Today I answer a question from Luis who asked, “What are some common Aussie names?” In this episode I list, spell and tell you the shortened nickname version of the 20 most common Aussie names for boys and girls.
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About the AuthorI learn languages, teach Australian English, and love all things science and nature!
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By Admin — 11 months ago
Learn Australian English in this interview episode of the Aussie English Podcast where I chat with Christian Saunders from Canguro English about 6 big English-learning mistakes you should avoid when learning or teaching English.
AE 453 – Interview: 6 Big Mistakes to Avoid When Learning English with Christian Saunders
G’day, guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English. Today, I have a special interview episode for you guys and this one is with Christian from Canguro English.
So, Christian’s been on the podcast a couple of times now and one of the other interviews I did with him was episode 347 – An Interview with Canguro English. Go check that one out if you want to learn more about Christian.
But, in today’s episode, I asked him to come on because I wanted to chat to him about the biggest issues he sees that are out there with regards to teachers and the way they teach English, so the way that English is taught, and also the way in which English is learnt by English learners, obviously.
So, today, Christian has 6 tips that we’re going to go through one by one on how to better learn English or how English should be better taught. So, 6 main issues that he sees with the way in which it’s taught and learnt.
So, without any further ado, guys, let’s get into it, and again, thank you Christian for coming on the podcast.
G’day, guys, and welcome to this episode of Aussie English! I have Christian back again. And today it’s going to be a bit of a bitch fest. It’s going to be a bit of a complaining session, I guess, about how English is taught and how English is often learnt by… English as a second language learner. So we want to talk about it, have a bit of a chat and I know Christian, I’m always following him at Canguro English on his Instagram, his YouTube and his Facebook page. If you haven’t, follow him. But he’s always complaining, he’s always bitching about how people are learning English or teaching English wrong. And so, I wanted him on the podcast to discuss this with me. So Christian, welcome!
Thanks. Thanks Pete. Thanks so much for inviting me. It’s always a pleasure to talk to you and I’m sorry that I come across as so much of a complainer.
You don’t! a good complaining you know. it’s like you smile was doing it so I don’t feel as bad inside. I feel like “here come the knowledge bombs! I’ll put my helmet on. I’ll get some cover and then I’m ready to receive the onslaught of how I’m teaching English wrong.
Yeah well I try to bring everything with positivity. As you say, it’s negativity with a smile, right?
Exactly. And the purpose of it is to build confidence. It’s to give people… It’s to empower people who are learning English and to sort of relieve their anxiety with regards to “Am I good enough? should I make mistakes? Am I good enough to talk to other people blah blah blah?” So I love that aspect of it.
Yeah Exactly. Well I mean you asked me to sort of think about the things that I think are wrong with the world of English teaching and so I came up with a list of six things. And the first thing on my list, which I think is the biggest problem, is what I call false promises.
So can I guess what this is relating to?
Is this relating to teachers? Teaching people who are who are learning English and giving them the idea that they can become native speakers or..?
1. Ignore False Promises
Yeah Exactly. So there’s, for example, people saying you can have a native accent. You can get fluent in 30 days. You can be like a native speaker in [x] amount of time.
So that’s one of those things where I think that’s true. But it depends. Right? It depends on how much time you’re talking about. It depends on how obsessive the learner is and it depends on they have raw talent for it. So not everyone can do it but it depends on the person right? Because there are definitely people I’ve met where I’ve been blown away to know they’ve been speaking English for five or even 10 years and I would never have known they were foreign!
Yeah! No, look sure. Of course, everybody’s individual level of motivation is different and, yeah, some people are obsessive and they can produce incredible results within a year. You know you can see… You can have people who are very confident – able to not only speak but listen and have a really engaging conversation, of course but… But I think the thing is more that… I think the philosophy in, general, about what it means to learn a language is very similar to the idea of healthy eating and exercise.
I was about to draw the analogy!
Because my sister is a fitness instructor. And when she talks with me about the whole idea of being healthy and exercise, there’s so many similarities because it’s the reason that people fail at diets, you know, they try to lose 10 kilos in a month. Yeah maybe you’ll do it – through dehydration and malnutrition. But really, like healthy living and healthy life is not something you do for 30 days and then it’s over. It’s a mentality. It’s a commitment for life. And I think…
I had to tell my dad that…
Language learning should be the same, right?
Exactly I had to tell my dad that. My dad has had trouble with his weight for a lot of his life and I remember recently… Like, he’s been on a diet, lost 10 kilos, he’s gained it again. He’s been on a diet, he’s lost 12 kilos, he’s gained it again. And I had to say to my dad you can’t just treat this like it’s a short term thing. This is your life: Your habits, your behaviour, your psychology has to change permanently. It doesn’t have to change overnight like dramatically but you have to be thinking of it more like “These are habits you’re trying to build to use forever,” as opposed to “I’ll just do this for 30 days and then I’ll be sweet for the rest of my life.”.
Exactly! And I think the other problem with false promises is if somebody has the idea that learning the language is something that sort of begins and ends, that you can do in 90 days. When the 90 days is up, and of course they haven’t got very far at all because you can’t do anything in 90 days, when the time is up what do they do? They quit. So you have a whole generation of people quitting, giving up, because they… Because nobody tells them, “Hey if you’re going to do this, it’s just like a dog; It’s not just for Christmas.”.
Exactly Exactly. And it’s almost false expectations too, right? I remember I was learning a language in high school, French, and I thought I could if I wanted I would go to France and I would learn French fluently if I really wanted to get good at it. And I would spend a year there and then I would be good forever. That’s it. And you realize that’s not the case and that it is… I used to get so sick of people telling me “You’re just good at French”, “You’re just naturally good.” Like people who are like “You’re just thin naturally.” It’s not that you exercise and you eat well and that you worked your ass off, you’re just like this and you’re like “That’s such trash!” You just have to rearrange those thoughts in your head and realize that anyone can do this. It’s just not that anyone can do this easily and quickly. It’s that you have to get the expectations in your head that this is a long commitment, it requires hard work and it requires consistent hard work, right?
Yes, exactly. And when you stop your skills disappear. You know, it’s not like you say; you learn French for one year and then it’s good but if you don’t do it for another five years it’s gone!
Oh man, I wish I could go out and run run a marathon or two and then just hit pause on my physique and that’s it. You know forever I’ll be ripped. I’ll have a six pack and I’ll eat what I want. But it’s just… It’s not like that is it?
No, it’s not. And so yeah. So for me that’s that’s problem number one…
So what mind set should people come in with? How should people be thinking about learning a language if they’re… Say you meet a new student tomorrow who’s picked up English, it’s the first language he’s he’s ever attempted to learn, what would you say? “Okay these are the expectations you need to have.”
I think there is definitely individual variation as you said before. I think if the person is highly motivated, especially if they if they need it for if they’re going to move to the country or they live in the country or they are going to have a job, you know they’re more motivated and so they’re going to they’re going to advance faster. So you know, you could say “Well, if you work really hard you’re going to get faster results.” You know, I would expect you to be able to maintain a really good conversation within sort of six to 12 months. Yeah not grammatically perfect, sure with misunderstandings and bad pronunciations, but you know… But another person who maybe is… Who wants to do it more as a hobby, has an interest in languages, wants to go to class once a week, study a little bit at home. Then that’s something that, you know, that your expectations are different. In 10 years, maybe. I think part of the mindset is when you know what you’re getting into then you can adjust your expectations and then you can say “Okay I’m willing to work really hard, I’m not… I know that I’m going to be able to speak or I’m not.” It’s like…
And you have to be honest with yourself, how much can you handle? And I think you need to be consistent. Even if it’s a little bit do it every single day. Consistent. And I think… I remember jujitsu when I was learning that. When I first started it I remember my coach when I said I’m not that talented I can do this but I wish I was talented because I’d be so much better so much faster. He just said to me hard work and consistency will kick the shit out of talent any day of the week.
It’s so right. So I mean anybody who’s successful at anything, you know, at business, sports. They will tell you that they always seem like an overnight success.
Yeah But we only see the final product.
Exactly but my favourite example of this is… Success is like being pregnant. Everybody says congratulations, but nobody knows how many times you have…
So Does that mean that you and I are never going to know what success is?
2. Stop Using Workbooks
So number two, number two. Workbooks: what’s wrong with workbooks? isn’t that how you learn?
Workbooks. I have a real problem with workbooks and I think… Okay this is what I think. I think that workbooks are necessary. You know I think that people should have some type of book where they can look at grammar and do activities and you know sort of have a more… Like a study mode, like a study moment in the day. But my problem is that people use them as 100 percent of learning, especially bad teachers. You know, and I’m talking about teachers especially in public education. I remember when I learnt French we had a book. Did you have a book in your class?
Yeah absolutely it was crap!
It was awful! I hated that book! And that’s all we did! all we did every day was the book!
But that’s the teachers… The teachers come in, they’re like “Okay, I have to teach this lesson. Tick, done,” like, “I did my bit!”
Yeah, exactly and it’s like… There is no faster way to kill motivation and interest and joy than the workbook, surely! Is there a faster way to make people hate a language?
You’ve got to be that kind of person. For me I kind of… I love them but it’s kind of like I have to be in the mood. I have to be sp… I use them as a reference. Depending on how much I hate myself, I’ll work through the whole book you know if I really want to… If I’m starting a new language I might pick a really basic grammar book and I’ll just go “Okay you know what? I’m just going to for the next week two weeks three weeks I’m just go through each exercise.” But after that it’s kind of like I just use it as a reference. I don’t fixate over it. I want to get out there and use the language to read, to watch TV, to interact with people!
Yeah, exactly! I mean it could never be, as part of any language learning program, it could never be 100% because it’s just not… You know all the other components that are so important like listening. I mean listening is so important, not just not just being able to catch the words but really really listening.
Well, That’s the funny thing with listening, right. Initially you’re like “Okay shit! I need to catch every single word when I hear people or else I’m failing,” and you realise that… You realize as a native speaker I don’t catch every word you say. I don’t even pay attention. I get the meaning. The meaning kind of hits me and then I sort of induce or I deduce what you’ve said as a result of just being smacked with the meaning of all those phrases. I don’t think he said “What. Are. You. Doing. Today.” It’s just bang the message. And so the quicker I get to the point.
Yeah exactly. I mean I was actually… I developed this when I was learning Spanish. I developed this habit and even to this day I don’t know whether it was good or bad, is that I would pretend that I could understand people perfectly even when I was only catching one or two words because the other option for me was too painful! To stop people and say “sorry what?” I mean, because not only do they hate it because they have to speak to you like you’re a baby, but I hated it because then they treated me like a baby so I just sat there like, “Oh, si, si!”. Even though I was only catching 5 percent the meaning.
And that’s the worst thing when they ask you a complex question and you’re like, “Yes! No!” And they’re like, “What time are you getting here tomorrow?” “Yes!”.
“Do you agree with what Hitler did?” “Yes! Si!”
So what do you do in that case then? If you don’t think… If you encourage people to sort of go along with conversations and not sort of break it up by constantly asking people to repeat themselves what do you suggest people do? Is it okay to not understand 100 percent and just let it flow? Is there a threshold?
Absolutely! I think if you’re… it’s really important to learn to understand language from context and yet as you said a lot of meaning, a lot of words are sort of superfluous, you know. A lot of words we don’t really need them, they’re there for maybe grammar reasons or for reasons of politeness or whatever. If you’re sort of catching a large proportion of the meaning then I would say keep going because at least then… At least then what you’re receiving is realistic input. Because…
I love that aspect in Portuguese. My girlfriend often says stuff to me and she’ll be like, “Do you understand?” and I say “Yes,” and then she be like “Can you say what I said?” and I’m like “No.” I totally understood. I just… It was so fast. The meaning hit me but I can’t… I don’t know the words.
Well, no… But that’s the thing. But I mean do you feel like it’s it’s helpful to you? To sort of go with it?
That’s it. And I kind of prefer that. And again like you I feel awkward asking constantly for people to repeat themselves. There is a time and place for that. If she and I chatting at night and I really want to know “What did you just say? What’s this word? how do I use it?” of course. But if you’re interacting with people in the street or people you don’t know or even other situations with friends and there’s a certain flow happening in the conversation you don’t want to be the one constantly like “What did you say? what did you say? what did you say?” And I think it’s a good sign when you get to the point where you do understand even though you miss bits, you know. And you can let that go if you get to the point where you can relax and you can allow it sort of to wash over you and you don’t have to analyse everything under a microscope then yeah… That’s you know… You’re most of the way there and it’s going to happen faster, right.
Yeah. I agree 100 percent. I mean this is not based in any type of research. I don’t know if empirically it is actually better or not but I just feel like my instinct tells me it’s good.
I mean if your understanding nothing yeah of course no that’s not good. But if you’re getting meaning you know if you can sort of maintain that conversation then great I say go with it.
You’re allowed for things to drop out a bit. I didn’t get that but now I’m back in the game, and you know you can miss bits, hear bits, and that’s kind of how it goes.
3. Outdated Teaching Philosophy
So number three: Outdated teaching!
Outdated teaching philosophy. Well let me tell you a little sort of story because I live in Spain and out of the out of the teaching sort of philosophies that I’ve encountered personally I think that Spain is one of the most sort of outdated… Traditional…
Have you been to France?
And I haven’t ever taught in France, no. So I couldn’t… I couldn’t say…
Not to dig at French people. I know a lot of French people. I know a lot of people have learned English in France and they hate the way that they have been taught it and it’s a constant complaint that I hear.
Yeah. I mean yeah… Well speaking about teacher…
So speaking about… What did you say?
I’m speaking about teaching that I have encountered personally. I have a limited personal contact with with being in those teaching environments but I hear the same story from students all over the world. So I’m sure that it’s a universal problem. So I’ll tell you the story; So in Spain in order to get a job for the public service you don’t just submit your CV and then they sort of look through the CVs and choose the best applicants, no. They have these competitive state exams and the people who perform best in the state exams get the job. Now when I tell you this you’re not even going to believe that it’s even real, I promise. So each exam may have let’s say 30 different potential topics right. So if you want to be an English teacher there and there are 30 different possible things they can test you on in the exam but they go really deep with each topic and so they only actually test you on two out of the possible 30. So they are they have the machine right. It’s like a like a lottery machine with the balls. So they spin the lottery machine and they pick out the ball and the ball might say, I don’t know, “phrasal verbs,” and then they spin the machine again and they take out another ball which might say “modal verbs,” and then you have to… Then you’re “examed”… You’re examine… Examinated?
Oh my God I can’t believe I don’t even know…
English brain-farts for the win!
You’re examined on those two things. But what it means is when you’re preparing for the exam you need to study all 30 of these things. So people go to these special preparation classes and they they study… Sometimes they study for 2 years, repeating these 30 possible subjects and this is the scary part: They actually call it “Cantar las Termas,” which means “to sing the topics,” because the teacher says “Okay let’s do phrasal verbs,” and you literally repeat like a robot, like you’re singing, all of the phrasal verb stuff. and that is not learning.
That’s how they teach you to remember something whether or not you know how to use it, right?
Exactly. That’s just memorization. That’s not learning. Learning is when you really understand something.
I can memorize a song in Spanish but not know what it means, you know.
Yeah exactly and the problem is that philosophy of memorization, repetition, kill-and-drill, whatever you want to call it, I think it pervades a lot of teaching.
I hate that aspect, yeah. It doesn’t it doesn’t support the idea that improvisation is the real thing you want to teach people. What you want to teach people how they can improvise and how they can work on their feet. Well, you know, how they can deal with situations. They don’t necessarily have to just remember “this is the situation, this is the answer,” you know. Is it that that proverb from the Bible right? “You give a man a fish and you feed him for a day but you teach him to fish and you feed him for life.”.
Yeah exactly. I mean either you maybe you had a similar experience with your French at high school. You know we had in the workbook we had these, like, conversations. These imaginary conversations like, you know, “Bonjour. Ça va? Je voudrais un croisant.” And so you sort of memorize these these these phrases but you memorize the phrase so you memorize the exact phrase. You don’t understand that in phrase you have a person a pronoun and then you have a verb and the verb changes depending if it’s “I” or “You”. So so when you arrived in France and somebody deviates from the script just one tiny bit you know you’re lost. Yeah. You totally lost and too much teaching I think is based in this old philosophy of repetition. It’s not what I consider learning. Yeah I’m sorry if that’s. I’m sorry…
It’s like there’s a path through the jungle right. and you can see along the path you know how to take the path you could take it blindfolded and someone walks up to you and pushes you slightly off the path and your fucked. You’re like “I can see the end and I can see the star but I don’t know what to do. I’m just going to die right here.”.
Yeah exactly. I mean I didn’t… I mean… Because the French that you have now is from your high school?
No. I crapped all over my high school. Six years of French, I surpassed that in six months of self study from just following my passion. Right. I mean I I did the Duolingo thing and then I studied a few grammar books and I systematically worked through two of them and then I effectively threw them in the trash and just started reading books. I read like Harry Potter 1 to 5, watched TV, watched movies and it was much more about talking with people after that. So it was kind of like I worked hard at the start for a few months and then I just went over it and I just went to dive in. Because now I I have the tools for me to work out how to do this, how to use this and how to improvise and that was more what I wanted.
Well I mean this is the thing that I think anybody listening to this needs to take note that Pete just said that he condensed six years of bad teaching into six months…
Well you can show up to class and not learn anything, right?
Yeah but I think people… some people have this idea that you’re only going to get results if somehow it’s not enjoyable. the same as exercise. People will think that it has to be horrible to lose weight, that you have to suffer through the diet to lose weight. No. You could have a great time you can eat delicious food and still get the results.
And it’s just it’s the false expectations and changing your psychology. You have to start enjoying the process and if you’re not enjoying the process what the hell are you doing? Why even bother? If you don’t actually like what you’re doing do something else. Stop learning English if you hate it and it’s a punishment. I’m telling you now stop. Go and do something you enjoy.
Exactly. And that’s the philosophy for life right surely as well.
Exactly yeah. What the hell are you doing? I was watching something today I think it was Gary V. Gary Vaynerchuk who’s this online guru with regards to business online and he was like “do you want to earn a hundred nineteen thousand dollars a year being an accountant or do you want to earn eighty nine thousand dollars a year selling Star Wars figurines online?” it’s like take that hit. If this is what you enjoy for less money do that, than earn a little bit more for something you freakin hate. And it was like that message was just like… that hit home. I’m like “exactly, I keep always thinking I want to be rich. I want this. I want that.” and it’s liked “do I want that? would actually use it? Do I care?” No. So…
I love Gary V. I think he’s… I think he’s great. I think he cuts through so much nonsense. They’re really good. I think yeah I think there are a couple of them that’s someone that… maybe students who are listening to this should follow because you know a lot of his philosophy applies to not just learning languages but to everything.
Exactly and he’s like you can be the best. You can be the best at whatever you want but one you’ve got to work out: Is it something you want to do? You know there’s no point in trying to be the best at something you hate, you’re wasting your life. And two it’s like you just have to know that you have to work at it. Bust arse. work harder than everyone else. And so bringing you back to English. if you’re learning and you hate it you don’t have to give up English. Reassess how the hell are you learning and how can you turn it into something you enjoy? you know, you don’t like using a grammar book? Piss the grammar book off! Read Harry Potter. Read about cars. Watch YouTube channels on science in English. You find your passion already, do it in English. Or find a way of making it fun and enjoyable but don’t give up on English if you’re having a shit time. Reassess how you’re doing it. It’s like with exercise for me. I fucking hate running. Okay but that doesn’t mean I say I’m never going to exercise ever again. You know what screw you exercise. I don’t like running so therefore no exercise. It’s okay I’ll try swimming or try jujitsu or try karate or do something else with my body but I’ll still exercise.
Yeah I agree 100 percent with everything you just said. Yeah and the best thing is I love I love that you used to piss off as a verb. That’s such an Aussie verb!
4. Don’t Focus On Fear
Exactly right. Right number 4 number 4. Don’t focus on fear.
No, no. I wrote that badly. Oh no what I actually meant was that I think that a lot of teaching doesn’t deal with the fact that a lot of students actually are really afraid of of ever using their language. And it was a shock to me to discover that that was such a such a big problem. I think that I would say in my experience at least 50 percent of people they have this language but they’re just totally… They’re totally paralyzed and mortified and terrified of ever speaking because they think that their accent is bad and the grammar is terrible and people are going to laugh at them and I think it’s a big part of teaching – should be helping people to overcome this fear.
Yeah exactly exactly. That’s a big problem and that’s something I face too in learning a foreign language, but I think it’s… It is one of those things where the more you do it the less important it is and you’ve got to remember too, it’s like… Here’s a good story; I remember Ayaan Hirsi Ali, right. She wrote this book about being Islamic, growing up in Somalia and she had to leave Somalia and she had to go to Holland. And she had been taught her entire life that if she took the hijab off that she would be yelled at, that people would accost her, that she could be raped, she could be assaulted and she went to Holland with these huge fears of just wearing the hijab and being an openly Muslim person to begin with and nothing happened. And then after a few months she decided to take the hijab off because “I want to blend in,” Even I’m worried that that God might smite me or whatever. She did it and she realized it wasn’t a big issue. No one – everyone ignored her. No one cared. And I feel like it’s a bit of a on-the-side story but the idea here is I guess that often you have all these fears in your head and you’re worried about all these things happening and then you go out and do the thing and you realize that it’s completely unfounded and that no one gives a shit. No one cares about you. It’s like no one is going home after a conversation with you and has a list of the errors that you made and are sitting in a dark room laughing and drinking a beer.
“Did you hear the way ‘music’ was pronounced!? What a fool!”.
No one cares! No one remembers! You remember, maybe. But no one else remembers and no one cares. People want to understand you. They want to communicate with you and that’s it. If you make a mistake as long as you can get your point across and communicate no one gives a shit. And if they do are not the person you should be talking to.
Exactly. I think anybody who is feeling afraid. That’s the message. …Maybe you don’t want to go to the beach in a bikini because you’re worried that you’re too fat. Nobody cares, nobody is looking at you.
No one cares, they’re too busy worrying about what everyone else thinks of them!
Exactly! And you know I think everybody, you know even native speakers, you know have sort of their own fears about maybe about their accent because you know native speakers also have their own problems like you have a posh accent or a common accent or you know maybe you you don’t know the vocabulary to talk about fancy things like you don’t know how to have a conversation about the economy or… These things are not just limited to foreign learners. And I think foreign learners need to realize that native speakers are not perfect either… At all.
You know you have to you have to be… I think it’s one of those things to ; the older you get the more your distance… That distance grows between when you’re a beginner at something and you’re too used to, at least the majority of people are too, used to being experts at something, a small field and they’re not prepared to take up that position of being a child… Asking questions, not understanding something because they think “I’m 30 I’m 40 I’m 50 years old I can’t be a beginner, that’s embarrassing. I can’t be taught English by someone who’s half my age like,” and it’s like, get some humility. This isn’t about, you know, like no one cares. They want you to do well. Like the average person in an encounter with English in the street is more interested in helping you than “Oh my god this person just said ‘the’ when they meant ‘a’ AHAHAHAAHAHA!” No one gives a shit, just… I think it’s just remember; “You are not that important to every stranger in the world.”
Yeah exactly. I agree 100 percent.
5. Exams Are Stupid
Exams…. whoof! Exams… H ere’s what I think is wrong with exams: so I have this really good… I have a really good student. She’s a friend. She’s a professor at the University of Barcelona and one day we were talking about… We were talking about exams and I was like “I hate exams! I never do exams at my school! exams are the worst things! they’re shit! I hate them!” And she said “listen Christian, I understand what you mean but exams have a really important purpose,” and I was like “No they don’t! You don’t know what you’re talking about!” She said “Exams are an opportunity for teachers to assess the students and see where they have problems so that then they can help them to solve the problems.” And I was like “ughhhhh”.
Isn’t it too late by the time they work that out? At least for the students that took that exam. maybe next year’s students…
But she is absolutely right. This is what apart from maybe what your government or your school wants to use the exam to create a measurement to say is this school performing as well as the school. I mean that’s a different thing. But I’m talking about in the classroom for the students. The real purpose of an exam should be so the teacher can help the student with their problems. But what’s happened now is exams are seen as the end result. They are seen as the reason to study and it’s totally backwards. They should be giving exams at the beginning of the classes and then working on the problems.
That’s the goal right? if the goal is to work out what people don’t know it’s kind of like “maybe find that out first instead of afterwards instead of at the end of the year when it’s too late for the people you’re trying to help.”
Exactly. exactly. And so for me that’s the first problem, is that they are used as almost like a type of punishment. And so people have developed this this hatred I mean if you mentioned the word exam to students like oh my God!
It irks me too is that too often they’re about memory and not about understanding or about improvisation. It’s too much. Do you remember this verb and what it means? And it’s like “no” but I could use my English to go around that and solve whatever problem I would have by not knowing that verb.
Yeah. Yeah exactly. And you know they’re not realistic. Another problem is that people – students feel that if they have a good result in an exam then they have good English or if they have a bad result in an exam they have bad English, but things are not related at all. As you say, maybe you don’t know… Maybe you do terribly in an exam but put that person in a conversation and they’re engaging and funny and you know it’s like it’s not… It’s just a tiny part of being a good language learner. Right.
Exactly. So I do think you’re right you need to focus a lot less on that and measuring yourself against how well you do in exams. And again just to reassess. You know, get those false expectations out of the way. Stop thinking about those things and think “Can I use English in my daily life? can I communicate?” and that’s a lot more important. Even if you fail an exam… You could pass up 100 percent but if you can’t communicate with people that means fuck-all right? That means nothing. 100 out of 100 on a piece of paper doesn’t mean you can ask for milk or get directions to the shops.
Yeah and it’s the same thing as “nobody cares.” You know as you said like if… Nobody cares about your mistakes but also nobody cares about your certificate. Yeah you know if you’re in a conversation and you’re terrible at conversation you can’t say “Well look at my Cambridge Certificate-“.
“Please respect me. there’s 100 100 here that I got in grade three on an English exam.” I know, it doesn’t mean anything. Exactly, that’s it.
Yeah and I think you know when and this is this is a problem that sometimes teachers they can’t escape when they are forced by their school administration to teach to the test. It’s like the students need to learn this because this is in the exam. And so teachers get caught in this cycle of having to just tick the boxes. But you know that’s a fight that teachers need to have with their administration and they need to have that fight because because we’re raising a generation of people who who just know how to regurgitate information…
I think I was watching something today online a documentary or a documentary an interview with Stefan Molyaneux. I am always talking to my girlfriend about this. She’s going to rage up up, but he was saying something like “People go to school for 12 years in the Western society and they leave with the ability to get a job as a waiter.”. They get 12 years of education and all they come out with is the ability to work in a cafe. Like, what the hell? And that’s from studying for exams. That’s from… They could have got 100 percent on every exam they’ve ever taken and they aren’t qualified for anything when they leave school. So that’s our system. The way it’s set up is broken.
I’ve never thought about it in exactly that way but that’s quite a shocking summary of the reality actually.
It’s just sad to think that everything hinges upon whether or not you do well and even if you do you’re not necessarily set up for anything good. So again, you know with English, learn English but you know upscale yourself. Try and use it to do other things. Don’t just worry about getting a certain score thinking that’s going to help you. If you can use your English and go and get a job or get work experience or do you know anything else. Those relationships you build with English are going to mean so much more than a mark on a piece of paper.
Yeah absolutely. Exactly. And that sort of leads into the final… My final thought…
This isn’t a criticism though. This is positive. This is a positive one.
6. Follow The Fun
Have fun. Have fun, that’s it. Number 6 is Have Fun. I think that if you’re not having fun then you not only are you probably not learning but also you’re probably not going to continue. You’re going to give up because you’ve got to have fun and there’s not enough focus on fun in the classroom.
There’s not a lot of fun with anything anyone’s learning, right? The same with exercise. It shouldn’t be seen as a punishment, as something you hate. Should be seen as something you enjoy. Though those two things don’t have to be mutually exclusive you know. Self-improvement is dreadful and fun is gluttony and self-indulgence. It’s like NO! We can push those two things together!
Yeah exactly. Exactly exactly.
And it’s effortless, right? It just takes over. Yeah it is true and again it seems to be this similarity between sort of healthy life and an exercise as long term commitments and also, you know, learning a language that’s fun. You know you got to have fun but otherwise you’re not going to do it.
And that’s what I think it comes back to teaching in the classroom. The problem is that the teacher has this idea in their head of this is how I have to teach and that all the students have to be exactly the same so I can measure them against one another but no one enjoys the same stuff. Everyone has different hobbies. And so I think people need to view learning English that same way; Through the lens of “what do I already enjoy and how can I do this in English?” So that’s where I think classes with regards to learning anything are going to become so much more functional and enjoyable when teachers are going to be empowered to empower their students to learn by having fun. Whatever metric that is you know. If it’s a kid who likes learning about cars on YouTube in English, bam! Do that for an hour as opposed to reading this book. And another student who likes reading Harry Potter – go do that for an hour, you know, like it’s it’s so important to be enjoying what you’re doing so it doesn’t seem like work. It doesn’t seem like work.
I agree 100 percent. We need to give teachers back the freedom that they don’t seem to have anymore. the freedom to just sing a song in class or just sit in the corner and read a book. And the sad thing is that when they do these these limited trials in schools with more freedom they always produce better results. But we’re so reluctant to change you know. we feel like it has to be horrible or you don’t learn. and you have to have the list and do the repetition. But the fact… The truth is no and I hope it changes. I hope that you and I see it change.
So that’s it and I think people need to just have… one good anecdote I guess I have again with my girlfriend Kel is quite often, and she’s lying in front of me here so she is going to she’s going to laugh. Quite often we just swear at each other in Portuguese. So she would just call me the filthiest things and I’ll be like “what is this and what does it mean and how do I?”, and then I’ll make up some story. And again it’s like it’s all about having fun and as a result I kind of learn the gravity of different swearwords too. Because I’ll look something up and then I’ll use it and she’ll be like “that was too far. That was too far.” It’s kind of like it’s all about having fun and you’re just mucking around and just playing and it doesn’t have to be serious 100% of the time.
Exactly. You’re so right and… Well I hope that one day soon I can hang out with you guys because I think it would be it would be great fun.
Oh man I think there’s a lot of changeover between Portuguese and Spanish with regards to swearwords.
Definitely! And for some reason a lot of the swear words involve milk. I don’t to say but Portuguese.
I don’t think so, do many of the swear words in Portuguese involve milk? No, she’s shaking her head. So apparently in Spanish they do. Most of the swear words involve your bottom in Portuguese.
I can understand that.
Exactly right. So before finishing up what would your key suggestions be to people listening for how to learn English? how would you suggest they go about it if they’ve been doing all the wrong things? What is sort of a small quick summary of some advice that you could give them for how to jazz things up a bit? Mix it up and make it more interesting?
I think the first thing they should do is forget about the whatever whatever relationship they had with studying in the past. Like you with your French in high school. Whatever happened is in the past. It’s over okay that that that was really learning. Okay. And today’s a new day and it’s a new start and your aim should be I think really and I know this is going to sound ridiculous because we just spent an hour talking about did these detailed points but I think that your objective should only be to have fun. If you do that everything else will come with it.
That’s true if that’s true. Fun before everything else.
Yeah. I think why not. Why not.
And if you are having fun you tend to sort of let your guard down a bit and you don’t focus as much on your insecurities and your problems and your fears sort of you get get quenched a little bit they get pushed down they’re not as much of a problem and you can just enjoy yourself and enjoy the moment.
Alright, well that’s the challenge for you, listeners. How can you make learning English right now more fun than it currently is? And if you’re not having fun at all what the fuck are you doing? Change it up! Do something for the sake of English. For the sake of English change it up, do something else.
Awesome, well Christian. Thank you so much for coming on the podcast. I really enjoyed this one as a lot of laughs.
Yeah yeah I had a great time. It was really good and I feel like… I feel totally cleansed now. I feel like I got all the negativity out of my system.
So he’s good for the rest of the day.
So where can we find out more about you mate? Where can they see more of your knowledge bombs?
Well on my website www.CanguroEnglish.com there are links to my YouTube channel or Facebook group, Instagram, podcasts you know. In 2018 you have to be everywhere.
What happened man? you’d gone like three years with no website, you were like “I don’t need this”. You’re selling out!
It’s just a basic website with links that’s all. That’s all.
A landing page’s all you need. Awesome dude, t o anyone who is listening. Go and check him out. He’s another Australian as well. Obviously if you haven’t worked that out from the accent. So if you want to learn from another Australian English teacher check Christian on YouTube, Instagram, Facebook, SoundCloud. Check out his podcast too. It’s much more in-depth than mine. I think you put a lot more effort into your podcast.
Mine is my opportunity to be really nerdy.
Have you come up with a sort of routine? for that yet or is it just still sporadic? Are those episodes just whenever you feel like dropping one?
I’m trying to do one every two weeks but it depends on if I’m inspired or not.
Man, just remember to keep having fun.
Alright guys thanks for joining us and we’ll chat to you soon. See ya!
Alright, guys. So, I hope you enjoyed that episode.
Remember to check out Canguro English, whether it’s on YouTube, on Facebook, or on his website. Just go to Google and search “Canguro”, but it’s spelt as the Spanish would spell this, “Canguro”, and then “English”, Canguro English.
And he’s another Australian who is obviously teaching English. And so, if you’re interested in Australian English, in learning the Australian accent, and obviously improving your English at the same time, Christian’s channel, website, and Facebook group and page are all resources that I thoroughly recommend that you guys use.
So, until next time, guys. I will chat to you later. See you!
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By pete — 3 years ago
In this episode, Ep058: Expressions – To Laugh One’s Head Off & At Each Other’s Throats you learn two of the idioms used in the previous Walking With Pete episode, “To laugh one’s head off” and “At each other’s throats”.
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Ep058: Expressions – To Laugh One’s Head Off & At Each Other’s Throats
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English.
Today I’m going to do an episode here on two expressions. So, we’re going to call this episode “a two for one”, two for one. That’s where you get two things for the price of one as we say in English. So, you go to the shops. You buy one banana, you get one free, that’s getting two for the price of one, or a two for one deal. Two for one.
So, today I thought I would do two of the expressions that I used in the previous Walking With Pete episode, and those phrases are going to be “To laugh one’s head off” or “To laugh your head off”, and the phrase, “At each other’s throats”. So, “To be at each other’s throats” or “To go at each other’s throats.”
So, I’m really trying to work this new sort of pattern where I go over things that we’ve already used, or that I’ve already highlighted in previous episodes. So, in the previous Walking With Pete episode I’ve written up a manuscript and then I’ve highlighted all of the phases, or words that I’ve used that may be a little more complicated, may be a little more idiomatic. So, at the bottom of the PDF on the website for that episode you’ll find a breakdown of all those phrases, and a definition, but I also thought I would do an expression episode where I can talk about both of these expressions.
So, let’s start. The first one, “To laugh one’s head off.” “To laugh one’s head off”. This just to means to laugh uncontrollably. So, “John told a joke that was so funny he nearly laughed his head off” for example.
So, “To laugh”, guys, I’m sure all of you know the verb to laugh, you know, “Hahaha”. To laugh.
Um… “A head”. The head is the upper part of the human body. So you’re skull, cranium. Your brain is inside your head. Your eyes, nose, ears and mouth are around your head.
So, “To laugh one’s head off”, when we say “off” at the end there that means to laugh so hard that it comes off or falls off, you know, to laugh your head off of your body effectively. So, an example could be someone’s told a really hilarious joke, as a result they’re laughing uncontrollably, and you could say that that person was laughing their head off.
We also say this phrase quite often where we’ll imply that we’ve “almost” laughed our heads off, or our head off. So, you could say “I almost laughed my head off”, “I nearly laughed my head off”, “I practically laughed my head off”, “I just about laughed my head off”. And all of these phrases just mean that you… they infer the same thing, but you know, it’s just that you “almost” did that as opposed to completely laughed your head off. So, there’s that idea of exaggeration where no one really laughs so hard that their head falls off. And obviously you can just say it as normal, “I totally laughed my head off”. “It was so funny I laughed my head off”.
So, let’s go over a little pronunciation for this one guys.
Your head off
Your head off
Your head off
To laugh your head off
To laugh your head off
To laugh your head off
And now we’ll conjugate through the past tense of “I was laughing my head off.”
I was laughing my head off
You were laughing your head off
He was laughing his head off
She was laughing her head off
You were laughing your heads off
We were laughing our heads off
They were laughing their heads off
So, now we’ll jump over to the other phrase, guys. We’ll do the second one in this episode of two for one phrases. And the second phrase is “To be at each other’s throats” or “To go at each other’s throats”. So, “At each other’s throats”, what does this mean?
It means to quarrel or to fight consistently. So, to keep fighting all the time, again and again and again. You could say that brothers and sisters, or brothers and other brothers, or sisters and other sisters, so siblings can be at each other’s throats quite often where they’re fighting over something, say, a toy.
So, what do these words mean? “To be at” or “To go at” is used to sort of suggest that you’re going for something, you’re going after something, that you’re attacking. And so an example of how to use “To be at” or “To go at”, a few examples could be, “The lion went at the hunter and nearly killed him.” ”I was so hungry I went at my dinner like there was no tomorrow”. So that means, like, I was so hungry that I ate my dinner, I attacked my dinner, I went for my dinner, so sort of vigorously, so intensely, like there was no tomorrow, which kind of suggests that I ate that meal as if I was going to die before tomorrow. So, it was like it was my last meal. I really really wanted to eat that meal. So, I went at it. And you could also say, “he never stops pestering me, or asking me for things, he’s at me constantly.” So, it’s like he’s constantly attacking me, he’s constantly pestering me, he’s constantly asking me for things. “He’s at me constantly”.
So, the next word “Throat”, “Throat”. “A throat” is the front part of your neck. So, you could also call this your gullet, your esophagus, windpipe, trachea. So, you can get food caught in your throat. If you’re sick you might have a sore throat. On Game of Thrones, ah… there are a lot of people who have their throats cut.
And we’ll go over the phrase or the words “Each other’s”, “Each other’s”. “Each other’s” means one another’s. It’s the same as one another’s. So, for example if you’re at each other’s throats, one of you is at the other person’s throat and you are at their throat. So, it’s that kind of, I’m doing something to you, you’re doing something to me. At each other’s. Um… We’re playing with each other’s toys. This would mean that I was playing with your toy, and you were playing with my toy. Um… “They’re driving each other’s cars” that would mean that one person is driving someone else’s car and that someone else is driving the other person’s car. So, they’re driving each other’s car.
So, now let’s do an exercise for that.
To be at
To be at
To be at
To be at each other’s throats
To be at each other’s throats
To be at each other’s throats
To be at each other’s throats
And now we’ll go through this a few times following the sentence, “We were at each other’s throats”.
We were at each other’s throats
We were at each other’s throats
They were at each other’s throats
They were at each other’s throats
You were at each other’s throats
You were at each other’s throats
Anyway, guys, that’s probably enough for today’s episode. I hope you liked this episode. I hope you liked me going over phrases that I’ve touched on, that I’ve mentioned in previous episodes, and I hope that allows you guys to hear these phrases more than say, one time only in one episode, and then practice them obviously even if you’re just listening to these episodes. So, we’ll keep this one under ten minutes, and I’ll see you soon guys! See ya!
To do something like there is/was no tomorrow
- To do something hastily, in large amounts, without thinking carefully, as if the end of the world will be tomorrow and you’ll never get another chance to do that thing.
E.g. He wrote the answers to the exam questions like there was no tomorrow.
- He wrote the answers to the exam questions as quickly as he could.
If you liked this expression episode guys then please jump over here and check out all the other Aussie English expression episodes to help you improve your Aussie English.
Also be sure to come over to the Aussie English Facebook page and chat to the many other Aussie English learners. Practice a few of these words or phrases, ask any questions you may have, and be a part of the conversation! All the best guys!
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By pete — 2 years ago
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Pronunciation: Contracting IS – He is, She is, It is = He’s, She’s, It’s
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English. Today we’re going to concentrate on contracting the word “Is” onto the pronouns “He”, “She” and “It”. So, “Is” is the second person singular form of the verb “To be” in the present tense”.
So, we’ll do a little listen and repeat exercise here guys where I’ll say “He is” and “He’s” five times, then “She is” and “She’s” five times, and then “It is” and “It’s” five times. You can treat this as a simple listen and repeat exercise where you try and mimic and say everything exactly how I say it. And if you want to take it to the next level you can anticipate the contraction and contract the form of “He is” to “He’s”, “She is” to “She’s”, and “It is” to “It’s” before I do it. So, after the first sentence each time. Anyway, let’s get started.
Listen and repeat:
He is – He’s x 5
She is – She’s x 5
It is – It’s x 5
So, now let’s do a substitution exercise guys where as you usual I’ll say a series of different sentences in this case using “He is”, “She is” and “It is”, and I want you guys to contract each of these sentences into “He’s”, “She’s” and “It’s” where you hear those words used in the sentences. If this is a little too advanced at this stage just treat it like a listen and repeat exercise guys, and the more you do it the better you’ll become and it will become more natural. So, let’s go.
He is hungry.
She is unwell.
It is hot today.
It’s hot today.
It is time to head home.
It’s time to head home.
She is an amazing surfer.
She’s an amazing surfer.
He is always late to work.
He’s always late to work.
She is asking if it is for sale.
She’s asking if it’s for sale.
She is obsessed with horses.
She’s obsessed with horses.
It is what I’ve always wanted.
It’s what I’ve always wanted.
He is hoping that she is single.
He’s hoping that she’s single.
He is acting like he is in charge.
He’s acting like he’s in charge.
He is my favourite footy player.
He’s my favourite footy player.
It is exactly what he is wanting to buy.
It’s exactly what he’s wanting to buy.
So, that’s it for this episode guys. Keep practicing these contractions. Listen to this episode until you guys get it naturally, until you can say these contractions without thinking about it and your English is only going to improve. See you in the next episode guys.
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