In this episode of Walking With Pete I chat a little bit about what I got up to over the Easter holidays long weekend here in Australia and how we as Australians tend to celebrate Easter.
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About the AuthorI learn languages, teach Australian English, and love all things science and nature!
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By Admin — 8 months ago
Learn Australian English in this vlog episode of the Aussie English Podcast where I talk about language learning habits, goals, & rewards. It’s a crucial aspect of learning any language quickly and efficiently.
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AE 458 – Vlog: Language Learning Habits, Goals, & Rewards
Try that again, the second time that I’ve done that now, where I’ve started filming and I forgot to turn the stupid microphone on. What is going on, guys? Welcome to this video of the English! I want to talk to you today about setting goals, habits, how I’m obviously going with the repetition system that I have set up, and, I guess, giving yourself rewards, ok? Anyway, don’t forget to subscribe, guys, hit the bell notification if you want to see more videos like this. Let’s get started.
Alright, so… I want to talk to you about goal setting, ok? And habit building. So, for the last few weeks, probably two weeks, I have to check, but I have been using a website Glossika. So, just so you know, this is not sponsored by Glossika, it’s just a program that I really like. So, this website is really nifty, it’s really… It’s really cool. Hopefully, you can see that there, guys. But it is a little bit laborious. It requires a bit of work. Every day when I do these repetitions, and, I guess, let me just see if I can show you what this looks like. Let me just adjust this camera for a sec. Alright. So, what you’re going to see here if I can reverse use this mouse, upside down, let’s see if I can get it… Boom! There we go! Alright! So, what’s happening here is that I have English above that I’ve muted, I don’t want to sound, and then below I have: (French audio). I have French below ok? I’ll just hit space.
So, what’s happening here is that you can set it up where you have the English playing, so you can hear at least your native language, right? So, you can have your native language here, and then, below you can hear, I guess for you guys it would be English. I have French in this example.
Anyway, so I have here, where can I see it? About 150 repetitions that I need to do and it takes about 18 minutes to complete. Every single day I’ve been doing this. It takes 18 minutes of my day give or take. And it’s just a really good exercise. I really like the repetition. I like the fact that it’s a native speaker. (French audio). “Does the film please you? Yeah, it’s really funny”. I like the fact that it’s a native speaker. You can hear his voice, you can hear the intonation, you can hear the rhythm, you can follow it, and it does well, because it gives you time to repeat the sentence. So, as you’ll hear, if I press space here, (French audio). So, firstly they’ve got (French), a question, with a bit of intonation, and then they have the answer to it, (French), and again you can hear the intonation dropping, (French).
So, it is good because it gives you natural content, it gives you someone who’s asking a question, quite often the answer to that question. I think that’s awesome! And what’s more, is that it gives you time to say it out loud. So, you get to hear in native, the content is really good and it’s natural, and you have time to listen and repeat, listen and repeat, listen and repeat. So, this is really good for pronunciation. It’s good for passively learning the patterns, to French, to English for you guys, and it’s really good too, because it’s set up as an SRS program, a Spaced Repetition System, meaning that you see the same sentences again and again and again, except that they are seen less frequently as you go through this system. So, it’s kind of like they’re little reminders so that you are reminded of sentences you learnt yesterday, that you leant a week ago, that you learnt a month ago, etc..
So, that’s a really good system. I really enjoy it. I’ve been working my pronunciation like crazy recently. Just listen repeat, listen repeat. So, that’s the first thing: I like this program. I’ve been doing it every single day and I have tried to remain consistent. I’ve missed one or two days where, for instance, I’ve driven from Canberra to Melbourne, I get here and it’s, you know, late in the evening and I’m just wrecked. So, I’ve missed days every now and then, but I usually try and do it every single day. So, consistency here is the key, guys, consistency is the key.
So, habit building. They say that you need to do something probably for, I think it’s up to two months, so about 60 days or so for it to become a habit that you do every single day. So, if you go to the gym you need to go for about two months consistently for it to become this ingrained, entrenched habit that you’re going to consistently do with very little effort required to keep you maintaining that habit.
So, for me at the moment with this kind of course I have to consistently be trying to do it every single day, put in the effort to remind myself to do it, pick a certain time of the day when I do it, and then just keep doing that every single day, and that’s slowly getting easier for me. It’s been about two weeks. I try and do it usually in the morning, though today, I haven’t done it yet.
And then, I guess, moving on to rewards. It’s important to have a reward set up so that when you finish the task you get something, so that you can feel anticipation for something that you want and that when you get the thing that you want, you didn’t get it for nothing, you worked for it, right? People appreciate something that they have to work for or that they have to pay for a lot more than if they are just given that thing for free or without having to work for it, right?
So, a perfect example for the day, and the reason that I wanted to make this video, was that today I thought it’s 12:23. You can see that on the clock there. 12:23, guys, 12:23, lunchtime. That’s the point. So, it’s lunchtime, it’s lunchtime. I want to go get some lunch. I want to go down and get some Mexican at a place called Zambrero. It’s a franchise here in Australia. I want to grab some Mexican and I thought, “Oh, yeah or I’ll just nick off down the shops, I’ll go grab it. Who cares? I’ve worked a little bit this morning.”. Then I thought, “No. I haven’t done my language learning. I haven’t practised my French. I haven’t practised my Portuguese. I don’t deserve the food yet, ok? So, I can do something for the next 20 minutes, I can work on one of these languages, and then I can reward myself by going down and grabbing some lunch.”.
So, that’s about all I really wanted to talk to you about today, guys, building habits, especially habits involving this kind of language learning. I really like the passive learning of vocabulary, of grammar. I really, really, really like the fact that you just listen and repeat, listen and repeat. I always am emphasizing this for anyone learning languages.
If you’re on your own. There’s no one here right now. Set your computer, set your phone up, get your language learning whatever it is out there and just listen, repeat, listen and repeat.
(French) So, the point is keep doing that again, again and again and work on your… (Portuguese). …and work on your pronunciation it is a never-ending task, guys. And then beyond that, build a habit, take about two months to force yourself to do it every single day until it becomes ingrained, entrenched, you’re going to do this every single day with very little effort. And then, on top of that, don’t forget to reward yourself, guys, even if it is things that you normally give yourself. Make it that you have to learn those things by studying and you’re going to feel a hell of a lot better when you get those things, especially, if it’s junk food or Mexican food.
Anyway, guys. That is it for today. I hope you have an amazing day and I would love to know down below in the comments, what is a reward that you guys give yourself for studying really hard? Is it Mexican food? Anyway, I see you in the next one. Peace!
Alright! Homework complete. It is time to go get some Mexican food. However, it is a little bit chilly outside. I tell you what, guys, that is why I am wearing this jacket, and I probably need some sunglasses as well.
I have to show you this… to show you this house, guys, here. That every time I the street, I’ll pass this house… So, it would be over 100 years old, two balconies, like, right around the house, all wood, absolutely beautiful, but very old.
More pretty houses.
This is what I am talking about. Enjoy your day.
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By pete — 2 years ago
AE 299 – Expression: To Cross That Bridge When You Come To It
How’s it going? How have you been? What you been up to? What you’ve been up to?
That’s a really good greeting in Australian English. What you been up to? What have you been up to?
“What have you been up to?” meaning “what have you been doing?”.
How has your week been going? I hope you guys have been well. I finally had my final presentation for the PhD.
So, I spent all week, well all the fortnight really, the last two weeks, putting that together practicing it, rehearsing it.
And then, yesterday, the day before yesterday, on Thursday, I got to present in front of the University.
That said, there weren’t that many people there. It was probably a small room of about 20 people.
It was pretty good. It took about, you know, 30 or 40 minutes for me to get through my 96 slides in my Power Point presentation for these guys.
But, yeah, (I) felt really good. We had pizza afterwards. I hung around with everyone there for a bit.
And then, (I) had to jump back home and give some private lessons.
So, it was a good day except for the fact that it pissed down rain.
So, it was raining cats and dogs as we had to walk from the Museum over to the University.
So, the University requires me to give my final presentation in the University or at the university, although I am based at the Museum.
So, I’m normally at the Museum because my supervisor is based at the museum.
That’s where he works. And so, I work there with him.
But I am enrolled through Melbourne University.
Anyway, so, aside from that, last night we went out. So, it was a big party with the lab that I work in.
So, all the people that I work with who are also students studying at the Museum.
We went out to a place called The Napier Hotel. N-A-P-I-E-R. And that is in Fitzroy.
So, for anyone living in Melbourne or planning to visit Melbourne, I really recommend going to the Napier, N-A-P-I-E-R, in Fitzroy, because they have the most amazing parmas.
So, “parma” is an Australian slang term for parmigiana. I’m probably saying that incorrectly.
Basically, a parma is a dish, a certain food, where you get… you usually get a salad, some chips, and you’ll get a chicken breast that’s been cooked in crumbs.
And then it usually has ham on top with cheese on top of that with tomato sauce on it as well.
Forgive me, my alarm just went off.
So, parmas are one of my favourite meals to go out and have in Australian pubs.
The Napier is an Australian pub.
This is one of these stereotypical Australian meals that you’ll find if you go out and about in Australia.
And so, the reason the one at The Napier is so good is because they use smoked kangaroo.
So, that may come as a bit of a shock to some of you guys, but we can eat kangaroo in Australia.
They are actually a pest species.
There’s way way way too many of them because of all the farming that we do.
They breed like crazy. Anyway, we can eat them. We have them often at restaurants.
You can get them at Woolworths, which is a supermarket chain.
But, the Napier’s so good because it’s smoked kangaroo that they use instead of ham.
Anyway, these parmas are huge. They’re about the size of your head. Really really really good good food.
On top of that, we drank a whole heap of beer.
Definitely more than I should have drunk, but I made it home in the end.
I, you know, walked home through the streets after hanging out with all of my friends, and we all parted ways, and (I) came home and pretty much got straight into bed.
So, I got home, walked through the door, and hit the sack. I hit the hay.
I went to bed pretty much straight away. So, that’s been my week.
That’s been my last evening. I am now sitting here in front of my computer chatting to you guys with a coffee.
So, (I’m) trying to sort of, hopefully, cleanse a little bit today, and be a little more healthy.
I might go get a salad for lunch. Anyway, today’s going to be an awesome episode, guys.
Let’s get into it.
So, today’s expression is “to cross a bridge” or “to cross that bridge when you come to it”.
“To cross that bridge when you come to it”. As usual guys, let’s just get into it.
Let’s define the words in the expression to cross that bridge or to cross a bridge when you come to it.
So, “to cross”, “to cross something”, this is to traverse something, to pass over something.
To go from one place to another place to cross something.
So, you could cross a river if you use a bridge to literally go across the river.
You cross the river. You could cross an ocean if you were in a boat. You could cross the ocean by sailing.
Or you could be in a plane and you could fly over the ocean, to cross it.
You could cross the ocean by flying over it. So, that’s the verb “to cross”.
“A bridge.” “A bridge” is a structure for walking, for driving, for riding across to pass over something usually a road or a river, a building, a path.
A bridge is a structure for crossing something else, for going over something else. A bridge.
“To come to”, “to come to something” is to arrive at something.
So, “to come to a stop” is to arrive at a stop. “To come to a place” is to arrive at a place.
So, I could say, “Today, I have come to this beach to go for a swim. I have arrived at this beach to go for a swim”.
“To come to” is to arrive at.
As usual, let’s go through and define the expression, guys.
So, if you say to someone, “We’ll cross that bridge when we come to it.” or you tell them that they need to cross that bridge when they come to it, it means that they need to solve that problem when and if it arises.
So, it’s a metaphor for solving a problem, for overcoming an obstacle when and if it arrives, when and if it happens.
So, “we’ll cross that bridge when we come to it” will mean that we’ll worry about, quite literally, crossing that bridge, we’ll worry about going over that bridge, when we get to the bridge, when we arrive at the bridge.
But figuratively, if we use this as a metaphor, it means that we will solve that problem, we will overcome that obstacle, whatever the obstacle or whatever the problem is, when we get to it, when we arrive at it, when we come to it.
So, to cross the bridge when we come to it is to solve a problem when it happens.
As usual, let’s talk about some examples of how we would use this expression in everyday life guys.
So, imagine, number one, that you are going on a road trip. You’re going on a road trip around Australia.
So, maybe you’re driving from Perth all the way east to Victoria, to Melbourne, where I live.
And then, you’re going to drive all the way north up the east coast of Australia to Cairns.
And that’s thousands and thousands of kilometres.
I think it be about 12,000 kilometres to do those two legs of that trip.
To drive from Perth to Melbourne. The first leg.
And then, to drive the second leg from Melbourne to Cairns.
So, it’s a huge road trip that you’ve got planned, and you have an old car.
So, the car’s a bit of a bomb. You’re worried the car’s going to break down.
It’s going to stop functioning. So, that something in the engine is going to go wrong.
Maybe something will break. A cable will break. Maybe the radiator will blow.
Something’s going to happen and the car’s going to break down. This is what you’re worried about.
If you say to someone, “What happens if the car breaks down?”, the other person could say to you “We’ll cross that bridge when we come to it.”
And they’re saying that meaning, “We will worry about that problem when it happens. We’ll worry about overcoming that obstacle, the obstacle of the car breaking down, if it happens, when it happens. We’ll cross that bridge when we come to it.”
Number two. Imagine you’re planning a surprise birthday for your mother, for your mum.
So, you want to plan this awesome epic surprise birthday with all your relatives, with all of her friends, with all of the gifts.
You’re going to cook up a barbie.
You’re going to have a whole bunch of food. It’s going to be an amazing party.
But your mother hates surprises. She absolutely hates surprises.
So if someone said to you, “Oh man! What happens when she gets here and she freaks out, she gets angry because it’s a surprise and you know your mother hates surprises?”
You could say, “Well, if she gets angry about it we’ll cross that bridge when we come to it. You can cross that bridge when you come to it. I’ll cross that bridge when I come to it. We’ll worry about this problem, we’ll worry about the obstacle that is mum getting angry about this surprise birthday party, when and if it happens. We’ll cross that bridge when we come to it.“
So, the last example, example number three, is that you are worried about an upcoming exam for an incredibly difficult subject that you are studying at university.
So, I imagine that you’re studying something like, at least for me, maths.
I was awful at maths as a kid, and I was awful at university, and I still am awful at maths.
Imagine that you’re studying for an exam that you need to pass in order to continue studying, and you’re incredibly worried that you’re going to fail it.
Maybe you say to someone, “Oh, I’ve got to study for this exam. I have to go and complete it. I have to get at least this score. I’m really worried that if I don’t I’m going to get thrown out of university.”
Someone could say to you, “Look, just do your best. You’ve still got several weeks to study. Do your best. See how you go, and if things go badly we’ll cross that bridge when we come to it. We will cross that bridge when we come to it. We’ll worry about that obstacle or that problem when and if it happens. You can cross that bridge when you come to it.”
So, as usual guys, let’s go in, let’s dive in, let’s do a listen and repeat exercise where you guys can practice your pronunciation.
So, listen and repeat after me, guys, and try to sound exactly like I do as a native English speaker.
Listen and repeat:
To cross that bridge.
To cross that bridge.
To cross that bridge when you come to it.
To cross that bridge when you come to it.
I’ll cross that bridge when I come to it.
You’ll cross that bridge when you come to it.
He’ll cross that bridge when he comes to it.
She’ll cross that bridge when she comes to it.
We’ll cross that bridge when we come to it.
They’ll cross that bridge when they come to it.
It will cross that bridge when it comes to it.
Good job, guys. Good job.
So, now as usual, let’s have a little quick chat about pronunciation and connected speech, guys, and how it relates to the expression “To cross that bridge when you come to it”.
In this one, I want you to notice that when we say “To_w_it”, “To_w_it”, “To_w_it” we join the two vowels that “-o” and the “i-“, “To_w_it”, with a W-sound.
So, this happens all the time in English.
And this, again, is not just Australian English. This is all forms of English.
When we have two vowels either side of one another, one at the end of a word, for instance “to”, and the other at the start of a word, in this case “it”, we link them.
And we’ll link them with either a “Weh” sound, a W sound, “Weh”, or a “Yeh” sound, a Y sound, a “Yeh”.
So, in this case, it’s a W. It’s a W sound. “To_w_it”.
So, listen and repeat after me, guys. I’m going to say “To_w_it” five times.
Practice your pronunciation, and then we’ll go through the listen and repeat exercise one more time so that you can practice this pronunciation and connected speech tip.
Listen and repeat:
I’ll cross that bridge when I come to_w_it.
You’ll cross that bridge when you come to_w_it.
He’ll cross that bridge when he comes to_w_it.
She’ll cross that bridge when she comes to_w_it.
We’ll cross that bridge when we come to_w_it.
They’ll cross that bridge when they come to_w_it.
It’ll cross that bridge when it comes to_w_it.
Great job guys. Great job.
Remember, that as usual, as I always go over at the end here, if you want to sign up to be a member go over to www.TheAussieEnglishPodcast.com, and click on Learn English Faster.
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So, we go through substitution and phrasal verb exercises, we go through pronunciation in connected speech exercises, grammar exercises, slang exercises, listening comprehension exercises, everything that you need to take your English to the next level faster.
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Anyway, guys I hope you have a great week. Keep practicing your English.
Keep practicing speaking, reading, listening, and writing.
Keep at it, and I’ll chat to you soon.
See ya guys!
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By pete — 2 years ago
In today’s episode of Like A Native I teach you guys a number of different expressive sounds used in English by native speakers, such as, “Wow!”, “Phew!”, and “Oh!”.
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Like A Native: Expressive sounds: Wow!, Phew!, Oh!, etc.
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Like A Native. Today I want to teach you guys different kinds of expressive sounds or expressions that you would say as a native English speaker. And this is something that it’s not necessarily imperative for you to learn but it will definitely make you sound a lot more native-like when you speak English. So, anyway, let’s just dive in and get started.
So, the first one here guys is “Ow” or “Ouch”, and this is often said when you get hurt. So, if you hit your thumb with a hammer whilst trying to hammer a nail into a piece of wood you could say, “Ow! Ouch! Ow! Ow!”. If you stubbed your toe against the leg of your lounge room coffee table when you got up off the couch, you could hit your toe and it could really hurt, you could say, “Ouch! Ow! Ow! Ow!’. That’s the kind of sound that we use when we hurt ourselves.
“Oh” is often said when you’re surprised. So, when you suddenly realise something, “Oh! I remember!” or “Oh! Is that it? Is that what you mean?” or “Oh crap! Pete’s here!” you know, if you come into a room and suddenly you’re friend’s here you could be like, “Oh crap! Oh wow! Oh geez! Pete’s here! Oh! Pete’s here!”. It’s that sort of expression of surprise, you know, you’re really shocked, “Oh! Oh!”.
You can also use the sort of expression of “Oh” when you’re frustrated. So, you’ve asked someone to help you to do something but they keep making errors or are really clumsy. You could say, “Oh… don’t worry about it… Oh… don’t worry about it”. It’s more of like a sigh in this case. It’s like an “Ohhh… Oh…. Don’t worry about it. Forget it. Oh… Jesus… don’t worry. It’s all good. Oh!” But it’s kind of spelt the same way. So, it’s an “O-H”, “Oh”.
“Ah” is a sudden realisation, “Ah”, “A-H”. Again these aren’t really written. They’re kind of just said. So, when you suddenly realise something or you understand something for the first time. Say, you’ve just figured out a math problem, you’ve just solved it. You could say “Ahhhh! Ok, ok, I get it now! Ahhh!”. And this one as well you could say “Oh”. So, “Oh” or “Ah”, it’s that kind of expression of understanding or realisation. “Ahhhh I get it!” “Ohhhh I get it!” It’s that “Oh” or “Ah” sound. “Oh”, “Ah”.
Another one is “Ah”, “Um” or “Eh”, and these are all sounds someone says when they’re speaking in the middle of a sentence and they’re trying to indicate that they want to continue to speak, and you’ll probably have heard me say this quite a bit in these episodes when I’m thinking. So, I’ll often say “Eh” or “Um” or “Ah”, and, yeah, so let’s give you some examples. “I think I’m going to… um… go home now.”. “I think I’m going to… ah… go home now.”. “I think I’m going to… eh… go home now.”. So, it’s just a kind of sound that you make to indicate that you haven’t finished speaking. And it is the kind of thing that people will try and encourage you not to do if you’re public speaking, if you’re giving a talk or a presentation or something. It’s the kind of thing that we always get reminded, you know, don’t say “Ah” all the time. Don’t say “Um” all the time.
“Oh wow” or “Wow”, this is another one where you would say it when you’re surprised or impressed by something like “Oh wow! He just won that competition” or “Wow! You look amazing today! Oh wow! Look how good you look!”. “Oh wow! It’s time to go! We’re almost there!”. “Oh wow! It’s pretty late. We should probably leave!”.
“Yay” or “Woo”. “Yay” or “Woo” are often say when you’re happy or you have succeeded doing something. So, you might say “Woo! My team just won!” or “Yay! My team won!”. “Woo! I’m going to go and see my parents this weekend!” or “Yay! I’m going to go see my parents this weekend!”, “Yay! Woohoo! Wooo!” These are different sounds that you’ll make in English when you’re excited about something, you’re happy and you’ve succeeded.
The word “Man” or the word “Geez”. “Man” or “Geez” is often said as an exclamation. If you’re really hungry you might say, “Geez! I’m hungry!” or you could say, “Man! I’m hungry!”. If someone’s annoying you, you could say to them “Geez! You’re annoying” or you could say “Man! You’re annoying”.
“Aww” or “Naww”. “Aww”, “Naww”, these are often said when something is cute or adorable. So, imagine that someone’s just brought a new puppy home for you, you could say “Aww! Your puppy’s so cute!” or “Naww! Your puppy’s so cute!”. So, that’s “Aww” or “Naww”.
And the very last one that I’ll do today is “Phew”, and this is said when you’re feeling relieved about something. So, imagine you watch on TV that a boy has gone missing, and they’ve been looking for him for a few days. They finally find him. So, you’re relieved that they found him. You could say, “Oh! Phew! They found the missing boy alive.”. Or say that you want to watch a football match on TV and you thought you were going to arrive home late after it started. You could say, “Oh phew! We got home in time to watch the footy match!”, “Phew!” if you get home before it actually starts.
So, these are some of these different words that you can use that are kind of expressive sounds. They’re not really correct words, and they’re often only used in speech. You’d never write these. You would say them. You might write them only if you’re quoting something that someone said in a book of fiction or something. Anyway, that’s it for today guys. I hope you liked this episode. I hope it helps. And I’ll chat to you soon. Enjoy!
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