, guys, hit the bell notification if you want to see more videos like this. Let’s get started.
Alright, so… I want to talk to you about goal setting, ok? And habit building. So, for the last few weeks, probably two weeks, I have to check, but I have been using a website Glossika. So, just so you know, this is not sponsored by Glossika, it’s just a program that I really like. So, this website is really nifty, it’s really… It’s really cool. Hopefully, you can see that there, guys. But it is a little bit laborious. It requires a bit of work. Every day when I do these repetitions, and, I guess, let me just see if I can show you what this looks like. Let me just adjust this camera for a sec. Alright. So, what you’re going to see here if I can reverse use this mouse, upside down, let’s see if I can get it… Boom! There we go! Alright! So, what’s happening here is that I have English above that I’ve muted, I don’t want to sound, and then below I have: (French audio). I have French below ok? I’ll just hit space.
So, what’s happening here is that you can set it up where you have the English playing, so you can hear at least your native language, right? So, you can have your native language here, and then, below you can hear, I guess for you guys it would be English. I have French in this example.
Anyway, so I have here, where can I see it? About 150 repetitions that I need to do and it takes about 18 minutes to complete. Every single day I’ve been doing this. It takes 18 minutes of my day give or take. And it’s just a really good exercise. I really like the repetition. I like the fact that it’s a native speaker. (French audio). “Does the film please you? Yeah, it’s really funny”. I like the fact that it’s a native speaker. You can hear his voice, you can hear the intonation, you can hear the rhythm, you can follow it, and it does well, because it gives you time to repeat the sentence. So, as you’ll hear, if I press space here, (French audio). So, firstly they’ve got (French), a question, with a bit of intonation, and then they have the answer to it, (French), and again you can hear the intonation dropping, (French).
So, it is good because it gives you natural content, it gives you someone who’s asking a question, quite often the answer to that question. I think that’s awesome! And what’s more, is that it gives you time to say it out loud. So, you get to hear in native, the content is really good and it’s natural, and you have time to listen and repeat, listen and repeat, listen and repeat. So, this is really good for pronunciation. It’s good for passively learning the patterns, to French, to English for you guys, and it’s really good too, because it’s set up as an SRS program, a Spaced Repetition System, meaning that you see the same sentences again and again and again, except that they are seen less frequently as you go through this system. So, it’s kind of like they’re little reminders so that you are reminded of sentences you learnt yesterday, that you leant a week ago, that you learnt a month ago, etc..
So, that’s a really good system. I really enjoy it. I’ve been working my pronunciation like crazy recently. Just listen repeat, listen repeat. So, that’s the first thing: I like this program. I’ve been doing it every single day and I have tried to remain consistent. I’ve missed one or two days where, for instance, I’ve driven from Canberra to Melbourne, I get here and it’s, you know, late in the evening and I’m just wrecked. So, I’ve missed days every now and then, but I usually try and do it every single day. So, consistency here is the key, guys, consistency is the key.
So, habit building. They say that you need to do something probably for, I think it’s up to two months, so about 60 days or so for it to become a habit that you do every single day. So, if you go to the gym you need to go for about two months consistently for it to become this ingrained, entrenched habit that you’re going to consistently do with very little effort required to keep you maintaining that habit.
So, for me at the moment with this kind of course I have to consistently be trying to do it every single day, put in the effort to remind myself to do it, pick a certain time of the day when I do it, and then just keep doing that every single day, and that’s slowly getting easier for me. It’s been about two weeks. I try and do it usually in the morning, though today, I haven’t done it yet.
And then, I guess, moving on to rewards. It’s important to have a reward set up so that when you finish the task you get something, so that you can feel anticipation for something that you want and that when you get the thing that you want, you didn’t get it for nothing, you worked for it, right? People appreciate something that they have to work for or that they have to pay for a lot more than if they are just given that thing for free or without having to work for it, right?
So, a perfect example for the day, and the reason that I wanted to make this video, was that today I thought it’s 12:23. You can see that on the clock there. 12:23, guys, 12:23, lunchtime. That’s the point. So, it’s lunchtime, it’s lunchtime. I want to go get some lunch. I want to go down and get some Mexican at a place called Zambrero. It’s a franchise here in Australia. I want to grab some Mexican and I thought, “Oh, yeah or I’ll just nick off down the shops, I’ll go grab it. Who cares? I’ve worked a little bit this morning.”. Then I thought, “No. I haven’t done my language learning. I haven’t practised my French. I haven’t practised my Portuguese. I don’t deserve the food yet, ok? So, I can do something for the next 20 minutes, I can work on one of these languages, and then I can reward myself by going down and grabbing some lunch.”.
So, that’s about all I really wanted to talk to you about today, guys, building habits, especially habits involving this kind of language learning. I really like the passive learning of vocabulary, of grammar. I really, really, really like the fact that you just listen and repeat, listen and repeat. I always am emphasizing this for anyone learning languages.
If you’re on your own. There’s no one here right now. Set your computer, set your phone up, get your language learning whatever it is out there and just listen, repeat, listen and repeat.
(French) So, the point is keep doing that again, again and again and work on your… (Portuguese). …and work on your pronunciation it is a never-ending task, guys. And then beyond that, build a habit, take about two months to force yourself to do it every single day until it becomes ingrained, entrenched, you’re going to do this every single day with very little effort. And then, on top of that, don’t forget to reward yourself, guys, even if it is things that you normally give yourself. Make it that you have to learn those things by studying and you’re going to feel a hell of a lot better when you get those things, especially, if it’s junk food or Mexican food.
Anyway, guys. That is it for today. I hope you have an amazing day and I would love to know down below in the comments, what is a reward that you guys give yourself for studying really hard? Is it Mexican food? Anyway, I see you in the next one. Peace!
Alright! Homework complete. It is time to go get some Mexican food. However, it is a little bit chilly outside. I tell you what, guys, that is why I am wearing this jacket, and I probably need some sunglasses as well.
I have to show you this… to show you this house, guys, here. That every time I the street, I’ll pass this house… So, it would be over 100 years old, two balconies, like, right around the house, all wood, absolutely beautiful, but very old.
More pretty houses.
This is what I am talking about. Enjoy your day.
Watch More Vlogs Here!
Complete all the Aussie English courses when you enroll in The Aussie English Classroom!
Each course is a comprehensive English lesson covering these areas:
AE 457 – WWP: Let’s Talk About Marriage in Australia, because… I Got Engaged!
What is going on, guys? Welcome to this episode of Walking with Pete. I have just left the house, walking along the streets here, trying to stay off the main road this time so that the traffic noise isn’t too loud and distracting for you, guys.
But I’m heading off to the shops for my daily walk. Time to get some coffee, time to get out of the house and stretch my legs, get a bit of exercise, as usual. I’m probably almost out of breath trying to talk and walk as fast as I do. So, maybe I should slow down.
Anyway, today I have a pretty cool message for you guys, a pretty cool announcement, as you will have probably worked out or figured out from the title. I am now engaged. I’m engaged to be married. So, yeah, Kel and I got engaged a few days ago, and it wasn’t a very romantic engagement, because I think most people, in western society, have this idea in their head that the stereotypical engagement is that man goes away, buys a ring, an engagement ring, which tends to be a ring with a very big crystal, usually a diamond, on the ring, and then surprises the lady, usually with some kind of romantic outing. You know, you go to a restaurant or maybe you go sightseeing or to some beautiful location, you know, to a lake or in the mountains, to a beach, and then the man is usually expected to surprise the woman by getting down on one knee and presenting the ring and saying the phrase, “Will you marry me?”.
Anyway. That is not what happened. It was kind of a little bit lackluster. It wasn’t very… wasn’t an amazing story, but I thought I would share it with you guys anyway, because I’m sure you’re curious and I’m sure you’re interested in… some of you re probably interested in talking about, you know, engagements or weddings, and learning that kind of vocab and those kinds of expressions. So, it’s a good excuse for a Walking with Pete episode, obviously.
Alright, so what happened? So, Kel and I… Kel and I have a really really good relationship. We’re very open. We are very honest with one another. We talk pretty much every day about our feelings, about our plans, about our roles in the relationship, you know, it’s just each of us is an open book when it comes to discussing, you know, when we’re angry, when we’re upset, when we’re sad, when we’re happy, when we want things done differently, when someone’s irritated at the other person. We tend to be able to talk about these things deeply and then thoroughly pretty quickly if they if they arrive. You know, there isn’t a lot of resentment or anger or anything like that that builds up. And so, as a result of this, we also talk about what we want in the future with each other. And so, we had made dinner, (I) think we’d cooked up some pork sausages and were eating some rice and some veggies with that, sat down at the table and because we’re both in our 30s now, Kel’s 30 and I’m 31, we need to start worrying about having children, you know, it needs to be something that’s up for discussion, because the older you get, especially obviously if you’re a woman, the older you get the harder it can be to have children. And so, you kind of need to at least have a plan, right? Like, once you get to your 30s, you’ve got about 10-15 years left, and the chances of having difficulties significantly increase as you go through those years. And so, anyway, it’s been a topic, and it was funny because originally when Kel and I got together, she had come out of a relationship with someone else and they’d never planned to have kids, and Kel was very, “I don’t want children. I’m not… I don’t think I’d be a good mother.”. All of that sort of thought patterns in her head thinking about these things, and it was funny, within about three, four, definitely after six months, she had done a 180. She’d done a U-turn. She, had completely changed her mind and was definitely interested in having kids now. Probably, because I would bring it up quite a bit and berate her a little bit and talk about it quite a lot.
Anyway so, obviously the discussion would come up and once she had decided that she was like, “Yeah, okay, I’ll have kids eventually.”. Obviously, the next question is, “Well, when?”. And because Kel’s from Brazil, she’s not Australian, we have to figure out how that’s going to work, right? So, it’s a little more difficult if you just wing things, if you just improvise, you know, if we would have just potentially start trying to have a kid tomorrow. And so, we have to, as a result, try and sit down and discuss the timeline, discuss when we’re going to aim to have kids. Does she want to live in Australia? Does she want to be a permanent resident or a citizen in Australia?Does she want to travel? Does she want to see her family? Because all these things obviously have to be sorted out, especially, if you want to travel, if you want to go overseas, if we want to buy a house, if she wants to go and study, we have to work out our finances. So, me being somewhat of a pragmatist, someone who likes to have things organised and sort of sort it out before rushing into things, I mean… some things, right? I do rush into things from time to time. But me being that kind of personality, I would have these conversations with Kel pretty occasionally.
And okay. So, back to the story of getting engaged. We were sitting down at the table, talking about things as usual, and talking about her plan for children, and now she wants to have them as soon as possible effectively, which isn’t, you know, within weeks or months, but it’ll be in the next year and a half. And so, once we had sort of decided when that was going to happen, you know, in which month of which year, pretty much, we sort of had planned out when we were going to start trying, because we sort of, you know, don’t want to waste time, we want to get the ball moving, and we’re in Canberra at the moment, but we have to move back, or we don’t have to, but we want to move back after her contract is up at work. And so, we want to time the birth of the child be several months after her contract has ended.
And so, once we’d sort of figured that out we knew exactly which month to start in and that was when I was like, “Well, we should probably talk about marriage then too, right? Like, if we’ve decided in which month of which year we’re going to have kids or start having kids start trying to have children, then it probably makes sense to decide, do you want to get married? Do you not want to get married? When would you like to get married? What would you like to do when you get married? Do you want to save up a lot of money and buy a dress? Do you want to have a really huge wedding with a lot of people? Do you want your family from Brazil to come over to Australia? Do you want my family from Australia to go to Brazil? Where do you want to have the wedding? Do one of two of them?”.
And so, once those sort of questions started coming up, we were discussing it and we both agreed that it probably makes sense, for us at least, to get married. And then, as soon as that happened I said, “Well, I guess now it’s not a matter of if, but a matter of when. So, we might as well say were engaged, right? Are you my fiancée? Am I your fiancé? Are we engaged now?”. And she looked at me and was like, “I guess we are.”.
So, that was pretty much how it happened. That was pretty much how we got engaged. Very, very lackluster, not very romantic, but very pragmatic, very systematic, organized. But yeah, that’s how it happened.
But it is interesting. I guess, I want to talk a little bit about marriage in Australia and why what it’s like and why I’m going to get married to Kel, and how we planned to get married, I guess, so to give you guys a bit of an insight into what marriage is like in Australia.
Australia’s obviously, at least as far as I know, I think, I think it’s still, Christian majority. There’s probably a lot of atheists of which I’m definitely one. I mean, I’m an atheist in that I have no religion. I’m not really… I don’t practice any specific religion. So, for the most part, the stereotype of a wedding is a Christian wedding where you have… the woman gets a white dress, she has a white veil on, the groom wears a suit, usually a tuxedo, I think, usually, like a… can be different colors, but usually a dark coloured suit, and they will, I think, less and less often now, but back in the day, these… the couple would obviously get married in a church. If it’s a Christian marriage, you would usually get married in a church, which would involve the groom, and the groom’s party, the groomsmen, the other the other guys that are helping the groom on his day, the best man who is the prime and that helps the groom. And then, there’ll be a few other guys who are there for moral support in the small things. They tend to arrive earlier to their church, and they’re waiting there as the bride and the bride’s party, the bridesmaids and the maid of honour, the primary maid in the bride’s party, in the bridal party, will be bringing the bride to the church, and then she gets walked down the aisle to the groom by her father.
So, that’s sort of the traditional way. And then, you’ll have the… what would you call him? The priest? Or whoever the guy is at the church. You know, he’ll preside over the wedding, he’ll then, you know, say a few things, he’ll have the bride and groom say their vows, he’ll then say, “Do you take this woman to be your wife? Do you take this man to be your husband?”. And then, the… each of them will say, “I do. I do.”. And they have put rings on each other’s left hand, on the second finger, their wedding rings, by that point. And then, you’ll hear the expression, or the saying, “You may now kiss the bride.”. And then, everyone usually cheers. And that’s sort of standard western wedding.
But more and more these days, things are changing, because obviously Australia is becoming less and less of a religious country, like most western countries I feel, except for maybe the US, people now are using celebrants, which are not necessarily affiliated with any church in order to get married. So, they’ll use a celebrant to marry them. They will do it outdoors. They’ll do it at houses like families houses. They’ll set up ceremonies in certain places. There’s places you can go. Like, a friend’s wedding I went to last year was in the Dandenong Ranges and this is like a mountain range in Victoria where there’s all of these huge trees in these forests. It was really beautiful. It was outdoors. And they just had a, I guess, agnostic or atheist celebrant. Someone who’s not affiliated with any church who marries them. And so, that was a really good wedding, but that’s happening more and more and more.
So, I guess, coming back to Kel and I, and how we planned to get married, it’s probably going to be about as crazy, about as wild, about as romantic as the proposal, where I think we’re more interested in just seeing friends and having maybe a get together, some kind of party, and spending time with friends, and then just signing the papers and getting the rings, and that probably be it, a kind of, you know, small party with just friends and family, because to be honest, and I’m sure some of you guys probably understand that weddings can be frickin expensive, weddings can be really, really expensive. I’ve had friends who have had really wealthy families and their families end up spending, you know, tens of thousands of dollars on weddings. And I think Kel and I are both not really the kind of people who like spending a lot of money on things. We’re not very flashy. We don’t like showing off wealth or anything like that. Mostly because we don’t have any wealth.
But, so, I think we’re just keen to save as much money as possible through that kind of process or event of becoming married and spending the same, you know, time with friends and family, whether or not we spend a bit on food or something might be a different story. And I think part of the complexity there, or part of the reason we want to do that is too because our families are both on completely different continents. Obviously, Kel’s family is from Brazil and South America. My family is from Australia. And so, it would just be a nightmare or at least more complicated than it needs to be if each of us wanted to get our families together for a wedding or have a wedding with both of our families separately. Long story short, it would just costs a lot of money.
So, that is where we are currently at. So, we’re not sure when it’s going to be. We don’t know how it’s going to be, but it’ll probably be in the next year or so, I guess.
And so that’s the story, guys. That is the story. That is how I got engaged, and it’s funny, because it’s one of those situations where if you’d told me a year ago when I was single that this was going to be the way in which I would get engaged and then planned to get married, I would definitely not have believed.
Anyway so, I am getting close now to the cafe. I might go grab my coffee, guys. Thank you so much for hanging out. Thanks for listening. If you guys have an interesting story that you would like to share about how you got engaged or how you got married or even just about the different cultural practices of getting engaged or married in your country, then please, please let me know. Send me a message. Comment on this wherever you see it on the website, on Facebook, and let me know. So, you know, another excuse to use your English.
Anyway, that’s long enough, guys. I hope you have an amazing day. Get outside, do some exercise, and drink more coffee. And I’ll chat to you soon. See you, guys.
Complete this episode as a course when you enroll in
Each course is a comprehensive English lesson covering these areas:
AE 456 – Expression: Burn the Candle at Both Ends
G’day you mob! How are you going? What is going on? I hope you’ve been having a great week.
I am down in Geelong this week hanging out with a mate. So, I’ve come down to visit here. I’m staying at his house while his folks, his parents, have gone over to Greece for six weeks. So, James’s folks have a pet cat, and James also has a pet cat, and his folks also have plants that need to be watered, and so, he’s decided to move in here to his folks’ house where he used to live a long time ago and take care of his cats. But one of them’s really funny. One of them is terrified of other humans. So, I don’t know why. It’s just always been that way, but it pretty much only likes James’s dad and maybe James a little bit, but everyone else it runs away from or isn’t seen at all. So, I’ve only seen that once or twice (in) the last few days. But his other cat, his cat, the one from his house, which is also here, is absolutely lovely. I love Thomas. He’s a funny can’t. You may’ve seen him in some of the recent vlogs that I’ve put up on YouTube.
Anyway guys, so today, it’s another expression episode. We will go through some announcements, a joke, we’ll go through the expression, what it means, the different words in it, where it came from, some examples, the listen and repeat exercise, and then an interesting Aussie fact, which will be about whaling in Australia today.
Anyway, guys, let’s get into it.
So, this is the Aussie English Podcast, guys. If this is the first time that you are listening, welcome! It’s great to have you here. This podcast is for intermediate to advanced learners of the English language. There’s no handholding here, guys. I speak to you as a native speaker, naturally. I don’t change how I would talk. I try and treat you guys as I would anyone else who was having a conversation with. So, that is the whole point. These resources here are for you and they are to try and help you get from intermediate to advanced in English, in general, but also obviously to help you learn Australian English, whether that’s the slang, the culture, the history, all of that sort of stuff related to Australia and Australian English. The Aussie English Podcast is the podcast for you, guys. So, thanks for joining me.
The Aussie English Podcast is brought to you by the Aussie English Classroom and this is the online learning platform where you will get all the course material for this episode and a lot of the previous episodes. So, if you want to learn English and you want to learn it fast, and you like studying and doing listening comprehension quizzes, learning new vocab, learning new expressions, watching videos, all of that sort of stuff, go to theAussieEnglishClassroom.com and enroll. The first month is just one dollar, guys, and that’s how I keep the lights on. So, please check it out and give it a go if you want to upgrade your English.
Anyway, (that was a) bit of an intro, but let’s get into the Aussie English joke for the day, guys. The joke is: how do you make a candle burn longer? How do you make a candle burn longer? You can’t. They only burn shorter. (Do) you get it? You can’t. They only burn short.
So, how do you make a candle burn longer? The joke here being that longer can mean longer as in a duration of time, but it can also mean a physical length of something. So, a candle, when you light a candle and the candle is burning, it reduces in size. So, it’s a long thin thing that has a flame at the top of it and as it burns it reduces in size. So, it gets shorter.
But the joke here is that we want to know how we can make a candle burn for longer, like a longer amount of time, and the joke here is that they only get smaller in size.
Anyway, (I) hope you like that joke, guys. I know they’re always dad jokes, but these are clever puns that will help you understand more about Australian English and English in general. Okay?
So, today’s expression: ‘to burn the candle at both ends’. ‘To burn the candle at both ends’. This one comes from Dan who is in the Aussie English Classroom. Every week we get in the private Facebook group and we vote on these expressions. Dan put this one forth this week and everyone decided this was the best one. So, good job Dan. So, let’s go through and define the words in the expression ‘to burn the candle at both ends’.
So, ‘to burn’, ‘to burn’ is obviously a verb, ‘to burn’, ‘to burn’, and it means to be or cause to be destroyed by fire. So, if you put a piece of wood in the fire place and the fire’s obviously alight, the wood burns.
‘A candle’. ‘A candle’ is a long, usually, usually a cylinder or block of wax or tallow or, back in the day, it could be a whale oil, we’ll get to that in a bit, and it has a central wick. That is the piece of string with in the candle. It’s called a wick. And this is what is lit and produces light as it burns. So, a candle, when you light the wick in the candle, the substance the candle is made out of melts a little bit and is used as fuel. It gets soaked up the wick and it burns. So, if the lights in the house go out because of a blackout, you know, the power pole has come down in a car accident, you’ve got no electricity, you might use candles so that you can see if it’s night time.
Alright, the last word here ‘the end’ of something. So, ‘the end’ of something. This can mean a few things. It can obviously mean the final part of something like a movie, the end of a movie is the last few minutes of a movie. But in this sense, it’s more the furthest or most extreme part of something. So, for instance, the end of a bed. You might sit on the end of a bed. You might open a packet of food with the end of a knife, the tip of a knife. That is the end of something. The first or most extreme part of it.
So, let’s go through and define the expression, guys. If you burn the candle at both ends, I wonder if you guys have heard this one before, it means to overwork yourself, to exhaust yourself by doing too much, by doing too many things, especially, when you’re doing these both late at night and early in the morning. So, you’re living a hectic life. There’s a lot going on. It’s not sustainable. You’re overworking. You’re exhausting yourself.
And so, the modern idea of this expression, and we’ll get in to the original meaning, but the modern meaning, is that you’re using up the evening, you’re burning one end of the candle, the evening, and you’re getting up early in the morning, and using up the morning, and you’re burning the other end of the candle. So, if you imagine in your head that, in this case, the candle, which has a wick, which goes through the entire thing. You can light either end of a candle. If you imagine that candle is the night time where you would otherwise sleep, if you’re burning both ends of the candle, you’re working hard into the night and you’re getting up early in the morning to work. So, you’re reducing the length of your sleep, or of the evening, of the night. Okay? So, that’s burning the candle at both ends.
But the expression origin, guys, it didn’t have that idea when it was first coined. So, it was first coined in the 18th century, I think, the first use in English was in around 1730. However, it was used in French as far back as 1611: “Brusler la chandelle par les deux bouts.”, which means “to burn the candle by the two ends”. So, both ends, though, in this case were a physical reference to the ends of the candle and not the ends of the day. Okay?
So, back in the day candles were a useful and very valuable thing, and the notion of wasting a candle or suggested by lighting it at both ends was incredibly reckless. It was a bad idea. And so, this idea was that the only way for candles to be lit by both ends was to hold it horizontally, the wax, if it was lit, horizontally, would drip away from the candle and not burn, and you would waste the candle. It would be very unproductive. So, that was burning the candle at both ends. Okay?
So, let’s go through some examples, guys, of how I would use this in everyday English.
Alright, so example number one. I remember when I was at university. I was doing my bachelor’s degree in science and there were many kids there studying other things like commerce, and arts, law, medicine, all those kinds of subjects. But a lot of these kids, despite studying a lot and having to be there five days a week, you know, for eight hours, they were involved in sports. So, they had signed up for a sports team. They were playing footy, or hockey, or maybe doing athletics, or swimming, which required them to train several times a week. So, they’d have to get ready for games on the weekends or competitions on the weekends and they’d have to train with the team. So, students were often in a situation where they were studying late at night for exams, but then getting up early in the morning to train. And so, if this is the case, which it was, they were burning the candle at both ends. Their life was very hectic. They were very busy. They were overworking. They were exhausting themselves. They were working late into the night, and then waking up early in the morning. They were burning the candle at both ends.
Example number two. So, in this case, imagine that you have graduated from university after working your arse off, being on a team and burning the candle at both ends in that time, in that period. Imagine now you’re at university. You’re working as a lawyer for a law firm, and you’ve carried across, you’ve maintained that work ethic. So, now you’re trying to impress your new boss by getting to work really early in the morning, working all throughout the day, and then staying late into the night to get as much done as possible. You’re hoping that this will lead to potentially a promotion or something like that. If you’re doing this continuously, obviously, it’s unsustainable, and it’s incredibly hectic, it’s a the high-paced life, you’re burning the candle at both ends. You’re overworking yourself. You’re living a hectic life. Late nights, early mornings. It’s unsustainable. You’re burning the candle at both ends.
And number three here, guys. Example Number three is a personal anecdote. When I first tried getting Aussie English off the ground, so this was back in the day when I was starting my PhD, maybe six years ago, five years ago, I can’t remember the exact year, but when I was first trying to get Aussie English off the ground, I was studying my PhD, which was, you know, five-six hours a day, five days a week, I was trying to organise a website, create the content for the podcast episodes, put them online, have a Facebook page, have a YouTube page, and so it required a lot of work. And I was also training at the gym five days a week doing jujitsu at this time. So, I felt, at least looking back on this time, I was burning the candle at both ends. I was overworking myself. I was staying up late, getting up early. I was burning the candle at both ends.
So, hopefully now, guys, you understand the expression ‘to burn the candle at both ends’. This is to overwork or exhaust yourself by doing too much, by doing too many things, especially, both late at night and early in the morning.
So, as usual, let’s go through a little listen and repeat exercise here, guys, where you guys can practice your pronunciation, whether you want to sound like an Aussie or not this a good excuse to just speak out loud, say these sentences, say these words, and focus on your pronunciation. If you want an Aussie accent that’s awesome, try and copy me exactly. If you just want to perfect your English in general, ignore my exact pronunciation of each word and focus more on the rhythm and the intonation. Okay? So, let’s go
To burn the
To burn the candle
To burn the candle at
To burn the candle at both
To burn the candle at both ends x 5
I was burning the candle at both ends
You were burning the candle at both ends
He was burning the candle at both ends
She was burning the candle at both ends
We were burning the candle at both ends
They were burning the candle at both ends
It was burning the candle at both ends
Great job, guys. Remember, if you want to work on this pronunciation exercise, as well as all previous ones, for every single lesson like this expression episode in the Aussie English Classroom you will get some kind of content that breaks this down. And more recently, these have been ten-minute videos where I go step by step through all the little changes in pronunciation like ‘to’ becoming ‘to’ and the words ‘both ends’ joining together with connected speech like ‘both_ends’. Okay? So, I go through all that sort of stuff. If you want to perfect your accent in Australian English or in English in general, because these rules apply to all English, then join up and give it a go. Remember, it’s just one point for your first month.
Alright, so today’s Aussie English fact. Today’s Aussie English fact is the history of whaling in Australia. Now, why did I pick this? What has this got to do with the expression, ‘to burn the candle at both ends’?
So, some of you might be thinking, “Well, whales were whaled to get oil to make fuel to use in lamps and in candles.”. And so, that was my train of thought. When I thought of what I could connect to the expression ‘to burn the candle at both ends’, I thought, “Okay. Candles, fuel, Australian history, whaling! Ah, this’s a good one!”.
Alright, so whaling did occur in Australia, and it was actually the number one industry in Australia after the colonists first arrived in 1788.
So, the first whaling station was located in a coastal town called Eden, which is in the south east of New South Wales, right on the border of Victoria and New South Wales. And soon after this period, there were whaling stations all around Australia, as well as on a few islands like Norfolk Island.
So, it was a booming industry between 1790s and the 1850s, and British colonies were not the only colonies to thrive off whaling in Australian waters. The US as well as Norway had a lot of ships hunting for whales off the shores of Australia as well. So, it was obviously a very lucrative business back in this period.
Whaling became a little less attractive in the 1850s in the face of the Australian Gold Rush. This was when they discovered gold in places like Bendigo, and, I think, Bathurst as well. I’m not sure, but there was somewhere in New South Whales too where they found gold in the 1850s. And so, obviously, it’s a lot more appealing to go into the Australian bush and look for gold in creeks and rivers near towns, etc., as opposed to getting on a ship and going away to, you know, sea for months at a time and potentially dying.
So, whaling reemerged as a revived industry in the 1900s, and this was thanks to the invention of the steam boat as well as the harpoon gun. So, both of these inventions, a steam engine used in boats to power boats so you no longer had to sail, and the harpoon gun, obviously, an explosive spear-throwing weapon, made whaling a great deal more efficient. So, it was a lot easier to do your hunting and get out in the ocean, etc..
So, whale stations increased during this time despite the decreased demand for whale oil as petroleum was invented around this time, and I think vegetable oil was also starting to be used for different things.
So, whales were hunted for numerous reasons. Whale oil was used in lamps and it was used to make soap and things like margarine. And whale meat was processed and traded and, you know, canned and sold overseas and around Australia. And the whale bones were used to make corsets, umbrellas, and things like wigs, which I found out. I never knew this.
Numerous species were targeted by the whaling industry, and these species included whales like, sperm whales, blue whales, humpback whales, southern right whales, fin whales, and even sei whales, and they were all hunted for different reasons depending on the different attributes of each of these whales. Notice there too they’re all baleen whales. So, these are the whales that have baleen, that thick hair-like structure in their mouth, and they use it for catching fish and krill and, you know, small animals in the ocean. They’re not toothed whales. So, I don’t think they were ever hunting things like orcas, killer whales, or dolphins around Australia, at least not to the same extent.
So, whaling was banned in Australia in 1978, and today, these whales are all classified as either vulnerable or severely endangered, although, the good news is that populations are increasing by about 8% a year as of 2015.
The International Whaling Commission, the IWC, was formed in 1946 to regulate the whaling industry and protect whales, and Australia was a member as of 1948.
So, as of 1999 the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act states that: the Australian whale sanctuary includes all Commonwealth waters within the sanctuary and it is an offence to kill, injure, or interfere with a whale and it will result in severe penalties for those who are convicted.
So, countries like Japan, Norway, and Iceland still participate in commercial whaling, even though there is an international ban that was implemented in 1986. However, these countries find a loophole in the system by saying their purpose for whaling is scientific research.
So, I thought I would finish up here, guys, sharing a little bit of my views on this and try to help you understand the Australian point of view, because I know I have some Japanese listeners, and some of them feel very passionate about whaling.
From the Australian standpoint, we just don’t like whales in our waters around Australia being hunted. It’s not something that modern Australia can remember doing. It’s a very old industry so they don’t tend to be any people who used to be involved in it around still.
Sea Shepherd is a bit of a controversial group that, you know, goes out there and harasses a lot of the whalers in the Australian waters and elsewhere in the world. A lot of people support them, but also condemn them. I tend to support them, because I don’t like the idea of whaling. But it’s one of those things where it is hard to argue against as well when it’s a cultural practice, though, that’s where things get murky. If it’s cultural, that’s fair enough, but if it’s being misrepresented as scientific when it’s not really scientific, that’s another problem. Okay?
Anyway, those are my sort of views. I like whales. I think they’re incredibly intelligent and I don’t like them being hunted. But at the same time, I am somewhat hypocritical, because I still eat meat. You know, I still eat cow, I still eat chicken. So, why I’m okay with one and not the other? There you go. I just feel uncomfortable with whales being killed.
Anyway, that’s it for today, guys. I would love to know your thoughts. Do you think whaling is okay? Do you think it’s not okay? Let me know what you think and I’ll chat to you next week. See you, guys.
Learn real life English with my vlogs:
Learn Australian English even faster in
Each course is a comprehensive
English lesson covering these areas: