In today’s episode of Embarrassing English Errors Ep16: Think & Sink I teach you how to pronounce the difference between the words “Think” and “Sink.
[sdm_download id=”996″ fancy=”1″]
Embarrassing English Errors Ep16: Think & Sink
So, welcome to this episode of Embarrassing English Errors guys. Today we’re going to go through the words “Think” and “Sink”.
So, “To think” means to have a particular belief or idea. And the verb “To sink” means to go below the surface of something, so like, “To sink below the water”, or to descend from a higher to a lower position, so to drop downwards. So, if you sit in a really really soft couch or a soft chair you could say that you’re sinking into the chair. So, it’s that idea of going down into something. And obviously if you’re saying “I’m thinking” and you accidentally pronounce this “I’m sinking” you’re going to confuse a lot of people at least initially. Obviously, they’re going to get what you mean, they’ll understand when you keep talking, you know, and say “I’m sinking of something”, they’re going to know what you mean, but it’s one of those small changes that you can make to sound more natural, to sound more native, and to just make conversation a lot more fluid.
So, what are some other words in English that have that “Theh” sound at the start of it [them*], like the word “Think”:
And what are some other words that sound like “Sink” and have that “Seh” at the start of it [them*]:
So, we’ll go through the “Theh” and “Seh” sound[s] 10 times:
Theh – Seh x 10
And now we’ll go through the different words “Think” and “Sink” 10 times:
Think – sink x 10
And I might do a little bonus at the end here guys with the word “Sixth”, because this is a very evil and hard to pronounce word in English. “Sixth”, so number 6, if you come “Sixth in a race” it means that you finished in the posisition number 6. “Sixth” it’s spelt “S-I-X-T-H” and so you say “Si…” “Sic” and then you end with a “ssss thhhh” sound. So, it’s sort of like you switch from a “Seh” to a “Theh” in one motion after “Sic”. “Sixth”, “Sixth”. So, you move through multiple consonants here guys. You end with an “ic” sound then you have a “Ss” sound and then a “Th” sound. So, it’s like a:
Ic-Ss-Th x 5
Sixth x 15
And, I’m not 100% sure but I think that may be the only word in English that sounds like that, that has that “X-T-H” sound. Anyway, thanks for listening to this episode guys, and if you have any other difficult to pronounce English sounds that you would like me to do an Embarrassing English Errors episode on then feel free to message or comment me on Facebook. Have a good one guys!
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.
About the AuthorI learn languages, teach Australian English, and love all things science and nature!
You Might also like
By pete — 1 year ago
Complete this episode as a course when you enroll in the Aussie English Classroom!
AE Classroom students, click the image to complete the course now!
AE 371 – Expression:
To Be On For Young And Old
Let’s get started. What has going on guys? Welcome to this episode of Aussie English. Today we’re going to be covering the expression to be on for young and all the people for that. Let me just say hey how are you going. Welcome to Aussie English. The number one podcast for anyone and everyone interested in understanding and speaking Australian English. That is my passion here at Aussie English.
Welcome to all the new listeners, if this is the first time that you’ve listened to this podcast. Sit back, grab a cuppa, as in, grab a cup of coffee or a cup of tea, kick your feet up, relax and enjoy the episode.
So, a few announcements before we get into the content today guys. I have been working my butt off, I‘ve been working my arse off, all week trying to get the new Aussie English Classroom website up and running for you guys. This has been quite a bit of an effort quite a bit of a mammoth effort. It’s required a lot of work. It’s required a lot of work. So, I guess, I want to thank Praveen. I hired a worker over a website called Upwork, which helps me find virtual assistants online, and Praveen has been a godsend. He probably won’t ever listen to this podcast, but Praveen if you ever do, thank you so much for all the help with setting up the new Aussie English Classroom. I’m probably going to make a video once it’s completely set up and running, just to give you the lowdown, to show you how it’s used. But it’s pretty much the same as how I had set it up on the podcast website, except now, it’s set up on the domain TheAussieEnglishClassroom.com, and you’ll see that the format’s a lot better. It’s a lot smoother, (it) looks a lot nicer, it’s a lot more intuitive, and when you get in there and start using the content I think you’re going to really enjoy it.
Anyway guys, I can talk more about that at the end. Let’s get into today’s expression, to be on for young and old.
Actually, before that, as usual, I have a joke for you.
Alright. Today’s joke: Can a kangaroo jump higher than a house? Can a kangaroo, you know, Skippy, jump higher than a house? What do you guys reckon? What do you guys reckon? Of course, he can. Of course, he can, because houses can’t jump. Houses can’t jump. You get it. (Do you) see what I did there? (Do you) get the joke?
Alright guys, (it’s) time to define the words in the expression to be on for young and old, to be on for young and old.
“To be“. To be. So, I’m sure you’ll all know what to be is. To exist or live; to take place, happen, occur; to occupy a place or position. It’s got a lot of meanings. It’s probably one of the first things you ever learn in English. The verb “to be”.
If something “is on”, for something “to be on“, I guess, that is for something to be happening, for something to be occurring. And you’ll often hear this… I guess it’s the phrasal verb. You’ll often hear this as, “Is the party on tonight?”, “Yeah, it’s on.”. So, “Is the party happening tonight?”, “Yeah it’s happening. It’s on.”. So, “to be on”, to be occurring, to be happening.
“Young“. “Young” is to have lived for only a short time. Right? It’s the opposite of the word “old“. So, both of those words in relation to one another, I am younger than my father, and my father is older than me. So, I am young. He is old. I have few years. I have lived a shorter time. He has more years. He has lived a longer time. So, I am young and he is old.
But the expression “to be on for young and old” has a completely different meaning from the individual words that go in the expression. OK?
So, if something is on for young and old, it’s on for young and old, this means that there is commotion. Usually, that something is totally out of control. And it’s associated with something like a fight or an argument or maybe a really really big party. OK? So, it‘s characterised by the participants taking part in whatever this thing is, a fight, an argument, a party, and the lack of inhibition, the lack of restraint. So, a lot of commotion. Everyone’s running around going crazy. Ok? To be on for young and old.
This is an expression that originated in Australia and New Zealand. I couldn’t find the date or, you know, a rough estimate of the time when this expression was first coined, when people first started to use this expression, but I did find out that it is an Australian and New Zealand expression, which was interesting, because I assumed that “to be on for young and old” would be something used everywhere. Britain, America, but according to the Internet it’s just Australia/New Zealand in origin. But I’m sure people would understand the context if you use it anywhere else.
As usual, let’s go through some examples, guys, some good examples, sort of small narratives, small stories, of me showing you how this expression would be used whilst also giving you more vocab, more English language to sort of give you context and expand your vocab.
Alright. So, example number one, example number one. You’re a big macho man. OK? So, you’re very manly. You’re a big mark show man and your wife or girlfriend, you two are out in the street. You know, maybe you went to dinner, you had a nice meal at a restaurant, it’s the evening, you’re walking home along the street, and some bogan in the street, some Australian bogan, walks up and starts cussing, he starts swearing at you, he starts saying all these nasty things. So, I’m trying to put on a bogan accent there. So, he starts saying all these nasty things to your girlfriend, and you rage up, you arc up, you get incredibly enraged, incredibly angry, as a result of what he’s doing. A fight begins and it’s on for young and old. It’s on for young and old, as in, this commotion has started. Things are starting to get out of control. Things are going crazy. It‘s just on for young and on. Ok? Because a fight began.
Example number two. So, there’s a party at my place and you guys are all invited. There’s a party at my house, we’re outside, it’s a warm day, there’s a pool, no one’s in the pool though, and as I walk past the pool fully-clothed, I have my clothes on, all of a sudden, one of my mates jumps out and gives me a shove and I fall in the pool. Moments later, everyone else just jumps in the pool and starts splashing around, you know, they’re doing flips off the diving board, they’re jumping about, screaming, shouting, everyone everyone’s having fun, having some drinks. Maybe someone drops a beer accidentally and it falls in the pool, which is like a big no-no. But we could say, it’s on for young and old. This isn’t necessarily a negative sort of event, you know, like a fight or an argument, but it is still that there is a lot of commotion, that things are getting out of control. Ok? So, it’s on for young and old. Everyone started jumping in the pool screaming shouting having fun. It was on for young and old. It was on for young and old.
Example number three. Imagine that you are on YouTube, and you have published a video on YouTube, and the moment you publish it, the trolls come out of the woodwork. OK? The trolls come out of the woodwork. “Come out of the woodwork” is a cool expression used everywhere, and it means to kind of appear out of nowhere. I think it would be like, imagine having bugs in wood, in the woodwork, in your house, in a boat, whatever it is, and all of a sudden, they appear, they come out of the woodwork. So, the trolls on YouTube, these are the guys who write nasty comments and try and get a reaction, “the trolls”, start abusing the YouTuber. They start making fun of the YouTuber, the YouTuber starts replying with nasty comments. Maybe he is trying to troll the troll. He’s taking the piss out of the troll. He starts paying the troll out. The troll starts paying him out in response. So, it’s on for young and old. There’s a huge argument taking place. People are swearing at each other, commenting, it’s just going lightning fast. Everything is on for young and old. It’s on for young and old. Ok?
So, let’s go through a cheeky listen and repeat exercise, guys, where we can practice the expression “to be on for young and old”. And this is your chance to practice your Aussie English pronunciation. It doesn’t matter too much if you you’re not after the Aussie English pronunciation. If you want to practice your British accent, your American accent, whatever your accent is in English, just repeat the words after me. But if you are trying to nail the Aussie accent, then just try and say it exactly as I do.
Ok, guys? So, listen and repeat after me.
Listen & Repeat:
To be on for young and old.
To be on for young and old.
To be on for young and old.
To be on for young and old.
To be on for young and old.
It’s on for young and old.
It’s on for young and old.
It’s on for young and old.
It’s on for young and old.
It’s on for young and old.
And I want to show you, guys, I want to show you, guys, sometimes we’ll actually contract the word “it”, ok, at the start of sentences like this, and instead of “it’s” we’ll just say the “‘s” before we start the sentence. OK. So instead of “it‘s on for young and old“, quite often people might just say “‘s’on for young and old!”. So, let’s do that five times. Ok? So, instead of saying “it’s” I want you to just start the sentence with “‘s”. Ok? And it’s a good practice of linking the “‘s”, the s-sound onto the next word. Ok? So, listen and repeat after me again.
Listen & Repeat:
‘S’on for young and old.
‘S’on for young and old.
‘S’on for young and old.
‘S’on for young and old.
‘S’on for young and old.
Great job, guys, awesome job. Keep at it. Keep practicing that Aussie pronunciation. And before we finish up let’s go through an Australian fact.
So, I had something to correct, I had something to correct. Last week I said that Australia was colonised in 1770, in the year 1770, and this was incorrect, guys. This was incorrect. So, this is an example of owning your mistakes. As a result of making this mistake, I went and looked it up and I learnt a lot more about early Australian history. So, I wanted to correct that and talk about what actually happened when Australia was discovered.
So, when was Australia actually discovered and when was it colonised? So, there’s a lot of argument about this. Ok? Usually, if you ask the average Australian, “When was Australia discovered?”, they’re going to think about it in terms of British discovery. So, they’re going to say, “Australia was discovered on the 22nd of August 1770 by navigator and astronomer Captain James Cook who was from the British Empire obviously.”. However, between the years of 1606 and 1770 more than 50 European ships had actually made landfall, they’d arrived, they had I guess “fallen on the land”, the boats had hit the land and they had touched Australian soil. So, more than 50, more than 50, other European ships had actually arrived (in), had actually discovered, had actually found Australia between the years of 1606 and 1770. That’s like 164 years. Isn’t that crazy?
The difference is that none of these ships, none of these Europeans, cared about claiming Australia as a colony. They probably didn’t even know what Australia was. They would’ve come to Australia, they land somewhere, and having no understanding of the geography down there they would’ve just assumed it was a small island or some unimportant area and moved on shortly after landing there to collect water or to collect some food.
However, ok, so we’ve established that more than 50 European ships found Australia or discovered the Australian continent without claiming it before Captain Cook did, but before this time, Australian Indigenous people had lived on the continent for thousands of years. So, the native Australian people had actually lived here for probably more than 50,000 years, 50,000 years. That is insane. Ok? So, it just blows my mind every time you think about that. And that is why they have such a strong deep connection with the continent of Australia. The indigenous people, they have been here for, I guess, what… to put that in context, the Egyptian pyramids were built 5,000 years ago, I believe, again, I would have to look that up, but 5,000 years ago. If you go back another nine times that distance of time from present, another nine 5,000 years before that, that is when the Aboriginals first got to Australia.
Anyway, that’s the context of finding Australia. And colonising Australia, that occurred in 1788. Ok? So, Captain Cook found Australia in 1770. He then went back on his journey all the way back to Britain. The first fleet the first fleet of ships was put together, and 18 years after Captain Cook had found Australia, Captain Arthur Phillip and 1500 other people, who were convicts, crew, marines, civilians, arrived in Sydney Cove with The First Fleet. Ok?
So, that was the clearing up that I wanted to do with regards to discovery and colonisation of Australia. (It was a) bit of a long fact there at the end, guys, but I hope you enjoyed it.
So, again I’ll give you a little bit of spiel about The Aussie English Classroom, guys. You can now sign up to the Aussie English Classroom if you go to theAussieEnglishClassroom.com. Ok? You can just click on in a roll. It’s still one dollar for a month. Give it a go. Get in there. But now, it’s completely upgraded, guys. You get access to each episode like this as of course, you get points for finishing certain sections, you can make a profile, you can message other people, you can create groups, you can chat on there, you can comment after each of the lessons or on the course to discuss certain parts of it, there’s a leaderboard for points, and I’m thinking about giving away a free lesson every month to anyone who’s at the top of the leaderboard. Ok?
So, get in there and give it a go. It’s one dollar to enroll for a month. You can cancel at any time, guys. It’s risk free. I just can’t wait for you to get in there and give it a go.
Anyway, this episode has gone way too long. As usual guys, I thank you for your patience, I hope you have gotten a lot out of it, I hope you had an amazing week, and I would chat to you soon.
See you guys.
You can still download the FREE content below!
Enroll in The Aussie English Classroom
Members can also access and/or download:
Lesson Word Document & PDF Transcript
- Listening Comprehension
- Phrasal Verb Substitution Exercise + MP3
- Aussie Slang
- Pronunciation + MP3
- Connected Speech/Intonation/Rhythm + MP3
- Grammar + MP3
Reach fluency even faster!
Enroll in The Aussie English Classroom today!
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 1,776
By pete — 3 years ago
In this episode of Like A Native I teach you guys how native speakers of English often drop words like, place, home, house after a possessive noun or name + ‘s.
[sdm_download id=”989″ fancy=”1″]
Ep069: Like a native – Pete’s [place] = Pete’s
Hey guys! Welcome tot his episode of Aussie English. I’m going to rename these I think now. So, there’s going to be some of these episodes where I’m teaching you things that aren’t necessarily the exact pronunciation of a word and they aren’t exactly the most interesting expressions. Although, you could argue that they are expressions to some degree. But I’m going to rename them “Like A Native”. So, these sorts of phrases and words that you would say like a native, I’m going to make these episodes so that you guys, if you want to speak like a native, or if you just want to understand natives, I’ll teach you things that they say and do often as natives.
So, today’s episode is going to be how natives will often reduce ah… phrases along the lines of, “Pete’s place”, to just “Pete’s”, or “His place” to “his”, “My place” to “Mine”, “Your place” to “Yours”, “Jane’s place” to “Jane’s”. Any time we’re talking about a person’s home, a person’s house, a person’s place of residence, there, there home, etc, we will often just refer to it as the person’s. So, we won’t actually say the noun afterwards. We won’t say words like “house”, “home” or “place” after the person’s name, or after the possessive pronoun, we’ll just say the possessive pronoun such as “mine”, “Yours”, “his”, “Hers”, “Ours”, “Theirs” or we’ll just say there name plus an “‘s”. So, “Pete’s”, “Jane’s”, “George’s”, um… “Geoffrey’s”, etc.
So, what are some examples guys? So, for instance, I could say, “I’m going to Pete’s place for lunch”. “I’m going to Pete’s place for lunch”. So, it’s like I’m going to his house for lunch, his home for lunch, where he lives. I’m going there for lunch. You’ll often hear this change to just, “I’m going to Pete’s for lunch”. So, you just drop the place, home, house, whatever it is, you just say “Pete’s”. So, the “Pete” with an “’s”. “Pete’s for lunch”. “I’m going to Pete’s for lunch”.
“I might head to Pete’s place later”. So, this would become, “I might head to Pete’s later”.
“Kids you’re going to Grandma and Grandpa’s house this weekend.” and often you’ll just drop that “house” and say, “Kid’s you’re going to grandma and grandpa’s this weekend.”
We’re staying at his home for the night.” You’ll drop “Home” and you’ll say. ”We’re staying at his for the night.”
Or, the last example could be, “He’s going to her place later.” And you could just say, “He’s going to hers later”.
So, yeah. If you’re using someone’s name, so “Peter’s place”, you’ll just drop the “place” and say “Peter’s”. However, if you’re using pronouns such as “my” or “Mine”, “your” or “Yours” you have to switch between the possessive determiner such as, “my, your, his, her, our, their” and use the possessive pronoun such as, “mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs”. Don’t get too bogged down in the grammar here guys. But I did want to mention it in case you wanted to go away and look this up. And when I say the… the phrase “bogged down”, “to be bogged”. “B-O-G-G-E-D”, “Bogged”. “Bogged down”, “To be bogged”, it means to get your car stuck in the mud. So, if you’re driving your car and it gets its wheels caught up in the mud, or the sand, any kind of substrate or dirt, soil, sand, mud, whatever it is, if your car gets stuck that’s “getting bogged”. And, “bogged down” is like it’s sinking into the mud. And if I say that metaphorically with regards to something like “Getting bogged down in grammar”, or “Getting bogged down in the details”, it means getting stuck, or thinking about too much, thinking about in detail, really focusing on the grammar, focusing on these details. So, when I say, “Don’t get bogged down”, it means don’t focus too much, don’t… don’t get stuck on, don’t worry too much about the details or the grammar here for this example.
Anyway, let’s do a little switching substitution drill where I’m going to say, for example, the first sentence, “Pete’s heading to my place”, “Pete’s heading to my place”, and I want you to try and change the sentence to use the possessive pronoun where you would change the sentence to “Pete’s heading to mine”. Instead of “Pete’s heading to my place” you say, “Pete’s heading to mine”. So listen and repeat after me.
Pete’s heading to my place.
Pete’s heading to mine.
Pete’s heading to your place.
Pete’s heading to yours.
Pete’s heading to his place.
Pete’s heading to his.
Pete’s heading to her place.
Pete’s heading to hers.
Pete’s heading to our place.
Pete’s heading to ours.
Pete’s heading to their place.
Pete’s heading to theirs.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to my place.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to mine.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to your place.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to yours.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to his place.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to his.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to her place.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to hers.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to our place.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to ours.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to their place.
Tonight, Jane’s coming to theirs.
So, we’ll just do a few more with names and then the “’s” and then we’ll finish up guys.
I’m going to Pete’s place for lunch.
I’m going to Pete’s for lunch.
I’m going to Jane’s place this evening.
I’m going to Jane’s this evening.
I’m going to John’s place this arvo.
I’m going to John’s this arvo.
So, that was the episode for today guys. I hope you’re enjoying it, I hope this is helping you guys learn to understand spoken English as spoken by natives, and if you are interested in speaking like a native I hope it’s really helping with that as well. Anyway, [I’m] trying to keep these episodes brief so you can listen multiple times without listening to a lot of intro and outro speech, so I’ll cut it there and chat to you guys soon. All the best!
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 976
By Admin — 9 months ago
AE 448 – Expression: Get Cold Feet
G’day, guys. What is going on?
I hope you’ve been having a ripper of a week. I’m back again. It’s another Sunday and it is another expression episode, guys, and today’s episode is going to be a ripper. So, it’s going to be awesome. We’re going to be talking about penguins. That was the intro scene there that you had at the start. It was a video clip from BBC Earth’s YouTube channel. So, there’ll be a link in the transcript for that. If you love wildlife, definitely go check out that channel. But that was David Attenborough speaking.
I’m a massive fan of David Attenborough and it was his 92nd birthday probably two weeks ago on the 8th of May. He was born and a few days after the Queen of England. So, he’s 92 years old. Pretty crazy.
Anyway, a quick anecdote. Yeah. I grew up always watching David Attenborough films. So, my parents were both zoologists and they met at Melbourne University, I think, in the 70s, maybe the late 70s is when they met, and yeah, obviously got married, had kids, and we grew up with a heavy dose of wildlife. So, we would watch docos, we’d go camping, we’d go to the zoo. Absolutely loved animals. So, that was my sort of upbringing and obviously why I ended up going to university, the same university that they met at, and studying the same thing they did zoology.
Anyway, guys, this is the Aussie English Podcast, the number one podcast for anyone who wants to learn Australian English. Whether you want to understand it or you want to speak like an Aussie, this is the podcast for you, and it is brought to you by the Aussie English Classroom, which you can sign up for at theAussieEnglishclassroom.com. Remember that it’s only a dollar for the first month at the moment. You can get in there for one buck. What is that, like three and a half cents a day? And you can try the Aussie English Classroom. You can use all the materials in there. You can complete this episode as of course with bonus videos, learning vocab, expressions, there’s quizzes, there’s all sorts of good stuff in there if you want to take your English to the next level. So, this podcast is brought to you by the Aussie English Classroom.
And It is also brought to you by all the wonderful people who have supported the podcast. And remember, you can do this by signing up to Patreon or you can do a once off donation via Paypal, and that is on theAussieEnglishPodcast.com/support.
Anyway guys, let’s dive into today’s episode. We’ll be covering the expression ‘to get cold feet’, and this was suggested by Dan in the Facebook group. So, we’ll get into that.
But First let’s do a joke. So, the joke here is related to penguins. You know, had to connect these two things.
What Do penguins eat for lunch? So, penguins, the small little birds that live in the ocean. What do they eat for lunch? ‘Ice-burgers’. ‘Ice-burgers’. Do you get it?
So, Obviously, icebergs are those large pieces of ice that break off in Antarctica or in the Arctic, in the north… northern hemisphere.
And ‘burgers’ are obviously, you know, hamburgers or chicken burgers. They’re a kind of food where you have lettuce and cheese, bacon, other kinds of meat, and you have bread on top. That’s a burger, right? So, the joke here is ‘ice-burgers’.
Anyway, guys, today’s expression, ‘to get cold feet’, and you may also hear this as ‘to have cold feet’. So, let’s go through and define these words guys.
‘To have’. If you have something, you possess something, okay? You own the thing, you have the thing, you possess the thing.
‘To get’. If you get something you acquire that thing. So, you didn’t have it to begin with and then you got it, you acquired it, and now you possess it. And this can be physical things like, you know, a burger or it can be, I guess… well, still physical, but not like an item, okay? Like, you can get cold. You can get hot. You can get wealthy. You know? It doesn’t have to be something you can hold in your hands.
‘Cold’. ‘Cold’. I’m sure you guys know it’s the sort of… the temperature that is incredibly low. It’s not hot. If you’re shivering, if you’re out snowboarding in winter, you’re probably going to get cold.
And The last one here, guys, ‘feet’ the plural of ‘a foot’. This is the lower extremity of the leg below the ankle and you would usually stand on your feet. You would walk on your feet. You would run on your feet, right? Your foot, each foot, has five toes, a big toe, a little toe, and the three toes in between.
Anyway guys, what does the expression ‘to get cold feet’ mean? So, if you ‘get cold feet’ it means that you lose your nerve, that you lose your confidence, that you become timid, and it’s usually used as a polite way of saying… well, not necessarily polite, but a nice way of saying something like ‘to chicken out’, ‘to wuss out’, or ‘to bail on’ something and these are sort of phrasal verbs that mean to abandon something because you got too nervous, right? You wussed out, you chickened out, you bailed out.
So, where did this originate from? We’re not really sure but it originates from about the 19th century, the late 19th century, though again, the exact origin isn’t known. However, experts suspect that this expression may have something to do with the military, an environment which certainly offers a plethora of things to fear, situations to run away from, to bail on, to get cold feet from, and you would also imagine that there are plenty of situations where you could get cold feet, literally, in the army, you know? You’re running around in your boots and it rains, you got cold feet.
Enjoying Aussie English?
Support AE on Patreon today so I can bring you even better content!
So, as usual guys, let’s go through some examples of how I would use the expression ‘to get cold feet’ or ‘to have cold feet’ in day to day life. Okay?
So, example number one. Example number one is that you are at a wedding. Okay? And there’s a bride and groom, there’re two people who are about to get married. I mean, well, in Australia there’s gay marriage so it could be two grooms or two brides, but I imagine it’s a bride and groom in this example.
So, the bride hasn’t shown up. She hasn’t come to the wedding ceremony. And this is a classic example of where you’re likely to hear this expression. So, maybe she’s running late because of photography. You know, they’re trying to take photos of somewhere and she’s not happy with the photos. Maybe she is trying to do her makeup still or get her wedding dress on. Or maybe there’s transport issues, you know? Maybe they’re getting delayed because of that, the bridal party is getting delayed. Or maybe she’s changed her mind. Maybe she doesn’t want to get married to this guy anymore. So, she’s decided, “I’m scared. I’m nervous. I’m not confident about this decision. I’ve got cold feet.”. Okay? So, she’s got cold feet. She’s changed her mind. She’s lost her nerve, her confidence. She’s got cold feet. And if the crowd start murmuring, maybe they’re gossiping. It’s been a long time. She hasn’t shown up yet. They might be thinking, “Is she going to leave the groom standing at the altar because she’s got cold feet?”.
Example number two. Alright so pubs in Australia, these are places you can go and drink, and you can eat food, usually alcoholic beverages, and you’ll often see things like bands or single musicians playing at these venues. Pubs in Australia often have events called ‘Open mic nights’. So, ‘an open mic night’ is where you have the microphone for someone to sing into or play into… is it’s open for anyone to use. You just have to get in line. Right? You have to put your hand up and say, “I want to sing. I want to read out some poetry. Maybe I want to do some stand-up comedy.” Right? So, you’re a performer. You’ve gone to a pub. It’s a… it’s an open mic night, and you’ve told all your friends to come with you, because you want to get up and do some stand-up comedy or maybe you want to read a poem or maybe you want to sing a song. If your turn comes up, though, and you freak out, you get a little nervous, you lose your confidence, and you become timid, you might decide not to get up on stage and sing the song, read the poem, do some stand-up comedy. You’ve got cold feet. You have cold feet, because you’ve wussed out, you’ve chickened out, you’ve got cold feet.
Example number three here, guys, and this was something that I used to get faced with all the time. When I was doing jiujitsu my coach would always be hassling us, always asking us, always pestering us, trying to sort of guilt trip us into competing, because obviously he wanted the team to compete as much as possible and do really well. So, he would always be like, “Everyone needs to compete!”. I’m the kind of person that despite, you know, being able to create these kinds of podcast episodes and videos, I don’t like really being in front of a lot of people, to be honest, especially, when it’s like you fighting someone and there’s half a thousand people watching you. Okay? So, he would ask us to do this and quite often I would chicken out of entering the competition. I would wuss out. I would get cold feet. So, I would get too nervous. It would… the thought of standing in front of all these people and fighting someone else and potentially losing in front of all these people would give me cold feet. It would make me nervous. But imagine, okay, I did end to this competition. You could also use this expression if the time came to get on the mat and fight, so, they’ve said “Pete and…”, you know, the other guy “…Tim! It’s your turn to fight. Come out on the mat!”. If I ran away, if I didn’t show up, if I chickened out, if I wussed out, I’d gotten cold feet. I had become too timid and lost my nerve. Okay?
So, I hope you understand the expression, guys, ‘to get cold feet’ or ‘to have cold feet’. It is just to lose nerve, to lose confidence, and not do something. To bail on something. And then, if you want to kind of belittle the person a little bit and make it a little bit more sort of like you’re judging the person and making fun of them, you can say ‘to wuss out’, ‘to chicken out’, and then, just in general you can say ‘to bail on something’, which is just to leave something, to avoid something.
So, hopefully, those are some good phrasal verbs you can use when talking to your friends.
So, as usual, let’s go through a listen and repeat exercise, guys. This is your chance to practice your pronunciation. So, just listen then repeat after me, guys. Whether you want an Australian accent, whether you just want a prefect an American accent, a British accent, or just work on whatever accent you have, just try and say these words after me. Okay? Let’s go.
To get cold
To get cold feet x 5
A lot of stop consonants in their sentence, guys, when we’re talking about connected speech. A lot of stop consonants.
So, we’ll do this now using the conditional, guys. So, we’ll say “I would never get cold feet”. We’ll conjugate through that. And I’m going to contract a ‘would’ on to the respective pronouns for each sentence, right? So, instead of saying, ‘I would’, I’ll say ‘I’d’. Okay? So, listen and repeat after me.
I’d never get cold feet
You’d never get cold feet
She’d never get cold feet
He’d never get cold feet
We’d never get cold feet
They’d never get cold feet
It’d never get cold feet
Great job, guys. Great job. Remember, if you would like to learn the pronunciation of Australian English in much more depth. I really recommend signing up to the Aussie English Classroom, guys, where you will get a video breaking down all of the connected speech, the pronunciation, and other aspects of spoken English from this exercise as well as previous exercises in the podcast episode. So, sign up to the Aussie English Classroom, guys, and give it a go.
Anyway, before we finish up, I want to talk about fairy penguins or little penguins. Okay? So, today, we had at the very start of this episode a scene where David Attenborough was at Phillip Island talking about the smallest penguin in the world, the little penguins.
Now these guys weigh only about a kilogram and they only stand about 30 centimeters tall. They’re incredibly small and they are the world’s smallest penguins.
You can find these little penguins in southern Australia and in New Zealand in scattered colonies along the coastlines of these countries. And in Australia, you’ll find them all the way from out west in the city of Perth all the way east to Sydney, and then in the south, you’ll find them around Melbourne and in Tasmania. Okay?
So, if you come to Melbourne, though, they’re very easy to see, and you will see them at Phillip Island at night. This is probably the best place to go if you want to see them coming out of water and walking up the beach to their burrows. You can go to the Penguin Parade at Phillip Island and you can also see them at the St Kilda pier in Melbourne.
There are estimated to be about a million penguins left, these small penguins, little penguins, 32,000 of which live at Phillip Island. So, that’s pretty crazy. I guess, that’s only about 3.2%.
How do you tell the difference between a male and a female? That’s a good question. Well, you can’t ask them. So, you have to look at beaks. The adult females have a thin beak, much thinner than males, and the males have a distinct hook on the end of their beaks.
What do they eat? Every day, little Penguins have to go into the water, into the ocean, into the sea, and they eat up to 25% of their body weight, which is about 250 grams. And they’re eating fish like Barracouta, Anchovies, Red Cod, Pilchards, and even cephalopods like squid.
They can swim about two to four kilometres an hour, and for reference, humans can swim about six kilometres an hour.
Little penguins live in holes in the ground and we call these holes ‘burrows’, and this is a place where they can rest, they can nest, they can moult, and they can obviously get protection too from things like predators and extreme weather in Australia. Like, quite often it gets to about 40 degrees in summer and the best way to avoid that is going underground.
So, depending on the season, they can spend anywhere between 1 and 30 days at sea. That blows my mind. Imagine swimming around for a month. So, while breeding they return regularly to incubate the eggs and feed their chicks. So, that would be during the summer season. But during the winter season, they spend most of their time out to sea hunting for fish and squid for food.
These penguins don’t mate for life and if the breeding success of a couple of penguins is really low, they might look for new mates.
Little penguins lay two eggs similar in size to a chicken’s and both parents take turns incubating these eggs, which takes about 35 days.
Both parents then feed the chicks by regurgitating fish and squid caught at sea, and the chicks leave their parents and head out to sea for the first time at 7-11 weeks of age.
Their parents don’t teach them anything. They don’t learn how to swim. They don’t learn how to catch food. They don’t learn when they have the nest. It’s all based on instinct.
Penguins spend about 80 percent of their lives in the ocean. So, what’s that? One out of every five days on average they get out of the water. And on average, every single day they swim between 15 and 50 kilometres.
They’ve been recorded diving as deep as 72 metres. However, an average dive is between about 5-20 metres when they’re hunting prey.
Little penguins also have some really cool adaptations. Like all penguins, they have modified wings, which are called ‘flippers’, and the only flying they do is through the water.
They have a gland to spread oil on their feathers when they’re preening in order to keep the outer feathers waterproof so they don’t get soaked, they don’t get drenched and then get cold.
They have a streamlined shape, waterproof feathers on the outside of their body, a layer of down next to the skin to trap air and keep them warm under those waterproof feathers, and they also have a salt gland above their eyes, which helps them filter salt from seawater so they get access to freshwater.
Anyway, guys, that is the episode for today. I hope that you think little penguins are as bad-arse as I think they are.
Don’t forget to jump over to YouTube guys and check out the Aussie English YouTube Channel. Come to Facebook. Join the community and just take part, guys. Start using your English. Come and say ‘G’day’.
I’ll chat to you soon and hope you have an awesome weekend. See ya!
Complete this episode as a course when you enroll in The Aussie English Classroom!
Each course is a comprehensive English lesson covering these areas:
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 1,623