This is an interview episode with my friend Shana who is an ESL teacher. In this episode we discuss the topic of dating as well as the numerous words and expressions used to refer to it in the US and Australia. We are hoping to do more of these episodes in the future on other interesting topics.
So let me know what you think of today’s episode either here or on the Facebook page, and if you have any other topics you’d like us to discuss then please let me know!
To make out – to kiss
To pick up on (someone) (US) – to hook up with, to have physical relations with someone, i.e. kissing, etc.
To pick up (someone) (Aus) – to hook up with, to have physical relations with someone, i.e. kissing, etc.
To hit on – to make sexual advances towards someone.
Blind date – A date where people have been set up by friends and have never seen one another before.
Matchmaker – someone who matches two people to go on a date, etc.
Set up – when a friend or friends has organized a date for two people.
Dating – To be seeing someone romantically on a regular basis (the stage before being “together” or being in a relationship.
Single (and ready to mingle) – Said when you are a single person ready to meet other single people.
To cross paths – to meet, to come across by chance.
Fate – the development of events outside of a person’s control; destiny.
A soul mate – a person ideally suited to another as a close friend or romantic partner.
To hit it off – to get along very well
To ask out (on a date) – to ask someone to go on a date with you.
To break the ice – to do or say something to relieve tension or to get conversation going in a situation or when strangers meet.
To hookup – to pick up, to make out, etc.
To have game – to be talented at talking to the opposite sex.
The bases – 4 bases – (from baseball) said when referencing how far you got when hooking up with someone.
• 1st – kissing
• 2nd – touching or feeling above the waist.
• 3rd – touching or feeling below the waist.
• 4th base / home base – to sleep with someone / to have sex.
A gold-digger – someone who is in a relationship with someone else only because they have a lot of money.
To go all the way – to sleep with someone / to have sex with someone.
To get some – To get some physical action from / with someone.
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.
About the AuthorI learn languages, teach Australian English, and love all things science and nature!
You Might also like
By pete — 2 years ago
Expression: To Tinker With Something
G’day guys. How’re you going? Welcome to this expression episode. Today I’m going to do the expression for you TO TINKER AWAY or just TO TINKER. And I mentioned this phrase in a recent episode that I uploaded for you guys, and Estefania from Spain asked me if I could do an episode on TO TINKER AWAY or just TO TINKER WITH, TO TINKER.
So, here we are. If you guys have any expressions, any sayings, any idioms, any grammatical issues, pronunciation issues, any kind of English issue that you would like me to do an episode on in the future make sure you send me a message or comment below, because I’m going to try and turn this around and focus in on you guys, and try and do as much as I can that you guys ask for specifically. So, I’m going to put you guys first from now on.
Anyway, before we get started I’ve got some good news. I bought some gadgets recently. Some gadgets, and GADGETS are like little devices, little computer technology, machinery, gadgets, gadgets. I’ve got here a lapel mic that I can plug into my phone and put here to talk (into). And I also have a directional microphone that I bought that I just plug in to the side of my phone. And so, I thought I would start this episode obviously just using my phone without any microphone plugged in. It’s just using the normal phone microphone. And, I thought I’ll plug this in while we are recording so that you can see the difference. So, let me just see here. There, we’re plugged in. And hopefully, I’ll have to check after I’ve recorded this, hopefully the sound is better.
Anyway, without any further ado, let’s dive right into the episode guys. So, TO TINKER AWAY, TO TINKER AWAY, or just TO TINKER. TO TINKER WITH SOMETHING, TO TINKER AWAY AT SOMETHING, you can say TO TINKER AWAY AT an activity, so something you’re doing. If you’re TINKERING AWAY you could be repairing something, playing with something. I’ll define it in a sec, but yeah, TO TINKER AWAY WITH an activity or AT an activity, or TO TINKER WITH something.
So, the definition of TO TINKER is to busy oneself, to occupy oneself, to be busy with something an to be making subtle changes, to be making adjustments, so to adjust something, to attempt to repair something. But ultimately, you’re doing this without any real skill in that field, in that area. So, you don’t know how to repair these things but you’re trying to anyway, you’re TINKERING with the device, with whatever it is that you’re trying to repair. And you could also say that it’s kind of in a clumsy unskillful way with no real results.
And so, you can also use TINKER in the form of a noun. So, not only can you use it as a verb, TO TINKER WITH something or TO TINKER AWAY at something but you can also have A TINKER WITH something. And that means to fiddle with something, to try and adjust it. A TINKER is like an adjustment, a fiddle, a play, you’re… It’s that noun. It’s that idea of the action that you’re doing. So, if I go and HAVE A TINKER WITH my car, I’m going out to my car and I’m having a fiddle, I’m having a play, I’m adjusting things, I’m trying to repair it with no real result. Whereas, if I use it as a verb I can say that I am going TO TINKER WITH the car, or I’m going to the car and I’m TINKERING AWAY with trying to repair the car.
So, that’s TO TINKER, the verb and the noun. A bit of background, where did TO TINKER come from? TO TINKER apparently is… or A TINKERER back in the old days, I would never use this phrase anymore, but A TINKERER was someone who mended kettles and pots and pans. So, things that you cooked with. And this was back in the mid 1300s onwards. So, 1300s, 1400s, 1500s. Back when it was obviously incredibly important to be able to repair those kinds of objects that everyone used in their houses to cook with. And so, it was also a surname, I think TINKERE, I’m probably mispronouncing that, but it dates back to Middle English in the 1200s and onwards. And so, surnames in English quite often reveal to some extent what that original family did as a job. And so, if their surname was TINKER or TINKERE these are probably the people who first started to make themselves known for mending kettles, pots and pans, and that’s where the verb came from (TO) TINKER and the noun came from A TINKER.
So, let’s just get straight into some examples of how I would use this phrase, or how I would use this word, this noun. So, imagine that you’re grandfather is, like, really really intensely interested in clocks, old antique clocks. So, he collects, maybe they’re not always in mint condition, maybe they’re not always perfect, they don’t work very well, and he has no real training in how to repair these things, but all the same, he likes to play around with the clocks and the mechanisms in the clocks. He likes to fiddle with them. You could say, “He likes TO TINKER WITH his clocks. He likes TINKERING WITH his clocks. He likes to go and have A TINKER with his clocks on weekends.” You know, it’s his hobby, just to play with the clocks, to adjust them. Maybe some of them are broken and he tries to repair them. He likes TO TINKER WITH clocks.
Another example could be that you are a mechanic and you love building cars. So, you may not necessarily be a mechanic in a sense that it is your career, but say you’re just… It’s your hobby. You’ve always loved cars, you love building cars from scratch, you love making the engines and then finally getting the car on the road and going for a drive. It’s your passion. You’ve got a garage at home with all your tools on the walls, you know, you’ve got oil pans on the ground to catch the oil if it starts leaking from the cars. Any time that you go into the garage to build your car, to try and repair the cars, to fiddle with the engine, to make adjustments, any time you go in there and have a play, have a fiddle, you could say that you’re having A TINKER. So, there’s the noun, to have A TINKER. You’re TINKERING WITH the car, you’re having A TINKER WITH the car, the engine, parts of the car, whatever it is that you’re fiddling with. You could say you’re having A TINKER WITH it. Or you could use it as a verb and you could say “I am TINKERING WITH the car. I am TINKERING WITH the engine. I’m TINKERING WITH the parts. I’m having a play. I’m having a fiddle.”
The third example could be that say, you’re at home, you’re trying to cook one day and you got the dishes in the dishwasher running. They’re cleaning, the water’s going inside the dishwasher and all of a sudden you hear some clunking and then the dishwasher stops working. And your dad runs out and he’s like, “Ah! I got this. I’ll fix this. It’s fine, it’s fine!” He gets in behind the dishwasher, you know, (he) pulls it out. (He) tries to get in there and have a fiddle to see if he can fix the dishwasher and get it to keep working again obviously. Maybe he wants to do this because he wants to save money and not have to pay for a repairman to come out, because it’s expensive to pay a repairman to come out to fix the dishwasher. Maybe he’s afraid he’s going to be told, “You’re going to have to buy a new dishwasher. This one’s kaput, it’s broken.” And so, he gets in behind the dishwasher and he has A TINKER or he’s TINKERING AWAY behind the dishwasher. He’s trying to repair things, he’s trying to find the problem, he’s having a fiddle with the dishwasher, he’s playing around, he’s adjusting things, he’s hoping that he finds the fault or the problem but ultimately he has no skill when it comes to repairing dishwashers, and it’s a clumsy kind of effort to try and fix it with no real result. And so, that’s when you can say, “He’s TINKERING AWAY” as he’s doing it, “He’s TINKERING AWAY” or “He’s having A TINKER behind the dishwasher trying to fix it.” SO, that’s example number three, TO TINKER WITH the dishwasher or to have A TINKER WITH the dishwasher.
So, the fourth example that I’ve got here is, imagine that your government is trying to set up a really nice healthcare system. And so, it implements some kind of strategy initially to try and improve the health care system of the country, but it’s unsatisfied with the initial setup and it keeps making changes to how the healthcare system that they have implemented is setup. You know, how much things cost, how much funding it’s getting, how many people are hired and working in this area, whatever it is. If they keep making changes, in terms of this it’s not a machine, it’s not a device or a gadget, it’s a system, some kind of setup that is not necessarily a physical thing. If they keep making those adjustments, they keep playing around with how it’s setup, they keep fiddling with it, you could say, “They’re TINKERING WITH it.” So, they’re playing with it, they’re trying to fix it, they don’t really know what they’re doing ultimately, they’re just trying to make changes and then hope that things work better or that they repair, that they get better, that they work more efficiently. So, then you could say that the government is TINKERING WITH their healthcare system strategy. They’re having A TINKER with it, they’re playing with it, they’re not really sure what they’re doing, it’s a little unskillful, it’s a little clumsy. And so, they’re having A TINKER WITH it.
Alright. Those are all the examples. By now I’m sure you’re getting the idea. You probably understand how to use the verbs TO TINKER, TO TINKER WITH something, and TO TINKER AWAY AT something. I haven’t looked up the specific reason that English speakers use AWAY. And so, at the moment when I try and explain this it’s just off the top of my head, I’m just thinking of it as I make this video. But I think whenever you do something and then have a AWAY after the verb, so if you’re WORKING AWAY, if you’re RUNNING AWAY, not in the sense of escaping but you’re running a lot, it’s that idea of that you’re in the process of doing it. So, if you’re TINKERING AWAY WITH something it means that when someone says you’re TINKERING AWAY WITH it, you’re in the process of doing it right then and there. So, when someone’s saying that you’re literally doing it, you’re in the process of TINKERING AWAY. So, it means you’re TINKERING AWAY. So, what else is another example? I’m WORKING AWAY AT my podcast at the moment. I’m WORKING AWAY, I’m TALKING AWAY, ‘cause I’m currently talking. If I’m TINKERING AWAY, if I was fiddling with the camera and trying to do stuff right now in the video you could say I was TINKERING AWAY WITH the camera, WITH the microphone. So, that’s that sort of idea of you’re literally doing it as we speak, you’re in the process of doing it. That is when you’ll add AWAY after verbs like TO TINKER AWAY, TO WORK AWAY, TO TALK AWAY, TO PLAY AWAY, TO RUN AWAY. In that sense, it means to be doing it right then and there.
Alright. So, you’ve got the idea of what TO TINKER AWAY WITH something or TO TINKER AWAY AT something is and TO TINKER WITH something. And so, as usual we can dive straight into the substitution exercise, or the exercise that I love to give you guys at the end of these episodes. This is the first time I’ve done this one on video. So, hopefully it’s not too boring and the good aspect, I guess, is that if you’re watching this on YouTube and you don’t like these exercises or you want to find specific sentences in them, you can skip forward or skip over it completely.
So, let’s just get started guys. And in this substitution exercise I want you guys to switch the verb TO FIDDLE (or the noun A FIDDLE) that I’m going to have in different sentences with the verb TO TINKER or the noun TO A TINKER. So, I’m going to have FIDDLE in the sentence, the first one that I say, and then TINKER in the second one, and I want you to switch the word FIDDLE with the appropriate version or conjugation of TINKER. So, let’s get started.
Substitution exercise: To fiddle/A fiddle – To tinker/A tinker
Stop fiddling with the engine and take it to get repaired.
Stop ________ with the engine and take it to get repaired.
He keeps fiddling with his broken watch.
He keeps ________ with his broken watch.
Granddad loves fiddling with his antique clocks.
Granddad loves ________ with his antique clocks.
I’m going to go have a fiddle with my car.
I’m going to go have ________ with my car.
He’s having a fiddle with his clocks.
He’s having ________ with his clocks.
You’re having a fiddle with your computer.
You’re having ________ with your computer.
She’s fiddling away with her broken earring.
She’s ________ with her broken earring.
We’re fiddling away with our new laptop.
We’re ________ with our new laptop.
They want to fiddle away with their broken radio.
They want ________ with their broken radio.
He’s going to fiddle with it for a while.
He’s going ________ with it for a while.
Here are the answers:
- Stop tinkering with the engine and take it to get repaired.
- He keeps tinkering with his broken watch.
- Granddad loves tinkering with his antique clocks.
- I’m going to go have a tinker with my car.
- He’s having a tinker with his clocks.
- You’re having a tinker with your computer.
- She’s tinkering away with her broken earring.
- We’re tinkering away with our new laptop.
- They want to tinker away with their broken radio.
- He’s going to tinker with it for a while.
Alright, guys. I guess that’s all there is to it for this episode. This has been a pretty long one. I hope you like the video aspect of it, for you guys who are more visual based and love seeing people talk, seeing people do gestures, seeing my reactions. I hope also for those who like the podcast episodes that it’s also good. Let me know what you think of the new mic. Is the audio better? Is it improved? Do you like it? Also, if you guys have expressions, verbs, pronunciation issues, any aspects of English that you guys would like me to do an episode on for you, in order to help you improve your English, definitely let me know in a comment or a message. I’ll design it like I do these episodes. I’ll go through the definition of the words or the grammatical themes, and then I’ll go through how I would use them in certain contexts, and then I’ll also go through some substitution exercises. And that’s the whole point. The whole point of me being here is to help you guys with the problems that you have. So, don’t be afraid to come and send me a message, comment on Facebook, whatever it is, let me know what you’re having an issue with at the moment and how I can help you improve your English. Until next time guys, I’m wishing you all the best. See you later!
If you wish to support me and the many hours of hard work I put into The Aussie English Podcast then please consider donating a few dollars a month via Patreon! The more support I get, the more I can work on The Aussie English Podcast!
Check out all the other recent Expression episode on Aussie English below!
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 2,781
By pete — 1 year ago
AE 426 – Expression: Spit the Dummy
Spit the Dummy, the segment where we involve you the viewer. Last week, I spent the day with myself at a lack of interest from you guys stumping up and offering a view on the program. We’ve now got Crazy Jane who’s out of Melbourne who’s joined us. That is her Twitter call sign, or whatever you call it. Her real name is Marian Dalton. Depending on what you’ve got to say though, I’ll go with either Marion or Crazy Jane. Welcome to the program. Thanks for your company.
Hi Peter. Thanks for having me. So, what do you want to spit the dummy about? What’s your gripe?
My gripe is the way that the media when they’re interviewing the various politicians about the asylum seeker issue don’t challenge them on the notion that offshore processing is the only way.
Guys, you would laugh so much if you saw me right now. I am currently sitting underneath a rug, because I’m trying to mute the echo in this room as much as possible for this episode of Aussie English. But yeah, I thought I would share that with you. I have a rug on my head and it’s also over a chair, and in this little cubby kind of fortressed space I am currently recording this episode.
So, g’day you mob. I hope you are going well. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English, The Aussie English Podcast, the number one podcast for anyone and everyone wanting to learn Australian English. Whether you want to learn to understand Australians or whether you want to speak like an Aussie, this is the podcast for you.
So, today I have a ripper of an episode for you, guys. I try to have a ripper of an episode every single week, but today, I can definitely say that I have one ripper of an episode prepared.
So, today’s intro scene, today’s intro scene was from a TV show called The Contrarians, and I found this little clip on YouTube, it’s from Sky News Australia, where they have a segment called Spit the Dummy. Okay? So, it seemed like a good idea to include this segment. So, that a lady has come on to this segment called Spit the Dummy in order to spit the dummy about how the media, when interviewing various politicians about asylum seeker issues, don’t challenge them on their assertion that offshore processing is the only way to deal with asylum seekers.
So, anyway guys we’ll get into that, we’ll get into the expression, and we’ll discuss asylum seekers at the end in today’s Aussie Fact, but there’s a link in the transcript to day for you to go over to the YouTube channel for Sky News Australia and check out the entire clip. So, I recommend that you go and do that.
Don’t forget also guys that you can download the transcript and the MP3 for today’s episode if you would like to study that in your own time, whether it’s on your computer, on your phone, whether you want to print it out and write on it, any of that sort of stuff, you can download it via the website. There will be a link somewhere. You should be able to see it in your podcast app or on the website if you’re using it currently, but you can get those free downloads.
And don’t forget too, that if you would like all the bonus content for today’s episode, to sign up to the Aussie English Classroom. That’s where I form courses from these episodes with lessons, with quizzes, with MP3, exercises, and now videos as well. So, I’m adding to it every week, and if you want to learn Australian English in depth, even faster, I really recommend signing up to the Aussie English Classroom. It’s a one dollar, guys, one dollar for your first month, and it’s what helps me keep the lights on, keep the water coming to the house, and obviously it keeps me in a position to afford rugs to put over my head to record these episodes.
Anyway guys, let’s dive in today’s joke, Aussie joke. Today’s joke. Okay so, how do you put a baby alien to sleep? How do you put a baby alien to sleep? You ‘rocket’. You ‘rocket’.
Alright so, that’s a pun there, guys. That’s a joke. The word ‘rocket’, as in, a shuttle, something that takes off from the planet and goes into outer space. That is what we would expect an alien to be in if they came to earth. We would expect them to be in a rocket. But if you want to put a baby to sleep usually you will ‘rock’ the baby, and this verb means to move from side to side. To gently rock. And so, it’s a pun here guys with the word ‘rocket’, a shuttle, some kind of vehicle for space, and the two words to ‘rock it’, right? ‘Rock it’, as in, rock the thing from side to side.
How do you put a baby alien to sleep? You rocket.
Alright. So, today’s expression, guys, is ‘to spit the dummy’, ‘to spit the dummy’. So, I wonder if you guys have ever heard this expression before. It’s a pretty common one here in Australia. My dad used to use this expression on me all the time as a kid any time I would get upset, he would say that I was spitting the dummy. But we’ll go through the definition for the expression after we describe the words in the expression. Okay.
So, the verb ‘to spit’, the verb ‘to spit’. ‘To spit’ or ‘to spit something’ is to eject something from a mouth. Okay? So, usually, this will be a person, for example, or some kind of animal, with a mouth, and if it spits something out of its mouth, it’s that it has ejected that thing out of its mouth. So, I could spit saliva out of my mouth, you know? A cobra, a snake, could spit venom. And a volcano could spit lava. Okay? So, that’s ‘to spit’.
‘A dummy’. ‘A dummy’ can be several things. ‘A dummy’ can be a model or replica of a human being. So, for instance, if you’re doing CPR on a practice replica of a human, CPR as in you are doing… I can’t remember what that stands for, but you’re trying to resuscitate the person… I think it’s Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation. So, you’re trying to breathe air into that person or you’re pushing on the person’s chest to make their heart inflate and deflate, to pump blood around. So, if it’s a model, that’s ‘a dummy’. You’re playing with the dummy person.
But ‘dummy’ can also be an object designed to resemble and serve as a substitute for the real thing, for the usual thing. Okay? So, it’s anything that can be used to substitute something else.
But in the case of, I guess, a baby and this expression, ‘a dummy’ is a pacifier. It is the plastic, the soft plastic, thing that resembles a woman’s nipple, you know? when babies are breastfeeding, they like to suck on the woman’s nipple in order to drink the milk, but a dummy is that soft plastic thing that resembles a nipple that the baby can suck on to stay calm. Okay? That is ‘a dummy’, and Americans call that ‘a pacifier’.
Enjoying Aussie English?
Support AE on Patreon today so I can bring you even better content!
Expression Definition & Origin:
Alright, guys, so the expression ‘to spit the dummy’. I think this is very Australian, and, okay so, if you use this with Americans or British people they may need an explanation as to what you mean, but it’s very common here in Australia. You’ll see it in the media. You’ll see it on TV.
‘To spit the dummy’ means to behave in a bad-tempered or petulant way. So, to suddenly lose your temper. And it’s often used to infantilise someone, to liken someone to a baby getting upset. So, you have to be careful when you use this, because you’re likening them to being a child getting upset. So, it kind of trivialises the thing, the issue, over which they’re getting upset. So, journos and pollies will often use this expression, journalists and politicians, they’ll use ‘to spit the dummy’ when referring to people they don’t like or other politicians, usually in order to trivialise or infantilise what it is they’re getting upset about, to say it’s childish, okay? ‘To spit the dummy’: to suddenly lose your temper in a petulant kind of way.
So, you’ll also see other expressions similar to this one like ‘a dummy spitter’, and that is someone who spits the dummy. That is ‘a dummy spitter’.
Or ‘a dummy spit’, which is the action of spitting the dummy. The reason for which or that that series of events where you have spat the dummy, that is ‘a dummy spit’.
So, a dummy spitter can spit the dummy, and when they do so, it’s called a dummy spit.
Alright so, the origin of this expression is probably pretty obvious to you guys. If you spit the dummy, it’s obviously a colourful expression that invokes an image of a baby getting upset, so upset that it spit its dummy out of its mouth so it can cry and howl incredibly loudly to get everyone’s attention. So, it makes it a fun way to describe an adult losing his or her temper.
So, as usual guys, let’s go through some examples of how I would use this expression.
So, example number one, imagine that you are literally a baby, you’re a baby, you’re getting upset. Maybe you’ve got gas, maybe you can’t reach a toy, or maybe you want to be fed, or you need a nappy changed. You’re a baby and you’re getting upset. If you suddenly lose your temper and get upset and start to cry, it’s that you’re spitting the dummy. You could be doing this literally where you have a dummy in your mouth, and you have to spit that dummy out, spit it out of your mouth in order to cry. So, you’re literally spitting the dummy. But if you don’t have the dummy in your mouth, it’s figurative. You’re getting upset. You’re spitting the dummy. Okay? And if you do this quite often, your parents might consider you a dummy spitter, and they might ask, “What was the reason that he spat the dummy? What was the dummy spit over? What was the reason for it?”.
Example number two. Okay, imagine that you are a lawyer. You’re a woman working in a law firm. So, you’re vying for a new job. You want a new position at this law firm. There’s a promotion coming up or something like that, it’s available. But there’s only a single position and there’s many different lawyers going for this spot. They’re all competing. If you don’t get this promotion or this position, but you think that you easily were the best candidate and you should have definitely beat everyone else, you might get upset and you might get angry, and if you do this in a bit of a childish manner, you’ve spat the dummy. You’ve spat the dummy because you didn’t get the job. So, you’re acting like a bit of a child. Your boss might get annoyed. He might say, “I think you’re spitting the dummy a bit, you know? You’re getting upset. You’re being a bit childish. You’re spitting the dummy.”. He might say too, “There’s no need to spit the dummy. Don’t be a dummy spitter!”.
Alright example number three, guys. Imagine that you are a kid opening your presents on Christmas Day. So, it’s Chrissie and you’re opening your prezzies. Some good Aussie slang for you there, guys. ‘Chrissy’ and ‘prezzies’. And you’re really hoping for a new bike. So, you’re hoping that Santa has brought you a new bike. He’s wrapped it up in some paper, he’s put it under the Christmas tree, and you’re opening it on Christmas Day, but you find out it’s not a bike. So, you lose your temper, because you didn’t get what you wanted from Santa or from your parents. So, if you spit the dummy, your parents might say to you, “Don’t be so selfish. Don’t be ungrateful. Don’t overreact.”. They’ll say, “Don’t spit the dummy! You might get a bike for your birthday, but if he keeps spitting the dummy like this, you definitely won’t. And Santa doesn’t bring good gifts to kids who spit the dummy. (There’s) No reason to spit the dummy.”.
All right guys good job. So, by now, I hope you understand the expression ‘to spit the dummy’. It’s Australian slang, and remember that it means to behave in a bad-tempered or petulant way, so kind of childish, or suddenly losing your temper, alright? And remember that if you use this on someone it is somewhat infantilising, okay? It makes them seem like they’re being a child.
So, as usual, let’s go through the listen and repeat exercise, guys, and then we’ll go through the Aussie Fact. So, listen and repeat exercise guys is where you can practice your pronunciation. So, find somewhere quiet, away from everyone, and listen and repeat after me. Try and practice your Aussie English pronunciation. Okay, so listen and repeat. Let’s go.
Listen & Repeat:
To spit the
To spit the dummy x 5
Now let’s conjugate the phrase ‘to be going to spit the dummy’ through all the different pronouns, and focus on the pronunciation and connected speech that I use here, guys, okay? Let’s go!
I’m going to spit the dummy
You’re going to spit the dummy
He’s going to spit the dummy
She’s going to spit the dummy
We’re going to spit the dummy
They’re going to spit the dummy
It’s going to spit that dummy
Great job, guys. Well done. Remember that if you would like to learn how to use the connected speech and other aspects of pronunciation from today’s listen and repeat exercise, then sign up to the Aussie English Classroom. There’s some cool stuff happening with muted consonants and contractions of “going to” becoming “gonna”. So, if you enroll, you’ll see the video that I will create showing you step by step how to pronounce all of these things like a native, and each video at the moment is about 10 minutes long. So, they’re really, really helpful.
Anyway guys, the Aussie Fact for today. The Aussie Fact was about asylum seekers, which they were talking about in the intro scene to today’s episode. So, this is a bit of a contentious issue in Australia. There’s a lot of heated debate and discussion about this by politicians, by the public, in the media. And so, I thought it would be something cool to talk about to give you some insight into Australia, okay, and why we talk about these things.
So, what’s the difference between a refugee and an asylum seeker? Let’s start with that.
A refugee is a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war persecution or natural disaster.
An asylum seeker is a refugee who is seeking asylum in another country, and in order to be successful, they have to show the reason they were forced from the country was due to reasons such as race, religion, nationality, or political opinions. So, this is according to the United Nations High Commission for Refugees.
Australia actually accepts and settles quite a few refugees. We’re in the top three countries in the world. The US accepted and settled about 100,000 last year, Canada’s accepted almost 50,000, and Australia was close to 30,000 people. So, on a per capita basis too, as a percentage of its small population, Australia actually settles more refugees than any other country in the world. That shocked me. I didn’t realise that when I was researching this.
So, refugees brought in by the government on its own terms, the support for them is second to none. They receive some of the best support in the world with regards to health care, counselling, education, and financial aid in Australia.
So, what’s the problem? Every year thousands of people try to enter Australia illegally, and many of these people do so via boat through places like Indonesia. The boats are often incredibly old or dodgy, and sometimes they’re only meant to make it one way in order to prevent being forced to travel back.
These people are smuggled. So, they’re smuggled by organised criminal gangs who make exorbitant amounts of money through the fees that they charge these poor refugees for their trip to places like Australia with no necessary promise of actually arriving here, let alone being able to stay here. This is known as human smuggling or human trafficking.
The Howard Government, which was the government in Australia in the mid-to-late 90s and early 2000s, had a strict set of border protection policies, which were dismantled by the following government, The Rudd Government, after they came to power in the early 2000s. As a result of this, 51,000 illegal maritime arrivals occurred, which included about 8,500 children, and out of this 51,000 people, about 1,200, so 1,200, died at sea, hundreds of which were children. So, there was about a 1 in 50 chance that you would die on the trip across the ocean in this time if you were an asylum seeker coming by boat.
So, due to the outcry from the public, when the Conservative Liberal government took power again in, I think, it was about 2013, they brought through some much stricter border protection policies, and this was called Operation Sovereign Borders. So, this included military ocean patrols that turn back any boat that is discovered coming to Australia in the ocean between, usually between Indonesia and Australia, as well as offshore processing for those who do arrive in Australia. And that means that even if they get here, their application for asylum is processed outside of Australia on small neighbouring islands including places like Christmas Island, Manus Island, and Nauru Island.
So, the idea with these policies was to stop people dying at sea, to stop people entering Australia illegally, and to sort of show that if you wanted to come to Australia you couldn’t jump the queue. You couldn’t be a queue jumper. You had to do so by legal means like all of the other refugees and immigrants coming to Australia. So, it was meant to show that you could not successfully get to Australia by boat, and even if you did get here, you would be processed offshore and settled in a country other than Australia. And the idea here too would be that families going through this process would pass the word on to other people in their home countries and eventually criminal gangs would stop having people to smuggle and it would all fall apart. Okay? So, that was the basic idea with how the current government has set up their border policies.
So, offshore processing, let’s chat a bit about that. This has been incredibly controversial as many people in these facilities, on offshore islands, have been there for years now. They don’t know when they’re going to leave, and they don’t know if or when they’re going to be accepted into a country. They’re living in slum-like conditions in foreign countries where the local people often don’t want them there, and they may experience racism, and they are also suffering from mental and physical health issues, and a lot of them have been self-harming. And the most disturbing part about this is the fact that a lot of children in these places as well and are self-harming.
So, that’s the controversy, guys. That’s the issue around asylum seekers in Australia. I don’t know what the answer is, but my thoughts are that I’m not opposed to immigration. Far from it. Obviously, I’m teaching English to foreigners hoping to come to Australia or who already live here. My family immigrated here from England. They weren’t here originally, obviously, we’re not aboriginals, but with the original group of colonisers who came to Australia, we were not in that group of people. But I think in order to be fair to those past immigrants who went through the legal process of immigration and coming to Australia, as well as those going through it now and those who will go through it in the future, Australia needs to be tough on queue jumpers, people trying to sneak in fast and jump over everyone else in the queue.
So, we also need to be able to control our borders too for the sake of security. We need to know who is coming into the country, why they’re coming in, and whether the reason for which they’re coming in is just.
However, I do agree that the current set up with the offshore processing is really screwed up and that, although, no lives are being lost at sea, at least reportedly by the government, it’s not the greatest set up, and offshore treatment of asylum seekers is incredibly cruel and brutal, and needs to be rethought.
Anyway guys, that’s enough for me to day, but I would love to know from you, what do you think about the asylum seeker issue in Australia? Is it too strict or is it appropriate? Let me know in a comment on the website or on Facebook.
And until next time, guys, I hope you have an amazing week. Chat soon. See ya!
Complete this episode as a course when you enroll in The Aussie English Classroom!
Each course is a comprehensive English lesson covering these areas:
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 1,690
By pete — 2 years ago
Learn Australian English pronunciation in this episode of Aussie English where I teach you how GOING TO often becomes GONNA & GOIN’A.
AE 324 – Gonna & Goin’a:
4 Of 5 Pronunciation & Connected Speech Tips
Practice your English by becoming part of the AE Transcription Mob over at the Aussie English Virtual Classroom.
Work with Chris and the others to transcribe the text for this episode of Aussie English!
This will help you learn English whilst working together as the Aussie English transcriber mob!
Become a member to get weekly lessons to improve your Aussie English!
Want to support the podcast?
Click the image below to become a supporter on Patreon today!
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 903