AE 267 – 11 Words To Mispronounce To Sound Like A Native
Welcome to this episode of Aussie English.
Today I want to talk to you about 11 different words that native speakers say incorrectly and why you should be seeing them incorrectly too.
So often spoken English is different from how it’s written, and the reason this occurs is because we’re trying to convey ideas by speaking, obviously, as quickly as possible.
And a lot of the time correctly pronouncing these words doesn’t lend itself to speaking quickly.
So, a lot of the time sounds change, letters are removed, or syllables are removed from words.
And I do this all the time.
Native speakers do this all the time in English.
And I’m sure it happens in your native language as well.
So, today we’re going to go through a list of words that I would say, that are reduced down, that I think you should say as well to sound like a native.
1. Clothes = “close” – / kləʊs /
All right. No. 1. “Clothes”. “Clothes”.
This is even hard for me to say, especially, when speaking quickly.
“I’m wearing a lot of clothes”.
So, often this one will actually get reduced down to just “clo-es”.
No “TH”. “TH” is turfed.
It’s thrown out. It’s removed. It’s ditched bye-bye “TH”. Close.
And it sounds like, “Opening the door and then closing it”. Close.
2. Asked = “ast” – / ɑːst /
No. 2. “Asked”. “Asked”.
This one, there’s quite a few different consonants in there. “S-K-T”.
It’s very difficult to say quickly.
So, we often get rid of the “K”. “Ast”.
“I as-ed him. I as-ed him a few times. What do they say. I don’t know but I as-ed him.”
“I as-ed”. “As-ed”.
3. Exactly – “ig-zak-ly” – / ɪgˈzækli /
No. 3. “Exactly”. “Exactly”.
This one gets changed as well where the “T” gets removed this time.
It gets ditched, thrown out. It’s too hard to say “Exactly”.
So, we just get rid of the “T”, and we say “exac-ly”, “exac-ly”.
“Is this right? Yeah that’s exac-ly right. That is exac-ly right.”
4. Properly – “prop-ly” – / ˈprɒpli /
No. 4. “Properly”. “Properly”.
This one, again, too many syllables.
“Do we speak properly when we’re speaking quickly.
No we speak prop-ly”. “Prop-ly”.
5. Probably – “probly” – / ˈprɒbli /
That same thing happens here in number five, “Probably”.
This one, again, too long.
We get rid of one of those syllables, and we say “Pro-bly”. It’s pro-bly not correct to say pro-bly.” “Pro-bly”.
6. Library – “li-be-ry” – / ˈlaɪbəri / “li-bry” – / ˈlaɪbri /
No. 6. “Library”. “Library”.
It’s very weird to say ”library”.
This one can be either.
You can say “Li-be-ry” or you could just say “li-bry”.
I’d probably just say “li-bry”.
“I’m going to the li-bry”.
“I’ve asked Dave and he said he’s going to the li-bry. Is that true? Exac-ly.“
7. February – “Fe-bu-ry” – / ˈfɛbʊri /
No. 7. “February”. “February”.
This one sort of like library.
Those two “R’s” in there a bit weird.
So, this one is going to be said as “Feb-ury” “Fe-bu-ry”.
“I’m going to the li-bry in Feb-ury. Pro-bly. I’m not sure, but yeah pro-bly.”
8. Laboratory – “Lab-ro-to-ry” – / ləˈbrətəri /
No. 8 “Laboratory”.
Again, too long. Cut that stuff down.
“Lab-ratory” or even just a lab. But in this case “lab-ratory”.
“I’m working in the lab-ratory.”
9. Cupboard – “Cu-board” – / ˈkʌbəd /
No. 9 “Cupboard”.
No one, no one anywhere would ever say “cupboard”, “cupboard”.
There’s two consonants in there, the “P” and the “B”, and we just say the “B”.
“I’m going to open the cu-board, and I’m going to put my li-bry books in the cu-board pro-bly, but I need to make sure that they’re arranged pro-ply.”
10. Chocolate – “Choc-lit” – / ˈʧɒklɪt /
No. 10 “Chocolate”,
It’s actually spelt kind of weird.
But this I would say as “Choc-late”.
And I think most native speakers would say that as well.
“Choc-late”. You wouldn’t say “chocolate”.
Too long. “Choc-late”.
11. Different – “Diff-rent” – / ˈdɪfrənt /
No. 11 “Different”.
And this goes for “difference” as well.
We would just say “diff-rent” or “diff-rence”.
“What’s the diff-rence? I can’t tell the diff-rence. There’s no diff-rence. It’s the same they’re not diff-rent.”
And I’ll give you a bonus one.
12. Wednesday – “Wenz-day” – / ˈwɛnzdeɪ /
No. 12 “Wednesday”.
This one, it’s so weird, I know.
No one would ever say it like that.
This isn’t even a matter of contracting it down to something that’s said incorrectly.
No one would say “Wednesday”.
I do say this in my head when I’m trying to spell it, but when I’m speaking it’s just “Wens-day”, “Wens-day”.
So I hope you watched that episode guys try and learn to say these correctly, obviously, but practice them incorrectly like a native as well, because it will allow you to blend in and sound a lot more like it.
Good luck guys. Keep at it.
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About the AuthorI learn languages, teach Australian English, and love all things science and nature!
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AE 338 – Interview: Lorena Tells Us How Go Study Australia Gives Students The Best Australian Experience!By pete — 1 year ago
AE 338 – Interview:
Lorena Tells Us How Go Study Australia Gives Students The Best Australian Experience!
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English. I’ve got a bit of a special episode for you guys today, where we’re going to listen to an interview that I did this morning. Recently, Lorena from Go Study contacted me, and go study is a wonderful company in Australia that represents people typically coming from European countries like France, Spain, Italy, etc. and wanting to come to Australia, they’re wanting to come here as students, and Go Study is a free service where these guys act as student counsellors. So, whether you want help working out where to live, how to get a job, which school to pick, these guys have connections with over 500 schools in Australia, Lorena was telling me today. If you need advice on how to make a résumé, how to find and meet other people learning English or other Australians, how to file a tax return, all of this kind of information, if you’ve signed up to become a student already and you’re planning on studying in Australia, Go Study Australia is a free service, it’s 100 percent free for you guys to get assistance if you need help with anything, if you have any kind of worries. Lorena herself was from Spain. She had a French colleague in there, two other Italian colleagues, and I believe another Spanish speaking colleague as well working in Melbourne.
These guys are found all over Australia, in Sydney, in Brisbane in Perth, and Melbourne, and they’re also found in Europe. So, whether you’re in Australia currently studying somewhere and you need assistance or some kind of help or just a student adviser, you know, you want advice with regards to any of these things in English or in your native language Italian, Spanish, or French, Go Study Australia is for you. And if you’re over in Europe at the moment hoping to come to Australia contacting these guys is definitely the way to go, because again it’s 100 percent free. So, anyway, Lorena sent me an email, and in the spirit of full disclosure to guys she told me everything about Go Study Australia, what they’re passionate about, which is helping people from Europe come to Australia to get settled, and to help them live their dream in Australia while they’re studying here or potentially to move and eventually live here permanently. But she told me that the schools are the ones that fund Go Study Australia. Right? So, you guys sign up to study. You have to pay your fees to the school, and the school hires services like Go Study Australia to obviously take care of its students, to help with all of the other things outside of the schools as well as the schools themselves. And so, they have a program set up where they get ambassadors on board to be a part of this program, which is something that Lorena has asked me to become a part of. And for every student that signs up that says, “Hey, I heard about you through Aussie English and I’m coming because of Aussie English.” I’ll get 100 dollars. So, I’m just telling you that in the spirit of full disclosure. If you guys want to come to Australia or if you’re already in Australia and you want a really good service that is 100 percent free for you guys, I really recommend Go Study Australia.
I went down there today to hang out with her and her team, and I also interviewed her so that she could give you guys the information first hand. So, you can hear it from the horse’s mouth, straight from the horse’s mouth. And yeah, if you want to give a little bit of support to Aussie English and you’re looking for some kind of assistance while studying Down Under signing up to be a part of Go Study Australia and letting them know that you came from being suggested by Aussie English will send a hundred dollars my way to help me keep doing what I’m doing. And to put a little bit of icing on the cake, guys, I’m going to offer anyone who ends up signing up with Go Study Australia a half an hour free lesson with me via Skype. So, all you have to do is obviously sign up through Go Study Australia send me an email at TheAussieEnglishpodcast(at)gmail.dot com, and then we’ll set up a time to do a free lesson where we can talk about anything related to your English, your pronunciation, about coming to Australia, maybe you just want to chat to me in general, but you’ll get a free half an hour lesson with me as well. Anyway, let’s get into today’s episode, guys. There’s so much great information in here. Lorena tells us all about what to expect when moving to Australia. She gives us tips on how to learn English faster and what the best thing for students is to do with regards to finding a job, finding somewhere to live, all of this really good staff. And yeah, let’s get into it.
Pete: Alright guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English. I am down at Go Study Australia with Lorena. Thank you for inviting me down.
Lorena: Yeah, no worries. Thanks for having me.
Pete: So, she sent me an e-mail recently, told me about what they did. And I thought it would be the best opportunity to come down, interview her, find out a bit about her, what her experiences have been in Australia, and give you guys obviously the down low.
Lorena: A little bit of information. Yeah, so, here at Go Study Australia we we’re a student agency. So, what we do is students who have just arrived to Australia to sort of settle in. We sort of do a couple stages, right. So, we help students who have just arrived in Australia and just landed, opened their TFNs (Tax File Numbers), activate their health insurances, and do a little bit of the first steps in Australia, right? And then we help throughout the entire process while they’re here. That’s basically what we do. We open our doors to any students, you know, that they need a little bit of help and a little bit of guidance throughout their Aussie experience.
Pete: So, what are the biggest issues they sort of come in in contact with? When they when they come here they tend to sort of need specific help with straight off the bat?
Lorena: I guess, the main thing would be looking for jobs and having some of their first experience in Australia. What they first want to do is, you know, come here and try to find a job super super quick. So, that’s sort of the main thing that we help. And we actually do job sessions with students, and we help them review their CV (curriculum vitae), and do everything that they need in order to get you going. The other thing is English, obviously, and that’s sort of where you come in. (We) try to.
Pete: I try to.
Lorena: To try to teach students and give them a little bit of insight. One of the one of the things that students actually tell us all the time is, “Oh, the Australian accent, you know. It’s so different from what we learn in Spain or what we learn in Italy.” The accent or certain terminology, you guys tend to abbreviate everything. Right, that’s sort of, you know.
Pete: We can’t make it too easy for you.
Lorena: And most of the students are studying English here anyway. So they sort of get that extra push from the school. But it’s good to have a little bit of extra tips of, you know, what things mean here in Australia.
Pete: So, if they ever hit you up with specific questions with regards to like the accent or specific words you hear again and again and again.
Lorena: Well, one thing that a lot of students are baffled by is “ta”. People just land here, and you’ve always been sort of told that, you know, “Thank you” is what people say, or “Thanks” is the maximum, but people then start hearing “Ta”. And people come here and they’re like, “What? Lorena, what is “Ta”? Why are people telling me “Ta” all the time?” Yeah, that’s sort of the main one.
Pete: That’s so funny, because that was one of those ones where I didn’t even think about it until I had someone asking me. And I only… now I notice it everywhere. Every time I go… I’m working at the restaurant as a waiter. I take anything at any table, and instantly I know someone’s Australian if they’re like, “Oh, ta!”.
Lorena: Yeah. I didn’t notice. I mean, I grew up learning, you know, English, and I’ve always sort of had… I have no problem, you know, with understanding English. And I didn’t notice it until my partner said, “Oh, I learned to be in school that “Ta” means, “Thank you”.” And then I started hearing it everywhere. It’s like, “What do you mean…?”. And now everybody is like “Ta”.
Pete: And we also use it with kids. We’ll say, “Ah, ta, ta!”, as in, like, “Give me it”, “Ta”, like, “Hand it over.
Lorena: Yeah, so it’s very… you’ve got to learn it from very little yeah.
Pete: I think it probably comes from that where it’s a lot easier to say even “Thank you” as a small child. So, we just learnt “Ta”.
Lorena: Well, you guys like to abbreviate everything. I think that’s what I’ve learned about my experience here in Australia.
Pete: So, how long did that take to get your head around? All of the abbreviations, the slang, I don’t know…
Lorena: Well, the funny thing, because actually, you know, when you come to Australia you start sort of researching, and I was working in your study in the Madrid office for three years, so I sort of had my head around, you know, Australian culture and everything, and every once in a while, you get videos on YouTube and stuff like that of how Australian people see this thing, right?
Pete: All those accent comparison ones.
Lorena: Exactly. So, it’s nice, you know, like, you start, sort of, you know about what they are. But when you come here you truly start…
Pete: So, was it a shock for you? And do you find that other students have… like, I’ve heard that from people who had no exposure to the Australian accent before getting here. But for someone who did have somewhat of a previous exposure, was it still a shock when you got and surrounded by it.
Lorena: Well, not so much as a shock, right. I think it’s more of, “Oh that’s true. They actually do it.” Right?
Pete: So, they actually are as weird as they appear.
Lorena: So, a lot of times you think, oh, you know, when you think about stereotypes of any nationality, “Oh Spanish do this” or “Italian people do this”, then sometimes it’s an exaggeration. So, you assume that Australians, you know, the portrayal of Australians is an exaggeration, but then it’s not. People are, like, actually talking like that.
Pete: So, what were some examples? Did you have anywhere you go and you’re like, “Oh my gosh! Crocodile Dundee is in every other store.”
Lorena: “It’s there.” I think the word “Arvo” is something that I thought people just said it online that, “Oh yeah the Australians say “arvo” all the time”, and then when you come.
Pete: As a joke?
Lorena: Yeah. And then you come here and they’re like, “Oh, I’ll see you this arvo!”. What do you mean? What’s “arvo”?
Pete: Are you saying that ironically?
Lorena: Are you making fun of me? But I think that a lot of students come here with the expectation that it’s going to be a little bit tough at the beginning. But then when they come here they’re like, “Oh actually, Aussie English…”
Pete: That’s what I’ve found, like, it’s not… it doesn’t take too long for them to get used to it. They have that sort of fear of, “Oh, I’ve only ever watched, you know, British TV or American TV, and what am I going to do?”. And then I get here and you’re like, “Look, it’s kind of hard, but you’ll get it within like a month or two.”
Lorena: Yeah, I mean after a while you sort of pick up on it. And once you’ve heard “Arvo” one time, maybe you get weirded out the first time, right? You’re like, “Oh, arvo!?”. But then you know what it is. So people just keep on, you know, using it. So…
Pete: So, how long have you been learning English then? ‘Cause you obviously, you know, reached a very very high level.
Lorena: So, actually I’ve… I cheated, right? So, I have learnt English when I was very little. I grew up in Italy, in Rome, and then I went to an American school there and then I did my bachelor degree in the US in a small town called Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in Pennsylvania. Very tiny. And then, I’ve been here in Australia for two years. I wish I could pick up the Australian accent, which I love. I think it’s so much fun.
Pete: Why is that the case? Why would you like to speak like us?
Lorena: I don’t know. I don’t know. It sounds, you know, like funky and… I think of all of the English accents, (the) Australian accent is my favourite one.
Pete: It seems to either be the favourite or the most hated.
Lorena: I know. But the American… I’ll apologise for American accent. I shouldn’t say that, but I do not like my American accent. I guess it’s just inevitable.
Pete: So, did you pick that up at school or did you pick that up once you got to America?
Lorena: I think it’s just, you know, I’ve learned English since very little, and it’s always been very intentional, because it wasn’t… you know, I didn’t learn English in America, right? I learned English in a small school, in a small international school surrounded by Italian people, Spanish people, French. So, it was very international. So, we also had sort of a neutral sort of accent so to speak. But then, all of the shows that you see are American. And then, obviously, I did my bachelor’s degree for four years in the US. So, I think, I guess it just sort of sticks to you.
Pete: I always found that aspect to that weird. Like, I watch so much American TV and films that it’s almost stranger when you see an Australian on one of these things. They stick out like a sore thumb. You’re just like, “Ohhhh”. I remember watching Lost and that blonde girl appearing on it, and you just being like, “oh what’s that accent!?”, and then you realise she’s Australian.
Lorena: Oh, that’s my accent.
Pete: And it’s funny how goes both ways where we understand everything… I can even tell you, you know, you’ll hear accents and you’ll be like “Oh they’re from south (of America) or they’re from, you know, New York or, oh they’re from California.”, and yet Americans will hear our accent and be like, “We didn’t understand any of that.”, ’cause they just get no exposure.
Lorena: Yeah. Yeah true. And it’s weird with accents, yeah? So, I guess you see that a lot. People pick up different accents. My partner has been studying English here in Australia, and when he came he didn’t have a lot of English. And now he’s picked up words, you know, and say things in Australian, which… it’s weird to me, sometimes. You know, a Spanish accent with Australian.
Pete: I love that mix though. That’s really good. But bringing it back to Go Study. So, what would you recommend for people who are wanting to come to Australia, how can we make that transition as effortless as possible?
Lorena: Yeah, well, we always recommend students to feel free to always ask for help. Our doors are always open. We have offices here in Melbourne. We have offices Sydney, and Brisbane, and in Perth, as well, obviously, in Spain, Italy, and France. And what I would recommend is, you know, just ask for help whenever you need it. Sometimes it’s hard when you come in to a new culture or a new country and you’re by yourself, and sometimes having a little niche of your own home is nice to have. And so, we always recommend, you know, if you’re in need just to come here and get some help. We do offer all kinds of help with jobs, with CVs, with their experience here. We also do a lot of events. So, we gather of people, and it’s also good for them to sort of mingle with other cultures and especially with other English-speaking people to practice. That’s the difficult part, the experience in Australia. A lot of students come and they’re sort of going to school, surrounded by international people, inevitably, as soon as you hear your own language it’s easy to sort of, you know, stick to that. What we push students to do is get out of their comfort zone, and meet people don’t speak your same language. That’s the only way that you’re really going to get… and I’m sure you’ve seen it. A lot of people maybe might know how to read it, how to write it, they might listen (to) it super well, but then in the moment that comes to speaking it’s the part where they struggle the most.
Pete: I think it’s like a muscle. Any time you practice reading and writing, you can do as passive things incredibly easily, but as soon as you want to do something active, a lot of the time, I think, especially Asian speakers, have trouble with this. And I don’t know if they have a culture where it’s not encouraged to make mistakes and to sort of go out of your way to speak as much as possible. Whereas, I think, on the other end of that, I’ve met… I think Brazilians are probably some of the most sort of active “I don’t give a shit. I’ll speak. I don’t care about making mistakes”
Lorena: I’ll just do it!
Pete: And yeah, so it’s almost like you just have to practice, you know, just getting out there and speaking as much as possible in order to work that muscle and strength, but…
Lorena: Yeah, it’s the most important part, right? So, we create a lot of environments for the students in which they’re sort of obligated, right, to step outside of their comfort zone, and meet new people, and being in a room even if you’re in a room with other people you stick your same language, if there’s people in the room then inevitably even with the people that you can speak the same language you will try your best to speak in English just as a, you know.
Pete: I’ve been so impressed with that. I’ve had… my housemate is Turkish, and she always brings over Turkish people, Turkish friends that she has, and they’ll all been speaking Turkish, and the moment I enter the room it just switches to English. And, I’ll just be like, “Do you guys actively… are focusing on that?”. And they’re like, “Yeah, somewhat.”. And I’m like isn’t it harder thought, like, if you always… I feel almost bad now, ’cause every time I walk in and five of them have to switch the language they’re using, I’m like, “Eh, just hang out. It’s fine. I’m leaving.”
Lorena: Well, I think it’s a matter of, you know, sort of respect. We’ve all been at the other end in which you in a room and everybody is speaking Dutch and you’re like, “oh what are they saying.
Pete: Yeah that’s it. I’m going to go stand outside in the rain.
Lorena: Yeah, you sort of feel more… especially, with Europeans, we do a lot of European students, and that notion, you understand immediately. It’s like oh there’s like one person in the room that doesn’t speak Spanish everybody else does, but just make that person feel welcome in the group we’re going to all speak English. And it’s easier. It’s easier when you are sort of in contact with people that don’t they don’t speak your mind.
Pete: What are the biggest mistakes that people can make when they get here with regards to friendship groups, getting a job, writing a CV? Do you have any quick and dirty tips?
Lorena: Yeah stay away from your own nationalities. Yeah, that’s a biggest mistake. So…
Pete: And if you’re Colombian that doesn’t mean you can just go and hang out with Chileans.
Lorena: Exactly that. Stay away from people that speak the same language as you do. I think that the… I think it’s neat, you know, human nature really.
Pete: Well it’s a path of least resistance, right?
Lorena: Yeah, exactly. What is the most comfortable thing? As soon as you can be comfortable you’ll sort of go into that mode. We always push students to, you know, meet people from other nationalities. Go out there. Try to… when you hear, for example for Spanish speaks, when you hear Spanish, leave the room, go (to) another place. If you’re French, if you hear French, just go to another place. (It) doesn’t mean that you… Because everyone… now and then it’s nice to sort of have that, the idea of saying, “OK. Well look, I’ve been speaking English since nine o’clock in the morning.
Pete: Especially, I guess, if you’re at that still beginning/intermediate level…
Lorena: It can be tiring.
Pete: It can be such hard work. Yeah, where you’ve got to be working it constantly. And then you’re just like, “I just want to be able to… almost just breath properly. Have a proper conversation.”.
Lorena: Yeah, sometimes it’s good. And actually, this is also sort of the philosophy that we have here in Go Study Australia, it’s a little bubble of home. So, we have people here who speak French, who speak Italian, who speak Spanish. So, also speaking of things related to jobs, to your friends, are tax returns. Sometimes speaking it an English, which is not your first language, might be a little bit hard. So, it’s good that you have that bubble sometimes that you can come in. But, the most important thing to remember is that you came to Australia to learn English, and to sort of immerse yourself in the culture. And if you automatically only make friends in your own nationality group or sort of speaking group it defeats the purpose. Then you could’ve just… yeah…
Pete: It’s pretty crazy, isn’t it? I’ve met people who’ve moved here and instantly found other French people to move in with. And that was… it’s good in one sense that you have a home straight away, you potentially have a job if you know them. But they’ve been six months and still don’t speak a lick of English. They can barely, you know, put a sentence together. And then, I’ve met other people who start from the very beginning with nothing, and within five or six months they’re fluent, and it’s just crazy.
Lorena: Yeah. I think that yeah, the people… we see it here all the time. Students that… or the students that are the ones that really are successful at their experience in Australia are the ones that have tried their best to go around their comfort zone. Again, everybody likes to be comfortable and being in a situation where you don’t have to struggle, but.
Pete: But growth doesn’t come until you start looking for the edges.
Lorena: Exactly. It’s that struggle that will push you to be better, that will push you to sort of adapt to the situation. And especially, and I noticed this with my partner as well, in the moment that he’s outside of sort of the comfort zone is when his brain really starts to think in English, and, “Ok, I have to think about this word”. If he’s in a situation where he’s automatically speaking English, even if it’s very easy, it’s not challenging so it won’t push him to get.
Pete: It’s like going to the gym. You don’t go there and lift everything once.
Lorena: Exactly. Yeah.
Pete: Oh, that’s really cool. That’s really cool. So, what else would you say with regards to finding a job, can you do that too early? Do you need a certain level? Are there certain kinds of jobs that lend themselves better to specific levels in English? Or, just give everything a go and see what happens?
Lorena: Well, one thing that we tell students always is never say no.
Pete: Yeah. I’m trying to tell myself that all of the time at the moment as well.
Lorena: It’s sort of the best advice that you can give anyone. Don’t say no, just say yes to everything. Be open to any possibilities. Obviously, there’s certain things that your English will sort of have an impact on their relationship or the things that you’re going to do. If you have 0 level of English, the idea is, OK well find a place where you are not obviously in front of the public. So, a lot of students that come and don’t have a lot of English, they’ll look for jobs in hospitality, but like being a runner or dishwasher. You’re still going to have the surrounding in which you’re in the kitchen. People are going to speak English, and you’re still going to have that immersion of English, but obviously you know how, you know, how to speak you can speak to the public. And then, eventually you’ll start sort of moving forward.
Pete: And the way to look at that, I feel too, is that a lot of the time once you get to that point if you’re getting paid, you know, even if it’s only 15, 17, 20 bucks an hour to be a waiter, you’re getting paid to learn English whilst also just take food to tables, and you just get repeated conversations. They tend to be pretty easy and basic as well, ’cause you don’t really get into anything too existential, but it’s good practice.
No, but it’s good, because you’re… Yeah, it’s very good practice. And a lot of the students come here and they’ll be in school either in the morning or the afternoon, and the English that you learn in school is not the same English that you’ll get in the street or at work. So, having that complement. We see it all the time with students who just do English course, but then they never work or they never have a life outside. They’ll sort of reach… So, at the beginning they’ll start learning a lot of English and then they reach a plateau.
Pete: But they’re not using it.
Lorena: Right? And then they see they’re like, “Oh! I’m so frustrated. Why am I not learning more? Why am I stuck here?”. Right? At the beginning, you see it because you… Two, three months that you’re here you just go *up* supper fast, yeah? And then, you see it and you’re super glad that you’re doing it. And then, you reach a plateau and you’re like, “Oh, dammit! I want to do more!”, and that more it comes from being outside, from you finding a job, finding people that don’t speak your language, and get that sort of motivation outside of the comfort zone, and yeah.
Pete: So, what’s the best combination of all of that, friendship, work, and school? A bit of everything? As opposed to focusing on any single one.
Lorena: Yeah. I think that it’s an important balance of all three. We are very keen and we see the importance obviously of students actually having an education. So, going and doing an English course, or doing avocational course, and once they have a little bit more of their level of English to keep that sort of brain going, right? ‘Cause you need that stimulation to go. You obviously then need to sort of put it together with work and with social life. So, the most important… I don’t think there’s one more important than the other. You’re going to learn different aspects of different things in all three, right? So, the conversation that you have a work will not be the same conversation that you have in school, and will not be the same conversation that you have with your friends while you’re having a beer, right? So, that sort of combination of all, 33-33-33% each, yeah?
Pete: Yeah, but it’s synergistic, right? Where they may all be at 33%, but it ends up being 110% as opposed to if you spend 100% working on just one of them. You end up getting a lot.
Lorena: Yeah. Yeah exactly. And so, it’s more rotund, right, if you just get that experience of the entire three little pieces.
Pete: And so how can students find the best school? Obviously, this is where you guys come in as well. You just recommend just coming to you guys, and then you’re the problem solvers making this as easy as possible.
Lorena: Yeah, basically, we do see ourselves as problem solvers. Our role is to guide the student through the entire process. So, we’re experts at education in Australia. So, that’s where sort of our expertise comes in. We will help the student sort of be guided, and we’ll sit with the student, talk about what his goals are, what he wants to get out of the experience in Australia. And, we work with more than 500 schools all around Australia.
Pete: That’s brilliant.
Lorena: So, I mean in the end we’re… in those 500 options, there has to be something for everyone, right?
Pete: Yeah, definitely.
Lorena: We will guide them, we’ll sit down, we’ll talk about, you know, “what do you want to do?”, and then we’ll all try to obviously find something that will meet all of their requirements. So, we do a lot of English courses, and we do a lot of vocational as well. A lot of students prefer to go into the vocational once they’ve been sort of… they come here, they do six months or eight months of English, and then they want to extend their stay, and say, “look, I want to stay”. (The) student visa’s the sort of easiest way to be able to expend the knowledge in order to stay in Australia. And vocational courses is a good way of keep doing English, but a little bit more focussed in your sort of area of expertise. So, there’s a lot of different options, and we always invite students to just come in, and we’ll just sit down and have a conversation in English, if you want, or in your own language with one of our experienced counsellors, and sort of guide though the entire process to get their studies going.
Pete: Oh, brilliant. And so, before we finish up if you recommend any city in Australia to come, if you’re coming straight from overseas, which is a going to be? And you’re allowed to say, “Not, Melbourne.
Lorena: Actually, I would say Melbourne. Yeah! Oh yeah! I would say Melbourne, because for me Melbourne has it all, except for the weather.
Pete: Well, we have that as well it just tends to be in a single day.
Lorena: Yeah. I think Melbourne has the entire experience of what a student might want. It has the Australian experience, it has social life. it has a lot of work opportunities. I think it offers a lot of things to students. It has, you know, it has been voted most liveable city for seven years in a row. So, (that) has to count for something.
Pete: I still keep like… Why??
Lorena: You’re still like, “Why.
Pete: Surely, there must be better places somewhere else.
Lorena: But, I think that Melbourne, of all the cities in Australia, sort of gives you… obviously, all cities will give you a little bit of… It depends on what you’re looking for, right? But, Melbourne, if you want the whole experience, the whole package, I think Melbourne is the best place to be.
Pete: And what’s been the best thing that you’ve seen whether in Melbourne, or just Victoria, or Australia as a whole since you got here?
Lorena: Well, I haven’t travelled too much around Australia, ’cause I’m always in the office. But, actually, I think the best thing that I’ve seen so far… Well there’s two things. Something… you’ll be like, “that’s really not that great”, which is the penguins in St. Kilda.
Pete: That’s pretty cute. Did you see the water rats there as well?
Lorena: Yes, I did. They’re pretty cute, too.
Pete: I have a PhD in water rats, or not water rats, but Australian rats. And so, that’s why I’m like, “Yeah.
Lorena: I think that’s… My colleague Matap brought me there the first week that I was here. And, I was just amazed. Little penguins.
Pete: Yeah, they’re pretty cute and the sounds they’re making out there.
Lorena: And then, the other thing that I really loved was Wilson’s Prom(ontory). Yeah. That for me was the best thing that I’ve seen in Australia so far.
Pete: Did you go to Squeaky Beach and do the *stamps feet*?
Lorena: Yes. And go like this *stamps feet* all the time. And, yeah, I think those are the two favourite things. Obviously, I still have to see a lot of Australian. Australia’s very big.
Pete: Oh, man, I have to see a lot of Australian. There’s plenty of things I haven’t seen. Yeah.
Lorena: It’s very big, yeah?
Pete: It’s huge. I don’t think I’ve… I haven’t Uluru, I haven’t been to Perth, (I) haven’t been to Darwin.
Lorena: Yeah, sort of when you have it close to you sometimes you’re like, “Ah, I’ll go. At some point, I’ll go.”.
Pete: Exactly, and then it just never happens. So, I guess wrapping up, what’s the best way that students can get in touch with you, or listeners, viewers can get in touch with you?
Lorena: So, well we can… just walk in, obviously. You can write an e-mail to Melbourne(at)GoStudy.com.au, go to our website. It depends on the city that you sort of want to explore. If you’re in Melbourne, obviously, we’ll be able to help you, but we have offices elsewhere. But yeah, our website, our Facebook page.
Pete: Same for students overseas as well?
Lorena: For students overseas, it’s better that they contact their local office, whether they be Spain or Italy or France. But, I mean, we… if I get an email or if I get a contact from any student who’s elsewhere, who’s not here, I’ll direct them to the right direction.
Pete: Ah brilliant.
Lorena: Yeah, anyone who needs a little bit of help or needs sort of a little bit of extra push inside of Australia, feel free to contact Go Study Australia.
Pete: Awesome. Thanks Lorena!
Lorena: Thank you Pete!
So, I hope you enjoyed that episode of Aussie English, guys. I hope you enjoyed that interview. Remember, if you want to sign up to use the free service that is Go Study Australia, to make your life a lot easier once you get here, whether you want to find a job, whether you need help filling out your tax return, finding somewhere to live, paying your rent, meeting other people, socialising. Any of that stuff once you get here in Australia, you can do so go to www.GoStudy.com.au. And remember, if you sign up and you say that you’ve come from Aussie English, not only are you sending $100 my way to help me support myself and continue to make content for you guys, but if you email me at TheAussieEnglishPodcast(at)gmail.com and let me know that you’ve told them that Aussie English referred you, we can organise a free half an hour lesson on Skype where we can work together to take your English to the next level. So that’s it for today guys. I’ll chat to you soon. All the best.
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By pete — 2 years ago
AE 279 – Expression: To Hook Up
How’s it going? Welcome to this expression episode of Aussie English.
I’m back. I’m back from Lord Howe Island. I was there for a week.
I haven’t put up too much on YouTube or the podcast, obviously, in the last two weeks I think it is, because I successfully submitted my PhD, finally.
So that’s in. That’s gone. That’s out for review.
It’s been sent by the university out to two reviewers who I don’t know.
They’re going to look at the PhD, my doctorate, my thesis, and read it.
They’re going to mark it.
And then, they’re going to send it back for me to make changes, probably a few changes.
Hopefully nothing too major.
It’ll take quite a bit of work if I have to run analyses on certain, you know, bits of data, and stuff like that, but hopefully, it’ll be rewording, rephrasing, maybe reworking a little analysis here or there.
We’ll see what happens.
And hopefully, I can get that back within the next three months.
So I’m hoping to get it back before… What will that be… Maybe October?
And then, make the changes and send it to the university as completed.
Aside from that, obviously, I went to Lord Howe Island. That was amazing.
I have put up a few videos so far on YouTube just for day one.
I just show a little bit about what we did and where I was staying on the island.
I also put up something about fig trees, a little video about the Lord Howe Ireland Banyan fig tree, which is an amazing fig tree that sends down roots from its branches that then turn into trunks.
And there’s some amazing facts in that episode on YouTube at the moment.
I will put it up on the podcast, but I’m hoping to sit down and do a sort of review episode of the entire trip, and put that on the podcast first.
Aside from that, I have some other really good news.
I’m going to be an uncle. I’m going to be an uncle. My sister is pregnant.
She got pregnant at the start of this year.
I think maybe around March.
So she’s about three or four months pregnant at the moment.
And she just told me about this before we left to go to Lord Howe Island.
So she’s told the family. She’s into her second trimester.
So she’s past her first trimester. The first three months. The second trimester is now.
And then the last trimester or the third trimester is the final three months.
So yeah, she seems to be pretty happy. She’s not showing yet.
So “to show” would mean that she isn’t getting obviously pregnant yet.
I can’t see any lump on her stomach. She’s not getting fatter.
If you want to put it a little unpolitically correct, I guess we could say there, but it will happen soon, and she’s going to start getting a bit of a belly.
So that was really cool.
But, one thing I have noticed is that every conversation that anyone has when she’s around ultimately comes back to children, to being pregnant, and to babies.
So that’s taking a little while to get used to. Anyway, that’s what I’ve been up to.
That’s what I am up to at the moment in life. PhD’s done.
I had the nice holiday in Lord Howe Island for a week with the folks, with my sister and her boyfriend, and I have to get a talk ready for the next month for the PhD whilst waiting for it to come back.
But in the meantime, I’m just working, and I’m trying to do as much as possible for Aussie English.
So there’s some cool things coming up, but we’ll get to that later on.
Today’s expression episode is going to be covering the verb, the phrasal verb, “to hook up”.
So it comes from Will in the Aussie English Virtual Classroom.
He asked me to explain the phrasal verb “to hook up”, because it can be used in many many many different ways.
And so I thought I would make this episode a little bit different where we can focus on all the different meanings of “to hook up”, go through an exercise, and do a pronunciation and connected speech kind of breakdown at the end as usual.
So I should mention first, if you guys want to join the Aussie English Virtual Classroom you can do so when you sign up to the Aussie English Supporter Pack.
The Support Pack is for serious learners of not just English, but specifically Australian English, and it comes with more advanced exercises.
So I give you MP3s for each of these expression episodes that cover quite often phrasal verbs, as well as some listen and repeat exercises for your pronunciation and connected speech, because I want to help you sound like an Aussie.
It also comes with vocab lists, grammar exercises, and a slang exercise to help you use the slang that’s used in each episode.
So if you want to join up you can try it now for a dollar for a week.
The Aussie English Supporter Pack, and it supports me doing what I’m doing with Aussie English.
So I really appreciate everyone who has signed up.
Go and check it out. Let’s get into this.
So “to hook up”, to hook up with someone, to hook something up, to hook up something.
It can be used in quite a few different ways.
Let’s go through and define the words in “to hook up” first.
So a hook.
“H-O-O-K”, a hook, the noun, a hook is a curved piece of metal or wire quite often, and it’s in the shape of a U.
Sort of a U-shape.
Like the letter U it’s in that bent curved shape, and it’s quite often sharp at the end.
So if you think of what people attach to a fishing line and then put bait on in order to catch fish that is a fishing hook or just a hook.
You can use this as a verb “to hook”.
So this can mean to catch something with a hook.
So you could say, “I’ve hooked a fish on my fishing line. I’ve hooked it. It’s been caught on the hook”.
And it can also be used to mean to attach or fasten something to with hooks or a hook.
So for example, if you hang your coat up on a hook you can hook your coat up.
You’re hooking your coat up.
So that’s the verb “to hook”.
You can also use it in if you connect your caravan to your car for example or your trailer to your car, because it quite often involves a metal hook on the back of your car or on the trailer you can say that you are hooking the caravan to the car.
You’re hooking the trailer to the car.
The word “up”. I’m sure you guys know what the word “up” is.
You can use it when it’s something towards a higher place or position.
For example, “he jumped up” as opposed to “he jumped down”.
Or it can be at or to a higher level of intensity.
So for example, “I can turn the volume up”.
So it’s increasing in intensity, as opposed to “turning the volume down” or decreasing the intensity.
So let’s define the expression, well the phrasal verb, in this case “to hook up”.
This can be used in quite a few different ways guys, but before I define the specific ways that it can be used the basic idea behind cooking something up is connecting two things.
So I imagine like hooking something on to your car like a caravan or a trailer, or a fish getting hooked on a line.
It’s that idea of the thing becoming connected to it, attached to it.
So number one, it can be when something links or is linked to electronic equipment.
So for example, if I plug my light in to the power point I’m hooking it up to the power.
I’m hooking the light up to the electricity.
Number two is where “to hook up” means to be connected with something or someone.
Connected in that you are getting the thing or being given the thing.
So if I wanted to get say a good price on a car, and I go to a car salesman I could say to him, “Mate, could you hook us up with a deal? Could you give me a deal. Could you get me a deal. Can you hook me up with the deal on a car? I want a good price.”
Number three, it can be for people to meet and form a relationship.
So again, that idea of two people connecting, but this time meeting and forming a relationship.
So imagine that I went to France and I got a girlfriend in France.
I come home, and I could say to my parents, “We hooked up in France. That’s where we met. That’s where we started our relationship. Me and this girl hooked up in France. That’s where we hooked up.”
And fourth, it can mean similar to two people meeting and forming a relationship.
That’s that more sort of longer idea of a relationship a proper relationship.
It can be ways people engage in or form a casual sexual relationship.
So this is where it’s short term, and it’s quite often used when people have short term relationships usually over the period of a night or maybe even shorter than that at say a party or when they’ve met up while out clubbing or at some kind of social event.
And it can be anything from kissing to a one-night stand.
So sleeping with each other, having sex, someone stays the night.
That is “to hook up”.
So if instead of meeting this girl in France and hooking up and having a long-term relationship.
If instead I met her in France at a party and we had a physical relationship that night, whether it was just kissing or it could have been that we did sleep together and she stayed the night at my house, I could say there that I hooked up with a girl in France.
So it’s short term though in that case and again it’s that basic idea of two people connecting two people getting together, the idea of them hooking up.
So there are different ways that this phrasal verbal or this expression can be used guys.
And I want to do something a little differently today where I’m actually going to talk you through a story.
So I’ve come up with a kind of narrative, a story, here about someone building a house, getting their house built by tradies.
And we’re going to use the verb or the phrasal verb “to hook up” in all of its different cases in this story.
So let’s go through. Okay.
Definition number one you’re having a house built.
It’s a brand new house and you need to get electricity connected to your house, you need to get gas connected to your house, and you need to get water connected to your house.
So you get some tradies, you get some tradesmen, some tradies.
That’s a slang term in Australian English.
You get some tradies to hook up the utilities to your house.
And “the utilities” are electricity gas or water.
So you’re asking these tradies, whether it’s an electrician or a sparkie, which is the slang term in English “a sparkie” to hook up the electricity to the house.
You might ask a gas man to hook up the gas to the house.
And then, you’d ask a plumber to hook up the water to the house.
So it’s the basic idea of connecting the utilities to the house.
Hooking them up.
Number two, if you didn’t know any tradies, so you didn’t know any sparkies, any electricians, maybe you didn’t know any gas men, maybe you didn’t know any plumbers, you might ask your friends who know tradies or who are tradies, “Hey guys, can you hook me up with a good electrician, a good gas man, a good plumber? Do you know any good plumbers? Do you know any good gas men? Do you know any good sparkies? And if so, can you hook me up with them?”
In this case it means, “Can you connect me with these tragedies? Can you put me in contact with these tradies? Can you give me their contact information? Can you hook them up with me? Can you hook me up with them?”
So it’ll be giving me their number, their business card, their email their website, any kind of contact information.
You’re connecting the two people together.
You’re hooking them up.
So that one was in terms of connecting people with people.
So you’re getting connected with these tradies.
You’re getting hooked up with these tradies.
But imagine that the tradie that you end up getting hooked up with is having trouble getting an item they need to use, some kind of tool that they need to use.
So if they couldn’t find a hammer at a good price they might call up another friend who’s a tradie, or maybe even someone who sells hammers, and they might say to them, “Hey mate, can you give me a good price? Can you give me a deal? Can you give me a cheap hammer? Can you hook me up with a hammer? Can you hook me up with a good deal or can you just simply hook me up?” So, “Can you hook me up mate? Do you know where I can get hooked up with this stuff? Do you know anyone who can hook me up?”
That’s getting hooked up with something as opposed to two people being hooked up together.
So I imagine, okay we’re talking about these tradies again, imagine that one of these tradies is someone that you really get along with and you start forming a relationship with them as they’re building your house, and maybe you end up in a very long term relationship.
If other people ask, “How did you guys meet?” you could say, “Oh well, we hooked up when he was building my house or when she was building my house. That’s where we met. We went on a few dates after that. We connected. We started a relationship. That was when and that was where we hooked up.”
And number four, finally, if you did effectively the same thing as number three, where you met this tradie working on your house, but instead of forming a long term relationship you had a short casual sexual relationship with them, whether it was kissing, you know, having a pash, and “a pash” is slang for kissing.
So whether it was kissing that person, having a pash, or it was having a one-night stand, you know, you slept with them.
They came to your house.
That is also hooking up with someone so someone might ask you, “Did you guys hook up last night?”, and you could say, “Yep. We just hooked up. It was just a casual thing. He came to mine. She came to mine, and we hooked up.”
So those were the four main ways of using the phrasal verb to hook up guys.
And we’ll go through them just one more time defining them.
It’s where something is linked to something like power or electricity or gas.
So you might hook up the stove to the gas.
You might hook up the house to the electricity.
Number two, it’s to be connected with something or with someone.
So you might ask someone for a deal on a car or a hammer or something, and you might say, “Can you hook me up with a good price?”.
Number three it’s for people to meet somewhere and then form a relationship.
“We hooked up in France on a holiday, and it’s been an amazing relationship for the last five years ever since.”
Or it could be a very short term form of casual sexual relationship anywhere from having a pash, so kissing, to having a one night stand.
“Yeah, she came over to mine and we hooked up last night, and I haven’t spoken to her since.”
Or “Yeah, I met him at a bar, and we hooked up and had a pash in the alley, and I don’t even know his name.”
So that sort of short-term thing or long term thing like the previous one.
So they’re the different ways to use it, guys.
As usual we’ll go through a little listen and repeat exercise where this is your chance to practice your pronunciation.
So listen and repeat exactly as I do.
Listen and repeat:
I hooked up the machine.
You hooked up the machine.
He hooked up the machine.
She hooked up the machine.
We hooked up the machine.
They hooked up the machine.
So as usual guys, let’s go through a pronunciation and connected speech tip for the previous listen and repeat exercise, guys.
In this one, when you go back and listen I want you to notice the fact that I say, “hooked_up”.
So I join the two words.
This is because the word “up” starts with a vowel, and the word “hooked” ends with a consonant, a “D”.
And so I say “hooked_up”, “hooked_up”.
This happens in many languages not just English, but it’s something that you definitely want to pay attention to if you want to sound a lot more like a native, and you want your English to be a lot more fluid, to be a lot more connected, and for it to just sound a lot more natural.
So we’ll go through this exercise one more time guys.
First I’m going to emphasise the “d_up”, “hooked_up”, first and then I say it naturally again.
Listen and Repeat:
I hooked_up the machine.
You hooked_up the machine.
He hooked_up the machine.
She hooked_up the machine.
We hooked_up the machine.
They hooked_up the machine.
Now let’s do it again at native speed, at (in*) native pronunciation.
Listen and Repeat:
I hooked_up the machine.
You hooked_up the machine.
He hooked_up the machine.
She hooked_up the machine.
We hooked_up the machine.
They hooked_up the machine.
So there you are guys, I hope by now that you get what the phrase “to hook up” means.
This is really cool and nifty phrasal verb that when you use it you’re going to sound a lot more like a native as opposed to using other ways of explaining the same thing like saying, “to connect”.
Anyway, this has been a really long episode.
Guys thanks for sticking with it.
I hope you’re Aussie English is improving at light speed guys, and I will chat to you next week.
All the best.
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