In this episode of Aussie English I answer Haze’s question about how to quickly improve your English vocab & pronunciation. Great question Haze!
AE 383: How To Quickly Improve Your Vocab & Pronunciation
What’s going on guys? Happy New Year! (It’s the) first video of the New Year. I have a question here from Haze Moznur Rahman. I hope I said that right. (I) probably didn’t. In fact, I’m certain I didn’t. Anyway, Haze, you had this question. Okay, so he asks, “I’m weak in English vocab and pronunciation. What can I do.
So, I’m going to try and make it a New Year’s resolution of my own to try and answer more of your questions and create videos like this for you guys. But Hazes okay, poor vocab and pronunciation. We’ll tackle vocab first.
So, vocab wise, my advice is always, once you’re at the intermediate to advanced language-learning stage, whether it’s English or any other language, you need to find resources that you enjoy. You also need to make sure that these resources are at your level or above. Preferably above, but not too far that they’re unenjoyable. Okay? So, you need to find resources that you enjoy.
They can be TV shows, they can be movies, documentaries, they can be podcasts, they can be TV shows, TV shows I said, magazines, books, anything that is… that has English, that is made of English, that is written in English, spoken in English, whatever it is, you need to find something you enjoy. You need to find something you enjoy so that it’s easy to watch and it’s easy to watch, or consume, read, whatever it is, listen to, multiple times. Okay? So, the key there is find something you enjoy so that you can, two, consume it multiple times, and then three make sure, especially if it’s a podcast, something you’re listening to, if it’s a a movie or a TV show or something you’re watching, that there are either subtitles below or that there’s a transcript that you can read.
So, this is important because you want to be able to see all the words that may have gone over your head whilst you were just listening. This happens to all of us. It even happens to me sometimes with natives if that they speak too quickly. Maybe my concentration lapses for a moment. But you want it down below or you want it on a transcript also so that you can then take note of any of the words that you have never seen before; that you have seen before, but just can’t remember what they mean; that you have seen before, you have a vague idea of what they mean, but you want to clarify what they mean. And you want to take these down on a notepad. Okay? So, I normally suggest small notepad that you can fit in your pocket so that you can do this anywhere, any time. But I’d be doing that.
I would then go and look these words up, find the definitions. But most importantly find examples sentences. After that, I would write these examples sentences out and I would speak the example sentences out loud as well. Beyond that, I would find examples where I can use them. Maybe I’ll write something, just you know a bit of abstract writing about whatever you want, your day, and try and work the new vocab in them. Try and have a conversation with someone, even if you’ve got the notepad here, and try to use the words that you’ve practicing. The point there is that you need to be actively using the new vocab for it to be maintained in your active vocabulary. Otherwise, it’s going to be passive, and you’re just going to recognise it when you see it or hear it. Okay? So, that’s what I would suggest with learning vocab.
There are really good apps out there like Anki. I’ve mentioned that a few times. And I think Fluent Forever now has a new app that might be able to help you, but it might be a little for beginners, it might be a little not advanced enough for you guys.
Anyway. That’s what I would suggest vocab wise.
Find something you enjoy. Take note of the vocab that you don’t understand; recognise but don’t really remember; or have never seen before. Look it up, write down examples sentences, and then practice speaking that aloud, or in conversation, or with writing. But you need to practice it, especially, if you want to be using this effortlessly like a native speaker. Okay? So, that’s vocab, and it transitions into pronunciation.
Pronunciation wise, you need to either recognise yourself the parts of the pronunciation you’re having trouble with, or you need to get a private lesson with someone, it could be me could be anyone or just talk to a friend, someone who speaks English as a native, and ask them to pick up on the words that you’re mispronouncing. You need to take note of these words, or at least the aspects of these words that you’re having trouble pronouncing, and then you need to look these words up or words with this aspect up. You need to be able to hear these words if possible. So, you could have a teacher like me, or you could have a friend, record themselves pronouncing these words, or you can use websites like Forvo.com to find native speakers who said these words in English. And you can click on them and listen so that you get it right.
The key thing there though is that you want to try to identify the parts of the language you’re finding difficult to pronounce, and then practice pronouncing them, again and again. You might have to do this five minutes a day for a month, maybe a year. It’s an ongoing process. But you need to do this again and again and again if you really want to nail the pronunciation of these tricky words. So, I guess that’s it for today.
I hope it helps, mate. Keep at it. I’m sure you’re going to level up your vocab, and just keep pronouncing words, keep looking for these words that you want to pronounce. Keep speaking out loud. Talk in your room by yourself. Talk with friends. But just keep using English, and she’ll be apples, mate. She’ll keep improving.
So, I hope that helps Haze, and I hope you guys have a great day. See ya.
G’day guys, (it’s) Pete here again. In order to help you learn this sort of stuff, I’ve created The Aussie English Classroom. Each week you get access to the course that goes with the expression episode from the podcast. You can open up the course in the old courses section. You get six or more lessons with each course that you can carry out as you choose. You can select any of these lessons and complete them. Here in the listener and read one, you can open up the transcript, you can listen to the podcast whilst you read. You can scroll all the way down. You’ll get to see the vocab list with all that tricky vocab in today’s transcript. You can then go to the quiz at the bottom and complete the quiz to test your listening comprehension. In this case, we have quizzes for other exercises or lessons as well. It’s a weekly program that tries to cover all these bases, and it will definitely help you with pronunciation and vocab.
So, get in there, give it a go, and let’s start levelling up your Aussie English, guys. It’s a dollar for your first month. I’ll see you in class.
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About the AuthorI learn languages, teach Australian English, and love all things science and nature!
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By pete — 9 months ago
AE 435 – Vlog: He Destroyed My Phone!
G’day, guys, and welcome to this episode of Aussie English. I am Pete your host and this is another vlog episode where you will get to learn a bit of English.
So, in today’s episode, guys, I take this little guy, Leo, for a bit of a walk, and I go and grab some coffee, and I will also show you how Leo ended up smashing my iPhone screen. You naughty little boy.
It is my birthday today, so let me know, have you got a birthday in April as well? Comment below. And don’t forget to hit that Subscribe button, guys, and the bell notification if you want to stay up to date with every video that I release. Please do it. Please! Thanks, mate. Anyway, without any further ado, let’s get into it.
Alright, guys, morning! Today, I thought I would take the dog for a walk. This is Leo who I live with. Thought I would take him for a walk to the shops as I go and get some coffee. But he had been a naughty little boy, today and last night. Okay?
So, I’ve locked him outside. So, who’s the cheeky little boy who woke us up last night at 3 AM and puked on the floor in our bedroom. Yes, yes, that was you! You naughty, naughty boy.
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Time to let the prisoner back inside. Come on you pest. What are you doing? What are you doing? You getting into trouble? Have you been naughty. You look a little shameful.
Come here! What is this? What is this? What is this? He was your mate. What is this? You’ve torn him up. Hey? There’s guts everywhere on the ground here. You bit into his arse. Look at this! What is this? You bit his butt and you’ve opened it up, and now you’re just pulling the stuffing out. No shame! No shame!
Alright so, going for a walk. Trying to find a reason each day to get out of the house and be active. Try and do my 10,000 steps. I’ve decided to take this little guy for a walk and I’m just hoping that he doesn’t poop on the way.
So, I have this little bag. In Australia, it is very poor form, very bad form, to let your dog poo when you walking him and leave the poo on the ground.
So, you tend to have some kind of bag like this, usually, that you can buy at Safeway or Coles or Woolworths… Mate, 50 meters! 50 meters from the house! And then it’s like nothing happened. Like nothing happened. I can’t believe this shit! God damn it! God damn it! The shame! Where am I going to put this, mate? We just left the house. I’m going to have to go back and put it in the trash. I don’t want to carry it with me all the way to the cafe. Far out! Can’t believe this.
Alright, so hand in the bag, and then… That’s so unpleasant. That is so unpleasant. So, doing the right thing. Now we’re going back. Now we’re going back. I’ve got to find bin. I do not want to carry this with me all the way to the cafe and back. It’s always my luck, always my luck.
Come on! come on, you little rascal. He obviously feels a lot lighter now that he’s dropped off the package for the day. Come on! Stop sniffing around. Let’s go! Get to the bin.
Man, guys, get a load of these curtains. Are they pretty or what? Look at these are lace curtains and every window in this house. Beautiful. Good, good, not a poo. Alright, we’re okay with that.
You’ve got to check out… there’s probably about five or six people over here at the bus stop all being social. Every single one of them has headphones and their phone out like this, just staring at it. What have we become, guys? We’re animals. I guess, I can’t really talk. I’m walking up the street, but at least I’m talking to the phone, right? I’m talking. I’m being social.
What is this? Jesus! This must be like the biggest bread pin, or whatever this is, that I’ve ever seen. It’s huge. Look at that, mate. That’s like the same size as your head.
Alright, the tracksuit may not have been the best idea now that I’m walking and starting to warm up. It’s getting pretty hot. Something interesting that I noticed once coming to Canberra, guys, is these rock gardens on the nature strip, or on the front of houses. I’ve never seen them as, I guess, prominently used everywhere until I came here where the front of people’s houses seem to have these rock gardens everywhere.
I’m assuming it’s because it’s so dry around here and we’re so drought-prone that it’s a lot more of a pain in the butt to be… kind to take care of a lawn.
What was I saying? Because I think it’s too much of a pain to be trying to take care of a lawn, because the lawn ends up looking like this when it’s dry. Look at all that grass, guys. Beautiful grass. Pretty high. Lush, beautiful, green. This is grass lawns in Australia right here.
More rock gardens. Aren’t they beautiful, guys. Look at those stones. Lush! So, you could just spied this Australia’s best letterbox… and the dog decided to pull on the lead at that exact moment and I have shattered my phone screen. Good job, Pete. Well done! That’s a first for me. That’s a first. Far out! These vlogs, they’re dangerous, guys, they’re dangerous.
Look at this monstrosity. You see that, guys? Look at that chandelier. What on earth is that? Far out!
Oh, man! Two Aussie slang terms for you, guys. What is this? This is a ute. What is this? This is a Barbie.
I just saw something really cool, okay? So, I’m a bit of a biology nerd, as you may know, and I love gum trees, right? So, these are two different species of gum trees, but when gum trees are young, like this little one, they have really round leaves right. So, these leaves are incredibly round, but when they become adults, they get leaves like… where are we? Up here. See these really sharp leaves. So, I’ll see if I can find some. So, they end up looking like this. They end up looking sharp. So, baby, adult. Pretty cool.
You’ve got to be kidding me, mate! I don’t have a bag! God! Now, I just feel like a dick. How much have you got inside you dude? What did you eat? Did you eat a cow for breakfast or something. Come on! No shame. This guy has no shame.
Alright, so we were talking earlier about dick moves, guys. So, that’s why you should probably bring two bags with you. There is no way that I’m picking up his most recent deposit and putting that in my pocket. So, nature, you’ll just have to take one for the team. Sorry about that, guys. Poor form.
Yes, because I don’t trust this little guy enough to cross the road by himself. Too much energy today. How’s the Serenity, guys. How’s the serenity?
Alright, guys, so that is part one of what is going to be a two part vlog series. It ended up being about 20 minutes. So, it was a bit too long. I want to keep these short and sweet so that you can get through them really quickly.
Anyway, don’t forget to hit that subscribe button, guys, and the bell icon so that you can stay up to date with the notifications for when the second part comes out. And in the meantime, make sure that you comment below and let me know what you thought of this episode and what other kinds of things you would like me to vlog on in the future.
Anyway, guys, I will see you in part 2 shortly, in maybe a week or so. All the best.
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By pete — 1 year ago
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AE 360 – Expression:
For All Hell To Break Loose
Black Text = Lesson vocab
Blue Text = Idioms
Green Text = Lesson expression
Red Text = Aussie Slang
Welcome to today’s Expression Episode, guys. Today’s expression is going to be “for all hell to break loose“.
I hope you guys have been having an awesome week. I‘m healing up. I‘m coming good. I was sick for the last week. (I) had a bit of a head cold, had the sniffles, I’ve been blowing my nose a lot, (I’ve had a) bit of a sore throat, but I’m getting better. I hope you guys are going well.
A few announcements, a few housekeeping things first.
So, I’m still collecting postcards, if you guys want to send your postcards. I will make sure that the address is sent below, but wherever you are in the world, if you feel like sending me a postcard… oh, I can just tell you can send it to P.O. Box 597, Ocean Grove, 3226, Victoria, Australia.
I’ll make sure it’s in the transcript for this episode. But yeah, I would love to get some postcards and fill this wall up behind me.
Apart from that, obviously, (I’ve been) working away at the Effortless Phrasal Verb course. (I’ve been) really enjoying that guys. Everyone seems to be loving it. If you haven’t checked it out, make sure you watch those videos. They’re all on YouTube. And if you’re interested, you can enroll in the course.
And also, I’m thinking about redesigning The Aussie English Classroom. OK? So, I think I might just chat to you a little bit quickly about it. There’ll be three packages for The Aussie English Classroom.
(Package 1) I’m going to redo the expression episode ones where it’s all online. I’m looking for my phone, but my phone is in front of me here. And you can do all the exercises and read everything off your phone instead of downloading files. So, I want to make that more streamlined. I want to make it easier to use. I think I want to make a few more additions to the exercises as well. So, you would have a one exercise every day. So, like, 1. vocab to work on your vocab, 2. listening comprehension, 3. phrasal verbs substitution exercises, 4. Aussie slang, and then I want to do 5. pronunciation of vowels and consonants and the way that we change words when we speak, and then I want to also do 6. connected speech, rhythm, and intonation, and then 7. grammar as well. So, that would be Package 1 where you would get all that.
Package 2 would be that you get access to a private group with other students, and you would get weekly life lessons like this that are just few guys. Where you can ask me anything. I can help you. We can go over topics. You’d get weekly tasks for like IELTs. Writing tasks. We could have movies that we watch, books that we’re reading together. And yeah, we would all work together in this group.
And then Package 3 would be that you would have several hours a month of private lessons with me as well as the group and everything else.
So, that’s what I’m thinking about for The Aussie English Classroom, and where that’s going in the next year or so. So, if you have any feedback, let me know. We can chat about that later.
Let’s get into today’s episode, guys. So, we’re going to go over the expression “for all hell to break loose“, “for all hell to break loose“.
This was voted in by Duaa, or voted in by everyone*. Duaa was the one who suggested this in The Aussie English Virtual Classroom Facebook group. Everyone voted on it. This one got to the top. And, so good job Duaa on picking this expression.
We’ll start today with a joke as always, guys. And the joke is, “Why did the wombat cross the road?”. “Why did the wombat cross the road?”. To see his flat mate. To see his flat mate. You get that?
So, a “flat mate” is someone who lives with you in a flat or an apartment. But, it‘s a play on words here, because wombats often get hit by cars, and if they get hit by cars on the road, they get made “flat”. And so, it’s a joke about him crossing the road to see his mate who’s been made flat by being hit by a car. “Why did the wombat cross the road? To see his flat mate”. (It’s a) bit on the nose. Alright.
So, today’s expression is going to be “for all hell to break loose“, guys. As usual, we’ll go through the different words in this expression.
So, I’m sure you know what “for” is and the word “to”.
“All“. “All” can be used to mean everything, the entire thing, the whole thing. So, the entire quantity or extent of a particular group or thing. So, I have all of my fingers, every single one of them. I have all of my fingers. Maybe if I had my entire family here, all of my family is here.
The word “hell“. “Hell”, is a place regarded by various religions as the spiritual realm of evil and suffering. So, Heaven or Paradise tends to be the really nice afterlife. Hell is the really horrible one with Satan and death and brimstone and fire. So, that’s “hell”.
“To break“. If you break something, it’s that you separate it into multiple pieces, usually, in a destructive manner. So, you’re destroying the thing by breaking it. So, keep separation in mind here, though. So, to break something. I might break my arm. If I fall on my arm and my arm snaps, it breaks. I might drop a glass, and the glass breaks on the ground as it separates into little pieces. But keeps “separation” in mind for when we get to “to break loose”.
“Loose“. If something is “loose”, it can be that it is not firmly tightened. So, if I had some pants that I bought and they didn’t fit me very well, they kept falling down, I could say they’re pretty loose. They’re not fitting tightly. They’re not fitting firmly. So, these pants feel really loose.
But it can also be if something is set free or something is free. If it’s released. If it’s unrestrained. So, if I open the cage and the bird flies out of the cage, it’s been set loose. It is loose. It’s free. It’s released.
But “to break loose“, is combining those two ideas of getting free, but doing so in a destructive manner. So, you are suddenly getting free. You’re escaping. You’re releasing or you’re being released from something. So, you’re getting separated from, say, your cage. You’re breaking out of your cage to get loose. You’re breaking loose out of the cage. Or maybe you’re breaking away from your captor, someone who’s caught you. You’re breaking away. You’re breaking loose.
So, those are the words.
Let’s define the expression guys. So, “for all hell breaks loose“, though. This is where obviously this time it’s “hell” that is the thing that’s “breaking loose” and going crazy, getting out there.
“For all hell to break loose“, it’s said when something chaotic or disruptive occurs. So, it’s a chaotic or disruptive situation, especially one that begins all of a sudden. It begins suddenly. It begins unexpectedly.
So, I looked up the origin of the expression, “for all hell to break loose“, and it’s actually quite older than I thought. It dates back to the 1660s. So, the year 1667 from a book by John Milton called Paradise Lost.
And here’s a chance for you guys to listen to some middle English.
So, this is English that I don’t understand, that is back from the Middle Ages, and before that there was Old English. So, we have Old English that was like, I think, over a thousand years ago, Middle English, and then more modern English from like the 1700s on.
But here’s the line that uses this expression in Middle English, “Wherefore with thee came not all hell broke loose?“. “Wherefore with thee came not all hell broke loose?“.
If I read that, I have no idea what it means. When it’s translated though, it means, “Why didn’t all hell break loose and come with you?”. “Why didn’t all hell break loose and come with you?”. “Wherefore with thee came not all hell broke loose?“.
So, yeah, (to) give you a bit of an insight as to whether or not English speakers today can understand English from 500 years ago.
So, let’s go through some examples, as usual guys, of how to use this expression.
So, imagine the first one. You are dancing at a party and an amazing song that you guys love comes on. Someone starts playing this song. And the song is Men At Work – Down Under (watch the music video here). So, Men At Work is a famous Australian band, and the song Down Under is a really famous song. I definitely recommend you guys look it up. So, this comes on, and all the Aussies in the room go nuts. They go ballistic. They go berserk, (they go) bananas, they go crazy, and all hell breaks loose. So, all of a sudden, everyone starts going nuts. All hell breaks loose.
Example number two. Imagine that Colin Hay, who is the lead singer from the band Men At Work. He’s the one who sings down under. Imagine he walks into a pub where a bunch of Aussies who are fans of Men At Work are having a drink after work. So, maybe they’re having a jug of beer. They’re sharing it. Maybe they’re having a few pots, a few pints, or a few schooners. But they‘re sinking some piss at the pub after a hard day’s work. After doing some hard yakka at work. There’s a bunch of slang in there that we’ll go over today. And they see Colin Hay walk into the pub. So, they see him walk in and they go ballistic. They go berserk. All hell breaks loose. They go bananas. They go crazy. “Wahhh! It’s Colin Hay! Oh my God!!!”. All hell breaks loose.
The third one is, imagine that after everything‘s died back down in the pub. So, everything’s calm down, everything’s quietened down, after Collins left everything’s calmed down, it’s died down, a man enters to try to rob the pub. So, he’s trying to hold the pub up with a gun. He pulls a gun out and he says to the barman, “Open the till. Give me the cash. I want the money, and then I’ll get out of here. But if you don’t give it to me, everyone’s going to get hurt.”. The moment he pulls the gun out, if the crowd goes crazy, everyone starts running around and screaming, all hell breaks loose. So, the moment the gunman brandishes the gun, he pulls the gun out, and says, “Give me the money!”, all hell breaks loose, because suddenly, everything goes crazy. Pulling the gun out was unexpected. Everyone goes berserk. Everyone goes bananas. All hell breaks loose.
So that’s it. The expression “for all hell to break loose” is said of a chaotic or disruptive situation, especially, one that happens all of a sudden, it happens suddenly, it happens unexpectedly. You didn’t expect it.
As usual, let’s go over a listen and repeat exercise, guys. This is a chance for you to practice your pronunciation.
I’m going to say the phrase, “All of a sudden, all hell broke loose”. I want you to pay attention to how I am contracting words in this sentence, and how my intonation and the connected speech is working. OK?
So, practice it a few times, listen and repeat after me, and try and say just as I say it, guys. OK? I’m going to say, “all of a sudden” five times, I’m going to say, “all hell broke loose” five times, and then, I’ll say the whole thing five times. Let’s go.
Listen & Repeat:
All of a sudden. x 5
All hell broke loose. x 5
All of a sudden, all hell broke loose. x 5
Good job guys. Good job. You nailed it.
Alright. Time for some Aussie facts, and then we’ll finish up.
So, today’s Aussie fact, interesting fact about Australia, is the fact that there are more kangaroos in Australia than there are humans. How crazy’s that?
So, the numbers can fluctuate from year to year, but at the moment, this year, there’s estimated to be about 25 million kangaroos in Australia. 25 million kangaroos.
To put that in the context of humans, there’s 24.13 million humans in Australia. So, we’re about 1 million short of the number of kangaroos. And to put in the context of things like cattle, so cows, bulls, there are 26.6 million cattle in Australia.
And when we measure cattle, we say “head of cattle”. 26.6 million head of cattle in Australia.
But the interesting thing that I found out when I was looking this fact up is that only a handful of animals in Australia actually get counted. They get an annual census. Humans are one of the animals. Cattle are obviously another one. But kangaroos, obviously too, get counted every single year to work out what their numbers are doing. So, how crazy is that, guys?
Anyway, remember, guys, if you want to get all the bonus content for this episode, sign up to be a member in The Aussie English Classroom. You can enroll now. You can sign up to get it for one month for just a dollar. Try it. See how it goes. It’s going to upgrade your English. It’s going to take it to the next level. If you go through it, do all the exercises, and work hard. I know you’re going to love it.
Aside from that, make sure that you jump on YouTube, jump on Facebook, send me a message and say, “G’day”, guys. And I hope you have a great week. I will chat you soon. Peace out.
SW = Somewhere
ST = Something
SO = Someone
Exercise 1: Vocab & Writing Practice
Download PDF and print it to complete this exercise:
- Find the sentence that includes the word or phrase in the text and write it out.
- Write your own sentence using that word or phrase.
A barman – a man who works behind a bar serving drinks
A bit on the nose – (for ST to be) unimaginative, lacking nuance
A captor – a person that catches or confines ST/SO
A handful of ST – a small number of ST; a quantity that fills the hand
A head cold – a common cold centred in the nasal passages and head
A manner – a way in which a thing is done or happens
A play on words – a pun; a turn of phrase with a double meaning
All of a sudden – suddenly; abruptly; quickly and without warning
An afterlife – life after death
An annual census – a yearly count of ST
An insight – an accurate and deep understanding of ST
Brandish ST – wave or flourish (ST, especially a weapon) as a threat or in anger or excitement
Brimstone – Sulfur, especially considered as a component of the torments of Hell in Christianity.
Chaotic – in a state of complete confusion and disorder
Check ST out – examine ST
(for a song to) Come on – (for a song to) begin playing on the radio or a stereo, etc.
Date back to (a time) – originate from a time in the past
Destructive – causing great and irreparable damage
Die back down – become calm once again
Disruptive – causing disruption/disorderliness
Drop (ST) – let go of ST so that it falls down
Enroll in ST – write one’s name on a roll or register to take part in ST, e.g. a course
Estimate ST – roughly calculate or judge the value, number, quantity, or extent of ST
Extent of (ST) – the size or scale of ST
Feedback – information about reactions to ST, e.g. a product, used to improve the thing
Finish ST up – completely end carrying out ST
Fit – be of the right shape and size for ST/SO
Fluctuate – rise and fall irregularly in number or amount
Go nuts/ballistic/berserk/bananas/crazy – behave in a crazy, enthusiastic, or violent way
Go over ST – review ST; cover ST
Heal up – completely get better
Hold up ST – rob ST, e.g. a shop, with use of threats or violence
In the context of ST – considered together with the surrounding words or circumstances
Intonation – the rise and fall of the voice in speaking
Look ST up – search for information about ST
Nailed it! – said when SO has done ST perfectly
Oh my God! – said when SO is surprised or shocked
Pay attention to ST – listen to, watch, or consider ST or SO very carefully
Pick ST – choose ST
Redesign ST – design ST again
Rhythm – the measured flow of words and phrases when speaking
See how it goes – used for saying that a decision about a situation will be made after allowing it to develop for a period of time.
(a number) short of (another number) – (for a number to be) less than (another number)
Snap (ST) – break (ST) suddenly and completely
Streamline ST – make or design ST to be more efficient
Suffer – experience or be subjected to (ST bad or unpleasant)
Suggest ST – put ST forward for consideration
To have the sniffles – to be sniffing a lot whilst suffering from a cold
Tighten (ST) – make ST or for ST to become tight or tighter
Unexpectedly – in a way that wasn’t expected or regarded as likely
Unrestrained – not restrained or restricted
Upgrade ST – raise ST to a higher standard, in particular improve ST (e.g. machinery) by adding or replacing components
Various – different from one another; of different kinds or sorts
Exercise 2: Listening Comprehension
• Listen to the episode again now and answer these questions in your own words.
1. What’s today’s expression?
2. Was I well or sick for the past week?
3. List 1 or more announcements I make
4. What’s the address I give?
5. Where do I say the Effortless Phrasal Verb videos are that you can check out?
6. How many packages do I plan on making in the redesigned AE Classroom?
7. How many exercises do I want to create for you?
8. What would be in package 2?
9. What’s in package 3?
10. Who suggested this expression?
11. Where did she suggest this expression?
12. What’s today’s joke?
13. What’s a “flat mate”
14. Define: all
15. Define: hell
16. Define: to break
17. Define: loose
18. What animal do I say flies out of the cage?
19. Define: to break loose
20. Fill in the blank – “Maybe you’re breaking away from your ______.”
21. Define: for all hell to break loose
22. When does this expression date back to?
23. What book does it come from?
24. How long ago was Old English?
25. From when does Modern English date back to?
26. What is the line in Middle English?
27. What does the line mean when translated from Middle to Modern English?
28. Can English speakers today understand English speakers from 500 years ago?
29. Briefly describe example 1.
30. Briefly describe example 2.
31. Briefly describe example 3.
32. What’s today’s interesting Aussie fact?
33. How many kangaroos are there estimated to be in Australia?
34. How many people are there in Australia?
35. What word do we use for measuring number of cattle?
36. How many cattle are there estimated to be in Australia?
All answers below in the Answers section.
Exercise 3: Phrasal Verb Substitution
• In this exercise, we’re going to practice using the phrasal verb “to break out (of SW)” which means:
o To escape (from SW)
o To get free (from SW)
o To break loose (from SW)
o To get out (of SW)
• Substitute in the phrasal verb “to break out (of SW)” into the following sentences.
• Pay attention to match the verb tense used in each sentence too. Let’s go:
1. She escaped from the room.
2. I had wanted to escape from here.
3. You would’ve gotten free eventually.
4. We got free from the jail cell.
5. She won’t have gotten out by then.
6. I’m going to escape.
7. We’ll break loose, don’t worry.
8. You’ll find a way to get out.
9. They broke loose from their cage.
10. He got out of the garage.
11. She’s going to get free.
12. They will have broken loose by tomorrow.
All answers below in the Answers section.
Exercise 4: Slang
- This week’s slang mission is to look up and use the following slang terms.
A jug of beer – a large measurement of beer, (2 pints, 40 fluid ounces, ~1182ml)
E.g. I’m going to the bar to grab another jug of beer.
Create your own example sentence:
A pub – a public house, an establishment that sells alcoholic beverages and food
E.g. Should we hit the pub later tonight after work, guys?
Create your own example sentence:
A pint – a glass of 20 fluid ounces (~568mL)
E.g. I feel like a pint of dark ale.
Create your own example sentence:
A pot – a glass of 10 fluid ounces (~285mL
E.g. She’s just going to have a pot of cider.
Create your own example sentence:
A schooner – depending on the Australian state it can be the same as a pot or it can be 15 fluid ounces (~425mL)
E.g. Can you grab me a schooner of VB (Victorian Bitter)?
Create your own example sentence:
A till – a cash register
E.g. How much money have you got in the till?
Create your own example sentence:
Come good – get better; heal up after or sickness; improve
E.g. I busted my leg, but it’ll come good in the next few days.
Create your own example sentence:
Hard yakka – hard work
E.g. I was doing a heap of hard yakka at work today.
Create your own example sentence:
Sink some piss – drink some alcohol drinks (usually beer)
E.g. Let’s go sink some piss tonight.
Create your own example sentence:
Exercise 5: Pronunciation Exercise
• In this exercise, we’re going to practice the vowel sound /iː/
Bee – /biː/
Sea – /siː/
Bleak – /bliːk/
Meek – /miːk/
Steep – /stiːp/
Leap – /liːp/
League – /liːg/
Seize – /siːz/
Lease – /liːs/
Geese – /giːs/
Week/weak – /wiːk/
Reed/read – /riːd/
Exercise 6: Connected Speech
• In this exercise, we’re going to practice connected speech and focus on the pronunciation of the weak form of “to”.
• Weak forms of words are when the syllable sounds are unstressed in connected speech and are often pronounced as a schwa /ə/.
• The strong form of “to”, when the syllable is stressed, sounds like this: /tuː/
• The weak form of “to”, when the syllable is unstressed, sounds like this: /tə/
• Substitute in the weak form for the strong form of “to”:
/tuː/ – /tə/ x 5
I want to escape.
You hope to get free.
She is hoping to get loose.
He looks to get out.
We wait to break out.
They work to escape.
It ran to chase the geese.
I tried to seize the treasure.
He’s starting to lease a house.
You tried to leap across.
She pretended to be meek.
We put the kids to bed.
They strolled to the sea.
It went to sleep.
Exercise 7: Grammar exercise:
• In this exercise, we’re going to practice negating a number of adverbs.
• Adverbs describe how something was done, or the manner in which it was done.
• The following adverbs can be negated by adding the prefix “Un-” in front.
• Substitute in the negative form of each adverb.
• Let’s go!
1. Surprisingly, I want to escape.
2. Expectedly, you hope to get free.
3. Believably, she is hoping to get loose.
4. Advisedly, he looks to get out.
5. Fortunately, we wait to break out.
6. Emotionally, they work to escape.
7. Characteristically, it ran to chase the geese.
8. Fairly, I tried to seize the treasure.
9. Ashamedly, he’s starting to lease a house.
10. Happily, you tried to leap across.
11. Helpfully, she pretended to be meek.
12. Interestingly, we put the kids to bed.
13. Comfortably, they strolled to the sea.
14. Quietly, it went to sleep.
All answers below in the Answers section.
Exercise 2 – Listening Comprehension Exercise
- What’s today’s expression?
- For all hell to break loose
- Was I well or sick for the past week?
- List 1 or more announcements I make
- I’m still collecting postcards
- Working on the Effortless Phrasal Verb course
- I’m thinking about redesigning the AE Classroom
- What’s the address I give?
- PO Box 597, Ocean Grove, 3226, Victoria, Australia
- Where do I say the Effortless Phrasal Verb videos are that you can check out?
- How many packages do I plan on making in the redesigned AE Classroom?
- How many exercises do I want to create for you?
- 1 every day (7)
- What would be in package 2?
- Access to a private group
- Weekly live lessons
- Weekly tasks for IELTs, writing tasks, movies and books
- What’s in package 3?
- Several hours a month of private lessons with Pete from AE, as well as everything else
- Who suggested this expression?
- Where did she suggest this expression?
- In the Aussie English Virtual Classroom
- What’s today’s joke?
- Why did the wombat cross the road? To see his flat mate
- What’s a “flat mate”
- Someone who lives with you in a flat/apartment
- Define: all
- Everything, the entire thing, the whole thing
- Define: hell
- Hell is a place regarded by various religions as the spiritual realm of evil and suffering. The opposite of Heaven or Paradise
- Define: to break
- To separate ST into multiple pieces, usually in a destructive manner
- Define: loose
- Not firmly tightened
- Free, released, unrestrained
- What animal do I say flies out of the cage?
- A bird
- Define: to break loose
- Getting free in a destructive manner, getting free suddenly from ST
- Fill in the blank: “Maybe you’re breaking away from your ______.”
- Define: for all hell to break loose
- For ST chaotic or disruptive to occur, and to do so all of a sudden and unexpectedly.
- When does this expression date back to?
- The 1660s, the year 1667
- What book does it come from?
- Paradise Lost by John Milton
- How long ago was Old English?
- >1000 years ago
- From when does Modern English date back to?
- What is the line in Middle English?
- Wherefore with thee came not all hell broke loose?
- What does the line mean when translated from Middle to Modern English?
- What didn’t all hell break loose and come with you?
- Can English speakers today understand English speakers from 500 years ago?
- No, not easily.
- Briefly describe example 1.
- A song comes on, Down Under by Men At Work, and all the Aussies in the room go crazy and all hell breaks loose.
- Briefly describe example 2.
- Colin Hay, the lead singer from Men At Work, walks into a pub where a bunch of Aussies who are fans of his band are drinking. They see him work in and all hell breaks loose.
- Briefly describe example 3.
- After everything has calmed down in the pub after Colin’s left a man tries to rob the pub, and when he brandishes a gun the crowd goes crazy and all hell breaks loose.
- What’s today’s interesting Aussie fact?
- There’re more kangaroos in Australian than humans.
- How many kangaroos are there estimated to be in Australia?
- >25 million
- How many people are there in Australia?
- 13 million
- What word do we use for measuring number of cattle?
- A head (of cattle)
- How many cattle are there estimated to be in Australia?
- 6 million head of cattle
Exercise 3 – Phrasal Verb Exercise:
- She escaped from the room.
- She broke out of the room.
- I had wanted to escape from
- I had wanted to break out of
- You would’ve gotten free
- You would’ve broken out
- We got free from the jail cell.
- We broke out of the jail cell.
- She won’t have gotten out by then.
- She won’t have broken out by then.
- I’m going to escape.
- I’m going to break out.
- We’ll break loose, don’t worry.
- We’ll break out, don’t worry.
- You’ll find a way to get out.
- You’ll find a way to break out.
- They broke loose from their cage.
- They broke out of their cage.
- He got out of the garage.
- He broke out of the garage.
- She’s going to get free.
- She’s going to break out.
- They will have broken loose by tomorrow.
- They will have broken out by tomorrow.
Exercise 7 – Grammar Exercise:
- Surprisingly, I want to escape.
- Unsurprisingly, I want to escape.
- Expectedly, you hope to get free.
- Unexpectedly, you hope to get free.
- Believably, she is hoping to get loose.
- Unbelievably, she is hoping to get loose.
- Advisedly, he looks to get out.
- Unadvisedly, he looks to get out.
- Fortunately, we wait to break out.
- Unfortunately, we wait to break out.
- Emotionally, they work to escape.
- Unemotionally, they work to escape.
- Characteristically, it ran to chase the geese.
- Uncharacteristically, it ran to chase the geese.
- Fairly, I tried to seize the treasure.
- Unfairly, I tried to seize the treasure.
- Ashamedly, he’s starting to lease a house.
- Unashamedly, he’s starting to lease a house.
- Happily, you tried to leap across.
- Unhappily, you tried to leap across.
- Helpfully, she pretended to be meek.
- Unhelpfully, she pretended to be meek.
- Interestingly, we put the kids to bed.
- Uninterestingly, we put the kids to bed.
- Comfortably, they strolled to the sea.
- Uncomfortably, they strolled to the sea.
- Quietly, it went to sleep.
- Unquietly, it went to sleep.
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By pete — 2 years ago
WWP: Computer Issues & A Shout-out To My Folks
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Walking With Pete.
(I’m) just heading down to the shops at the moment. (I’m) off to the shops. (I’m) going get some food, (I’m) going to get some coffee, (I’m) going get some bocconcini cheese that I owe my housemate. So, I ate some of his bocconcini cheese and now I owe him some more bocconcini cheese. And I have to go grab some, I have to go buy some from the shops. So, I’m walking down (to) the shops. (I) thought I would just chat to you a little bit about what I’ve been up to recently.
Yesterday, I was sort of shattered, I was shattered. And the phrase TO BE SHATTERED, SHATTERED literally means to break, to shatter, to, I guess, like, smash into a lot of pieces. So, if you dropped a glass vase and it smashed on the ground you could say that that glass vase has shattered. The glass has shattered. So, (it) tends to by those kinds of things like glass and ceramic, anything stiff and hard and fragile that if you break it it turns into a lot of different little pieces. So, when you say that I’M SHATTERED it’s kind of that idea of “I’ve broken into a lot of pieces because I’m disappointed, I’m upset, I’m shattered, I’m shattered.”
So, yesterday I got home after, geez I can’t even remember what I was doing. Anyway, I got home after my day… Oh! I went to work. I had to work during lunch time at the restaurant. That was fun. And then I did some English tutoring with my mate Amir. So, (I) chatted to him and helped him out with a few different things English tutoring wise. And then, when I got home I tried to use my computer and I was getting that spinning wheel of death that it’s known as for Macs. So, there’s something wrong with the hardware in the computer that I’m going to have to fix or get fixed rather. I can’t fix it. And, yeah, so it’s not working. It literally died. I couldn’t get files off it, I couldn’t open up files, I could turn it on but I couldn’t actually access anything. Fortunately, though, I recently backed up everything on the computer. Although, I think it’ll be fine because I don’t think this is a hard drive problem. So, I’ll be able to get the hard drive out even if the computer is broken. I think it’s a hardware problem where the actual hardware, the actual machinery inside the computer is broken.
So, anyway, I’ve had this computer for probably 5 years it’S HAD A GOOD RUN. And TO HAVE A GOOD RUN means to have been working for a long time, or to have been successful for a long time. So, in the terms… in terms of the computer, for the computer to have HAD A GOOD RUN, like literally “Running”, TO HAVE A GOOD RUN means that it did well, it worked well for a long time. I had it for 5 years. I mean most computers, especially laptops, probably break down after 2, 3, 4 years and this one lasted 5. So, it HAD A GOOD RUN. And I guess another example of using the phrase TO HAVE A GOOD RUN… how else could we use this? So, imagine you’re playing a game, you’re gambling, you’re at the casino and you’re gambling and you keep winning again and again and again. You keep winning all these hands of Blackjack, you know, 21, or you’re playing poker and you keep winning. You could say, “Oh, I’m on a really GOOD RUN.” or “I’M HAVING A REALLY GOOD RUN.”. And it’s that idea of you’re doing well over a period of time, it’s a sequence that you keep repeatedly doing well at, you know, you keep winning again and again and again. So, in terms of going to the casino, TO HAVE A GOOD RUN would mean to continually be winning. And in terms of my computer HAVING A GOOD RUN it means that it was working year after year, month after month, day after day, for a very long time. So, TO HAVE A GOOD RUN. There’s another expression for you.
Anyway, long story short, although I’ve already talked for about 4 minutes. So, it’s not really that short. Long story short, the computer was busted, I was kind of… not distressed, not desolated or upset too much, but just a little bit panicky, a little bit worried about what I was going to do, because I like working on the podcast pretty much all the time, particularly at night. And so, last night I had all this spare time that I had allocated, that I had put aside to work on the podcast and to, you know, just work on it in general, keep making episodes, keep uploading things, keep adding to it, keep working on it. And not only was I worried that I couldn’t work last night, but I was worried about, well, if this computer’s completely broken how am I going to be able to continue to work on the podcast in the next week, in the next month, in the next year, because obviously when you work online and you do those sorts of, I guess, technical things online, you need a computer. And, Macs, I use a Mac, and Macs are very expensive.
Anyway, so, I worried about that but I ended up calling up… I’m just going to check the road so I can cross without getting hit by a car. It’s all good. You’ve got to check out this laneway behind me with these nice trees. What do you think?
Anyway, yeah, so I am fortunate enough to have incredibly loving and caring parents, and I rang them to just ask if I could get some advice as to what they would recommend. Should I try and buy a secondhand Mac? Should I buy a PC, because PCs tend to generally be cheaper? Or should I just wait and try and get this thing repaired even though it’s 5 years old and chances are it’s going to break down again in a few months because it seems to be at that stage where one thing breaks, it gets fixed, and then there’s an issue with another thing, it breaks, it gets fixed. Anyway, I spoke to them and I also asked if they have any of their laptops that they were going to potentially upgrade soon, you know, buy a new one, get the next model, and could I potentially buy one of their laptops. And my parents were wonderful enough to offer to buy me a completely new computer for my 30th birthday, but early.
So, I guess I dedicated this episode to them. They probably won’t ever see it, but if they do, I love you guys and I really appreciate what you do for me and have done for me in the past, and I guess I just want to say that from the bottom of my heart thank you so much for your love, your support, your care and your on-going help with just, you know, the podcast and being involved in it one way or another, whether it’s being in the episodes that I’m sure many of you guys have seen, or whether it’s helping me have the ability to keep making episodes by supporting me and buying, you know, in this case a new computer. So, just a quick side note there, but I just wanted to say that I love you guys and thank you so much.
Anyway, so, today I walked into Melbourne. As you guys know I love walking everywhere. Hence the name of the episodes Walking With Pete. So, I walked in from North Melbourne all the way into the CBD, and I went to a Macintosh store or a Macintosh re-saler. So, I think they just sell the Macs, but they don’t actually… they’re not actually owned by Macintosh. So, I went there and chatted to them and ended up buying a new laptop that looks like it’s a whole bunch more powerful than my previous one, and hopefully is going to do me, you know, success in the future. Hopefully, I can keep making stuff. And I think I might try and get the old one prepared just so I have a backup, just in case. And TO HAVE A BACKUP is to just have something TO BACK YOU UP, to have something sitting on reserve, to have another plan, to have something else in case something goes wrong with the thing that you used primarily. So, in the case of my computer, obviously, now I have a new one that I’m going to use the majority of the time, the one that I just bought, and I’m going to also try and get the other one repaired, the old one, to be able to use just in case something goes wrong in the future with the new one. So, that’s what A BACKUP is. And you can have that with anything. You could have A BACKUP job if you had two jobs and you had one on the side that you could do as a secondary one in case you were fired from the first job. You could HAVE A BACKUP car where you have two cars. One that you primarily use but you also have a second car in case something goes wrong. So, it’s just that idea of having something else sitting there to potentially use in case of an emergency, in case something goes wrong with the thing that you’re mainly using. And this is also where that verb TO BACK UP something comes from. Where if you BACK UP your data, your PhD project, that is something I do all the time, it’s that you have a secondary copy of the data that you may need. You’VE GOT A BACK UP. You’VE BACKED UP the information, the stuff that you rely on, so that in case something goes wrong with the primary copy that you use or that you have, you’VE GOT A BACKUP, you’ve got a secondary one that you can rely on.
Anyway, so, I sort of deviated and walked away from the shops because I knew that this episode was going to go a little longer. But we’re at about 10 minutes now I think, GIVE OR TAKE. GIVE OR TAKE. And that’s another expression for you. I might explain that and then we can sign off. The expression GIVE OR TAKE, I think this one’s got a few different meanings, but in terms of how I just used it when you’ve got a certain amount of something GIVE OR TAKE it means roughly that amount, approximately that amount, GIVE a little bit or TAKE a little bit it’s approximately 10 minutes. So, for example, if I get to the 10 minute mark here but I’m at 9 minutes 30 I could say, “Well, we’re almost at the 10 minute mark GIVE OR TAKE.” And that just means effectively that TAKE 30 seconds, you know, or sorry GIVE* 30 seconds, if you added 30 seconds to it we would be at 10 minutes. And if we were at 10 minutes 30 and I said, “Oh, we’re at 10 minutes GIVE OR TAKE.” If you took 30 seconds from the total we would be at 10 minutes. So, GIVE OR TAKE. And it’s the same with anything else. Say that you’re a dog breeder and you’ve got a whole bunch of dogs that’s just given birth, that have* just given birth to a bunch of different litters, and a litter is the name that we give all the puppies that a mother dog or a bitch, you can say, gave birth to. So, that’s a litter of puppies. And so, if you’ve got a whole bunch but you’re not exactly sure. You know that it’s approximately, you know, 10 dogs, 20 dogs, you could say, you know, if someone asks you, “How many puppies do you have at the moment?”, and you could say, “Well. I don’t know exactly but I think it’s about 10 GIVE OR TAKE.”. So, maybe it’s a few less than 10, maybe it’s a few more or 10, than* 10, but it is approximately 10 puppies, it’s thereabouts, that’s about how many puppies we have. It’s 10 puppies GIVE OR TAKE.
Anyway, so, I’m walking back down to the shops. I’m going to go get some coffee. (I’ve) got to make sure I remember that, because I love coffee. I also have to get some bocconcini cheese. Don’t forget that or my housemate’s going to get annoyed, because I think I’ve eaten the last of his bocconcini cheese twice now. And he’s not a fan of sharing. So, anyway, that’s what I’m off to. I hope you guys are having a beautiful weekend. The weather as you can tell here is absolutely phenomenal. It’s probably about, I don’t know, 24C, mid-20s or something. So, it’s actually really really lovely, but incredibly sunny, incredibly sunny. (There’re) barely any clouds and again that’s why I’ve got my shirt on, my glasses on, my hat on, and a bit of sunscreen. (You’ve) got to stay sun-smart, (you’ve) got to stay sun-smart.
Anyway, that’s probably enough guys. I’ve chatted for quite a while today. I will see you soon and I wish you all the best! See you guys!
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Check out all the other recent Walking With Pete episodes below!
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