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Aussie Slang Words Ending With “O”
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In this pronunciation episode of Aussie English I teach you the contracted forms of “Should not have”, which are “Shouldn’t have”, “Shouldn’t’ve” and “Shouldn’ah”.
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Pronunciation – Should not have = Shouldn’t have – shouldn’t’ve – shouldn’ah
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English. Today is yet again another Pronunciation episode, and like we’ve done in the recent past “Wouldn’t have” and “Couldn’t have”, today we’re going to do “Should not have” and it’s contracted forms “Shouldn’t have”, “Shouldn’t’ve” and “Shouldn’ah”.
Note: Remember “Should not have” and “Shouldn’t have” are the forms you can write. “Shouldn’t’ve” and “Shouldn’ah” are used here to show you how they are often contracted even further when speaking.
So, “Should”’s an auxiliary or modal verb used in English, and it’s similar to “Would” and “Could”. It has a few different uses in English, which I might go into more detail in another episode in the future. So, for now we’ll just go through how to pronounce the different contractions of the negative form, “Should NOT have”. So, it’s negative because “Not” is in the middle there, “Should NOT have”, “Shouldn’t have”.
So, some examples of how to use “Should not have” or how I might use “Should not have”. Say, for example, you went to a party last night and you got really drunk because you drank way too much. So, maybe you had way too much beer, maybe you mixed your drinks as well. So, you had a lot of beer, you had a lot of wine, you had a lot of spirits like vodka, whiskey, bourbon. And then you wake up today and you have the worst hangover that you’ve ever had in your life. So, you’ve got an incredibly bad headache. So, once you actually wake up the first thing you might think apart form “Ow my head! It hurts” is “I really shouldn’t have drunk so much last night.” or “I definitely shouldn’t have mixed my drinks”, and you could also think, “In fact, I probably shouldn’t have gone to the party at all”. So, it’s really that looking back and thinking about what you would’ve been better not doing. So, if you “Shouldn’t have done something” it’s that you sort of express some kind of regret and you think “It would’ve been better if I hadn’t done that thing. I shouldn’t have”.
So, another example could be that someone has gone to the Doctor’s for a specific medical condition that they have and you asked what they were up to, and they said, “I went to the doctor’s”. And then you’ve asked them why they went to the doctor’s, and although most people would probably say “Ah… you don’t want to know. It’s a little gory. It’s a little gruesome.” And we often say “The gory details” or “The gruesome details” [like] here. Um… the person’s given you everything about why they went to the doctor’s. So, they’ve explained to you all the gory details, all the gruesome details, about what their medical condition was and why they went to the doctor. And so, you could think, after they’ve told you all these really really gory and gruesome details, you could think, “Oh gross! I shouldn’t have asked.” So, “I shouldn’t have asked. If would’ve been better if I hadn’t asked you why you went to the doctor”. Ah… you could think “Ah… you shouldn’t have told me that”. So, “It was way too much information. It was very gross. You gave me all of the gory details, all of the gruesome details, about your medical condition. You really should not have told me that. You shouldn’t have told me that”. And you could also think or say, “You shouldn’t have gone into that much detail.” So, “You shouldn’t have been that explicit. You shouldn’t have described all of the things related to your medical condition because it was gross. It was gross.”
So, yeah, that’s how I would use “Should not have”, “Shouldn’t have”, “Shouldn’t’ve” or “Shouldn’ah”. So, now we’ll just go through a listen and repeat exercise guys where I will use all of the different contractions, “Should not have”, “Shouldn’t have”, “Shouldn’t’ve” and “Shouldn’ah” with the different pronouns in English. So, listen and repeat after me.
Listen and repeat:
I should not have
I shouldn’t have
You should not have
You shouldn’t have
He should not have
He shouldn’t have
She should not have
She shouldn’t have
We should not have
We shouldn’t have
They should not have
They shouldn’t have
So, yeah, go over those exercises a few times guys, and just practice the pronunciation of these different contractions. You don’t necessarily have to use them. You just need to know what they sound like and what it… the person means when they use these contractions if they’re native speakers so that you don’t have to think, “What did they say? What did they mean” and you don’t have to ask them “Can you repeat. Can you please say that again?” If they say something like “They shouldn’ah done that” you’re going to know instantly they’re trying to say “They should not have done that”. “They shouldn’ah done that”.
So, we’ll do some substitution exercises guys where I will get you to repeat the sentence that I say and then convert that sentence into a more contracted version of say, “Should not have” into “Shouldn’t have”, and that’ll be the first exercise. So, here I’m going to go through some different sentences and I’m going to say the first sentence with “Should not have” and I want you to repeat it using the contracted form “Shouldn’t have”. So, just contract the “Not” onto “Should” for “Shouldn’t have”.
Substitution exercise: Should not have – Shouldn’t have
I should not have stayed up so late last night.
I shouldn’t have stayed up so late last night.
You should not have given up so easily.
You shouldn’t have given up so easily.
He should not have left the party so early.
He shouldn’t have left the party so early.
She should not have gone to the beach without me.
She shouldn’t have gone to the beach without me.
We should not have drunk so much beer.
We shouldn’t have drunk so much beer.
They should not have asked if they didn’t want to know.
They shouldn’t have asked if they didn’t want to know.
So, you might notice there too guys that I may or may not have slightly made the “Have” an “’ve” sound so that it may sound like “Shouldn’t’ve”. It’s hard for me to kind of split it apart because I’m so used to saying “Shouldn’t’ve” and “Shouldn’ah”. These are the ways that I would really say this when I speak to most other native English speakers and to foreigners as well. It sounds really really weird when I say these sentences completely uncontracted. So, when I say the “We should not have drunk so much beer” that is something that I would almost never say like that. I would almost always use some kind of contraction whether it’s “Shouldn’t have”, “Shouldn’t’ve” or “Shouldn’ah”. So, now we’ll do this same set of sentences again, and this’ll be the end, this’ll be the last exercise, and I’ll say the same sentences but this time I’m going to say them with “Shouldn’t’ve” and I want you to convert them into the contraction “Shouldn’ah”, “Shouldn’ah”. And I think you’re going to hear this contraction the most often, “Shouldn’ah”, “Shouldn’ah”. This is just how most English natives speakers say “Shouldn’t’ve”. So, listen and repeat after me guys.
Substitution exercise: Shouldn’t’ve – Shouldn’ah
I shouldn’t’ve stayed up so late last night.
I shouldn’ah stayed up so late last night.
You shouldn’t’ve given up so easily.
You shouldn’ah given up so easily.
He shouldn’t’ve left the party so early.
He shouldn’ah left the party so early.
She shouldn’t’ve gone to the beach without me.
She shouldn’ah gone to the beach without me.
We shouldn’t’ve drunk so much beer.
We shouldn’ah drunk so much beer.
They shouldn’t’ve driven the car so fast.
They shouldn’ah driven the car so fast.
So, you’ll notice too guys, as you start practicing these and as you start using the contraction “Shouldn’ah”, you’ll probably be able to notice that it flows a lot more. It sounds so much better, for me at least, and so much easier to say when I say sentences like “I shouldn’ah stayed up last night”, “You shouldn’ah given up so easily”, “He shouldn’ah left the part so early”. It just comes out so much easier when I say it like that. And this is probably why these contractions have formed [in English], because it’s easier to say like this when we’re speaking quickly. Anyway, as I always tell you guys at the end of these episodes, only really worry about understanding what these contractions represent, “Should not have”, in this example. If you don’t want to use them yourself when you speak you don’t have to, but it’s just something you want to understand when other people use these phrases and these contractions when they speak.
So, that’s this episode guys. I hope you enjoyed it and I’ll chat to you soon.
Check out all the other recent Pronunciation episodes below.
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Learn 1 simple tip to sound Australian in this episode of Aussie English where I teach you how natives often pronounce words ending in -ING as -IN’.
AE 290 – 1 Simple Tip To Sound Australian: -ING = IN’
Welcome to this episode of Aussie English.
I’m your host Pete, and today we’re going to be focusing on one simple trick to sound Australian.
So in Australian English, guys, and I’m sure other dialects in the English speaking world, we often pronounce the -ING on the ends of verbs and adjectives as an -IN’ sound instead of an -ING sound.
This is laziness on the part of English speakers, guys, where we’re not pronouncing these vowels in words that aren’t emphasised very well.
So we’re pronouncing them as an /e/ sound instead of whatever their respective vowel sound should be.
The sound is made by not moving the mouth very much.
You kind of just barely open it and make it sound like a zombie or a chimp.
What are some classic examples?
In Australia English you’re going to hear people say all the time, “How’s it going?”. “How’s it going?”.
So this is obviously, “how is it going?”, but it requires way too much effort to say it like that. So we say, “how’s it going?”.
Another example, “Whatcha doin’?. “Whatcha doin’, mate?”. “Whatcha doin’?”.
This is “what are you doing?”. But again, too much effort required, “Whatcha doin’?”, “Whatcha doin’?”.
One last example before we get into the exercises is, “Are ya kiddin’ me?”.
“Are you kiddin’ me”. And this is “Are you kidding me?”. “Are you joking with me?”.
And instead of saying the -ING, again, you’re going to hear say the -IN’.
“Are you kiddin’ me?”. “Are you jokin’ with me?”.
So let’s go through a list of the 10 most common verbs in English, and we’ll change these from, say, “Being” into “Bein'”, and then use them in a sentence.
Listen & Repeat:
- Being. Bein’. He’s bein’ annoyin.
- Having. Havin’. She’s havin’ a break.
- Doing. Doin’. I’m doin’ my homework.
- Saying. Sayin’. We’re not sayin’ much.
- Going. Goin’. We’re goin’ home.
- Getting. Gettin’. You’re gettin’ tired.
- Making. Makin’. She’s makin’ a fuss.
- Knowing. Knowin’. He’s all-knowin’.
- Thinking. Thinkin. We’re thinkin’.
And the last one.
- Taking. Takin’. I’m takin’ it off.
So that’s it guys. One really simple tip to change your English to sound a lot more like an Australian, and probably native English speakers elsewhere in the world. Change the -ING into a sort of /en/ or and “EN” sound that sounds more like an -IN’.
- Going. Goin’.
- Doing. Doin’.
- Taking. Takin’.
- Making. Makin’.
I hope that helps guys, and I’ll see you in the next episode.
I hope you enjoy that episode of Aussie English.
If you want to learn how to use what we learnt in this video naturally and effortlessly like an Aussie English speaker go down into the description and click the link.
You’ll get instant access to all of the bonus content for this video that will take you through a step by step process to learn exactly how to use this just like me.
You also get access to all of the bonus content for the podcast, which you can listen to anywhere anytime to work on your Aussie English.
So go over there. Click the link in the description.
I know you’re going to love it, and I’ll speak to you soon.
See you guys.
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AE 262 – What’s the difference between COULD, CAN, WOULD, WILL, SHALL and SHOULD?
“Hi Pete. This is Aly. I’m one of your English Podcast listener(s*). Could you please show me what are the difference(s*) and use(s*) of these verbs: could, would, can, shall, should etc. Thanks for your efforts mate.”
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So your question today, Aly, was if I could tell you the difference between the different modal verbs can, could would, should and shall.
This is a pretty complicated question and would require a lot of time for me to go over all of these, but I’m going to try and sort of give you the down low, give you a brief introduction to when and where to use these different modal verbs.
Can & Could
So “can” and “could” are the same as “to be able to”.
And “can”, “could” and “to be able to” are used to express a variety of different ideas in English.
I might just go through them quickly.
They can express the idea of ability or lack of ability to do something.
So the ability or the inability.
For instance, “Tom can write poetry”, “I can help you”, “Lisa can’t speak French”.
That’s all about whether or not you can do something, whether or not you’re able to do something.
And so you can also substitute in “to be able to” instead of “can” in this instance where we’re talking about ability.
So you could say “Tom is able to write poetry”, “I am able to help you”, “Lisa is unable to speak French” or you could say “Lisa is not able to speak French”.
And when we do this in the past tense we use “could”.
So you could say “Tom could write poetry”, “I could help you, yesterday”, “Lisa could speak French when she was young”.
And if you want to substitute in “to be able to” then you have to obviously… with “to be” you have to use “was” or “have been”.
So you would say instead, “Tom was able to write poetry”, “I was able to help you”, “Lisa was able to speak French” or you could say “Tom has been able to…”.
“I have been able to…”. “Lisa has been able to…” etc., depending on the tense you are using.
So there you go.
That’s the first one.
Ability or inability to do something.
We can also use “can” and “could” for possibility or impossibility.
So “You can catch a train at 10:43”.
It’s possible you could do it.
“He can’t see you right now”.
It’s impossible that he sees you.
And again if we do this in the past tense, “You could catch a train at 10:43 yesterday.” or “He couldn’t see you yesterday”.
So that’s possibility and impossibility.
We can also use it for asking permission or giving permission.
So for instance, “Can you lend me ten dollars?”, “You can borrow my car.”, “Could I have your number?”, “Could I talk to you?”.
However, in this form “could” isn’t the past tense.
It’s the conditional tense, I believe.
So it would be like saying “Would I be able to have your number?”, “Could I have your number?”, “Would I be able to talk to you?”, “Could I talk to you?”.
We can also use it when making suggestions.
So we can use “could” to make a suggestion.
“You could take the tour of the castle”, “You could go there tomorrow”, “You could do this”.
And again that’s the conditional.
“You would be able to take the tour tomorrow”, “You would be able to go there”.
However, “could” sounds a lot more natural.
Shall & Should
So “shall” and “should”.
“Shall” and “should”.
And this also goes with “ought to”, but that’s not really used that much at least compared to the other two.
So we can use “shall” or “should” to offer assistance or as a polite suggestion.
And I might add here first “shall” is only used in the first person.
So it can be singular plural. “Shall I…”. “Shall we…”.
But it’s only used with “I” and “we”.
“Shall I…?”, “Shall we…?”, “I shall…”, “We shall…”.
So we can use them to offer assistance or as a polite suggestion.
So, “Shall we go for a walk?”, “Shall I go to the shops and buy some milk?”, “Should I go for a walk?”, “Should I go to the shops and buy some milk?”.
So we can also use “should” as a prediction or an expectation that something is going to happen.
“The proposal should be finished on time”, “I shouldn’t be late, the train usually arrives on time”.
And we can also use it to give advice.
“You should check that document before you send it out”.
And we can also use this when giving advice about something that we think is wrong or unacceptable.
So, “He shouldn’t teach words like that to children.” or “He shouldn’t do that. It’s dangerous”.
Those are examples of something that you would be better not doing, that you shouldn’t do, because it’s unacceptable or it’s wrong.
Will & Would
So the last one that you wanted to go over was “would” and “would” sort of pairs well with “will” when it comes to modal verbs.
“Will” and “would”.
So I might go over both of these.
So “will” and “would” be used for polite requests or statements.
“Will you please take the trash outside?”, “Would you mind if I sat next to you?”, “I would like to sign up for the workshop”.
So polite requests and statements.
You can also use it for habitual past actions.
So we can use “would” to talk about things that we did habitually in the past so something that happened many times that we used to do all the time say as a kid.
For instance, “When I was a child I would spend hours playing video games” or you could say, “Peter wouldn’t eat broccoli as a kid”.
So notice how I’ve said “as a child” or “as a kid I wouldn’t…”. and then… or “I would…”, and then “the thing”.
And that just means that “that thing” happened all the time.
So, “I would spend hours playing video games”, every single day, every single week, every single month.
It happened a lot.
Or, “I wouldn’t eat broccoli” at all dinners.
So periodically, all the time, as a habit.
“I wouldn’t eat broccoli”.
So I hope that helps Aly.
It’s a bit of a shallow attempt at covering those different modal verbs.
It’s kind of hard for me to go into them in great lengths all together.
That would definitely require individual episodes.
So I hope this is kind of helped.
Go over it a few times and try and get sort of the basic idea of how I would or wouldn’t use these.
And then get out there and practice them.
I think that is one of the biggest tips that I can give you for practicing modal verbs and auxiliary verbs is to focus on one at a time, to look for real examples sentences, and then to play with those sentences.
So like conjugate through them using different pronouns. I would rehearse them myself alone in my room.
So I would, like, speak to myself and say things like “When I was a kid I would do this. He would do this. She would do this as a kid. We would do this. They would do this”.
And then, for instance, I would go to “should”.
“I should help. I should do this. I should do that.”
I would try maybe picking one at a time, spend 30 seconds coming up with sentences off the top of your head, and just play with them.
You could also do this writing if you really really want to practice your writing skill and practice these modal verbs.
And I would again conjugate through, use them in as many different ways as you can while writing.
And eventually the meanings are going to sink in and you will do it naturally.
But I think it’s one of those things if you want to chop down a whole forest you do it tree by tree.
You look at the first tree you want to chop down and then you chop that tree down. Repeat the process.
And eventually there’s no more forest.
You don’t look at the forest and think how am I ever going to chop down all these trees.
You just have to do a bit by bit.
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Thank you so much for leaving me a voicemail.
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