In this Like A Native episode of Aussie English I teach you guys how to use the phrase “Will do!” to respond to requests or demands.
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Like A Native – Will Do!
Hey guys. Welcome to this episode of Like A Native, and today I’m going to teach you how to respond to questions, requests, or orders and demands with the response “Will do!”. And “Will do” is just short for “I will do that”, or “I will do this”, or “I will do the thing that you have asked or told me to do”.
So, I’ll go through some hypothetical questions or statements that people could say to you, and where you would respond with a variation of “Will do”.
So, for instance, your mum’s asked you to go to the shops to pick up some milk because there’s no milk at home. So, she could say to you, “Can you grab some milk from the shops?” and you could say “Yep, will do!”. And, “Yep, will do!” is obviously short for “Yep, I’ll do that”, but it’s just a quicker response. You just say “Yep, will do!”. If you were to say “Yep, I’ll do that” it’s a lot more formal because you’re sort of adding more words to the sentence. So, you reduce it down to just “Will do” when you’re talking to people like your parents or friends or even colleagues, you know, it’s just a more casual way of speaking.
Another example could be someone’s said to you, “Don’t forget to be home by 5PM tonight”. So, “I need you to be home before 5PM” or “By 5PM tonight”, and you could say “Ok, I’ll do that”, and that would be the formal way of saying it, or you can just say “Ok, will do!”
Another one could be that your boss needs you to be at work early today and he said to you “Make sure that you’re at work 10 minutes early”. So, that’s an order or a demand. Or he could ask you, he could say, “Can you please make sure that you’re at work 10 minutes early”, and you could say “Sure, I’ll do that” or you could just say “Yeah, sure, will do!”.
Another one could be your wife has rung you after you finished work and she’s said “Can you please pick up the kids after school” and you could say, “I’ll do that” or you can just say “Yep, will do!”.
Another one could be someone’s asked you to take the dog for a walk. So, they’ve said “Can you take the dog for a walk”, or “Will you take the dog for a walk” or they’ve just told you, “Take the dog for a walk”. You could say, “Alright, I’ll do that” or you can just say, “Alright, will do”. And the, “Alright, will do!” is just much more informal, much more casual, and a lot quicker to say. “Alright, will do!”.
And the last one would be you’ve just finished work and your husband’s called you and he’s said to you, “Can you please grab dinner on the way home?”. So, “Can you go and buy dinner at the shops?”, “Can you go and get take-away when you’re coming home? So that when you get home you’ll have dinner. I don’t want to cook”. So, they’ve said, “Will you pick up dinner on the way home”, and you could say, “Yep, I’ll do that. I’ll pick up dinner. No worries” or you could just say, “Yep, will do!”.
So, now let’s just quickly practice the pronunciation of “Will do” and I’ll run through this 10 times guys, and then we’ll finish up.
Yep, will do!
Yep, will do!
Sure, will do!
Sure, will do!
Alright, will do!
Alright, will do!
Ok, will do!
Ok, will do!
So, that’s really all there is to it guys. If you start using this when people ask you to do something or when they tell you to do something it’s just another very natural and… and native kind of way of responding to these requests or demands. And that’s all there is to it. Chat to you guys soon. See ya!
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About the AuthorI learn languages, teach Australian English, and love all things science and nature!
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By pete — 2 years ago
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WWP: Gum trees, Hollows & Bushfires
So, I just thought I would make another little video here guys, another Walking With Pete episode where I want to show you these huge gum trees in the middle of Melbourne, so in the middle of the city effectively. (They’re) right across the road but these gum trees have been here for so long in Royal Park, in the park that I’m walking in, that fortunately they haven’t been chopped down. So, the land hasn’t been, well, it’s been cleared a little bit, but it hasn’t been completely cleared of trees. So, to be completely cleared would mean that all the trees have been felled, they’ve been chopped down, and when a tree is chopped down you say the word, the verb, “to fell”, like “fall”, but it’s the past tense of “fall”, it sounds the same as the past tense, “fell”. “To fell”. So, the present tense (infinitive*) of the verb is “to fell” a tree.
Anyway, these trees are huge, and it’s crazy to be walking around in sort of open woodland, I guess. You’ll see them behind me here, open woodland in Melbourne, right near the CBD. I can literally see some of the buildings right across here behind me. And to have these huge huge trees just sitting around.
And, I guess, one thing I wanted to chat to you guys about that I hadn’t got around to it until now, and I just realised it because I think one of these trees had a really big hollow in the tree. Let’s see if I can see it. So, eh kind of. This one up here, let’s see if I can get in the shot as well just to be a bit vain, up here is a hollow. A hollow is where you get a hole in the tree and an animal can crawl in, lay eggs if it’s a bird, if it’s a possum or some kind of other animal like a lizard, well I guess a lizard lays eggs as well, but if it’s a possum it’s going to make a nest in there and it could live in there and have young in there. Hollows are incredibly incredibly important in the Australian ecosystem, and part of the biggest threat, or some of the biggest issues for native Australian animals is that they require these hollows to reproduce, to live, especially things like parrots. All these lorikeets that I’m always talking about around this area actually nest in hollows like that, and you have possums. The possums you will have seen in these videos like the brush-tailed possum, the ring-tailed possum. They all live in these hollows and they rely on them to reproduce and just to shelter, to hide from predators or just humans in general.
And so, the biggest problem is that humans destroy these trees, obviously, especially what we call old-growth trees. So, these hollows in these trees, like this tree behind me, this hollow up here has probably taken decades and decades to form. So, what you’ll have first, you’ll have a tree like this behind me with a branch like this one here where say a thunder storm, some kind of storm has happened, or wind, I’ll see if I can get that in the background, has come through during, you know, a gusty weather event and it’s knocked a branch down. So, this branch up here, which looks like it’s actually been sawn off, but say normally under natural circumstances the wind would come through and push the branch off the tree or break it off, the branch will fall on the ground like you see around me, these small little branches.
There’s a tram going by by the way. You see in the background.
And, it takes a long long long long time for branches like this in the tree to rot, to decompose, to break down, but eventually they break down and they fall out. So, all this you can see is actually quite old. It’s probably tens of years old, and it’s falling out of the tree. Eventually this will break down, disappear, fall out of the tree and what will be least is the base of what was once that branch. And, that base that sort of goes into the tree is what becomes a hollow, and this is what these guys, like these little birds, these little mammals, even goannas, other kinds of lizards use these hollows in order to survive, in order to have shelter, in order to breed. And so, they’re incredibly incredibly important, but a lot of these trees get destroyed and I think that is one of those huge threats for these animals, is that they have no where to nest, no where to get shelter because there are just no old-growth trees left. Even though you see in the background, here, you know, there is the odd big tree like this, all these other trees that you’ll see around them are incredibly small, and a gum tree like these ones behind me here, let’s see if I can work out my orientation, like this one here couldn’t house anything. It’s got no hollow, it’s got no where for any of these animals to hide, they need these massive massive gum trees that are, you know, over a metre and a have thick, and probably, you know, 30-40m tall, and this thing is probably over 100 years old, and they need them to have these kinds of, you know, branches that have been ripped out and the hole that goes down into the tree to become a hollow.
So, anyway, that’s a bit of a long-winded explanation, meaning that I’m talking a lot and taking a long time to explain the importance of hollows to native Australian animals, but yeah. It’s one of those things that you should definitely think about and appreciate when you see these huge trees when and if you come to Australia. So, you see these massive gum trees behind me. Realise that these gum trees could potentially be 100s of years old. Especially if they’ve got a trunk that’s, you know, over 1m thick.
So, just something to think about guys. Hope you enjoyed this Walking With Pete episode. Get some nature in you, get your biology lesson and I’ll chat to you soon. See you later.
Alright, so, I’m back again, I’m back again. I thought I would do another episode of Walking With Pete, and a bit more nature about these trees, these beautiful Eucalypt trees, because there’s a really good example down here a few hundred metres away of… I guess it gets me talking about bushfires, and bushfires are a big issue in Australia, but they’re kind of also required. Especially for a lot of plants, for example, banksias. Banksias are a plant and hopefully I… Peter who’s editing this video, put a photo in of a banksia tree and the seeds. Hopefully I can show you what they look like. And they actually require fire. They require bushfires to come through, to burn the land, to burn the trees, and that is what opens up the seedpods and allows the seeds to come out. And I think part of the reason that this has evolved, without looking it up, doing it off the top of my head and trying to remember from Biology 101 at uni, is that obviously when you’re down low, when all this stuff is here on the ground, you know, grass, small plants, all kinds of other shoots. This is probably not the best example, but whenever you’ve got these other kinds of grasses, plants on the ground, when a bushfire comes through, particularly a powerful bushfire that burns very hot and quickly it destroys all of those plants. And so, not only does it remove all of the competition, so all those plants disappear, they get burnt obviously, but everything that’s burnt turns into nutrients that goes into the soil. So, it’s the perfect time for banksias to open up their seedpods and let their seeds down into the really rich soil that’s now covered in ash and dead animals, dead plants, whatever it is, all this nutrient rich stuff for them to grow (in*). So, it’s a really cool evolutionary adaptation that native Australian plants have and allows them to thrive really really well with bushfires. And, in fact, they require the bushfires. There’s quite a bit of an argument and an issue happening in Australia with regards to the fact that we’ve cleared so much land and the fact that we want to prevent bushfires, because a lot of people have houses in areas where it’s forested. Where it’s dangerous we want to prevent them because we don’t want infrastructure, houses destroyed, and more importantly we don’t want lives lost, we don’t want people to die during bushfires. But, as a result, it makes it harder for nature because there are fewer bushfires in certain areas where the native animals and the native plants might actually require these bushfires to allow them to live. They’re adapted to them, they’re used to having these bushfires every year, every two years, every five years, every ten years. They’re an incredibly important part of these animals’ or plants’ life-cycles. But also, a big problem…
I just noticed that I’ve got seeds poking into my pants from walking through the grass.
Another big problem is the fact that when we put fires out and prevent them from burning… I’m trying to look for a good example… a lot of stuff, a lot of trees, a lot of sticks, a lot bark, a lot of grass, builds up on the ground, and it actually leads to the potential of there being an even worse bushfire in the future. And so, people are coming around now and they’re starting to realise the importance of bushfires and having potentially more frequent bushfires that are less intense. So, having them more often but as a result having less intense bushfires than trying to prevent all bushfires all the time, and allowing all the stuff to build up on the ground, and then potentially have that one in fifty year, one in a hundred year awful awful bushfire.
So, anyway, Eucalypts are incredibly well adapted to bushfires, and a cool thing that they can do, they have what’s called eucalyptus oil in their leaves. And again I’m just doing this off the top of my head. I don’t know the specifics, but eucalyptus oil, not only is it antiseptic, so you can actually buy it and use it to clean wounds, and eucalyptus leaves where the oil is found are the leaves that the koala eats. So, you’ll see them in the trees and they actually… it’s toxic. I think it’s actually a poison. So, these guys are adapted to eating poisonous leaves.
I’m just trying to get close to show you guys some of these lorikeets. Let’s see if I can get one eating in the background. Hopefully, I got a good shot of that.
So, koalas eat these leaves. These leaves are also incredibly flammable, this is what I was going to get to, because of the oil in the leaves. And you might be thinking, “how is this a good thing if you live in a country that has bushfires all the time? Why on earth would you effectively be wanting to produce leaves that are just going to allow you to go up in flames, literally, to go up in flames so easily?”. And the reason is, because these leaves are flammable they burn fast. They burn hot, they burn fast, and the fire’s gone through. So, by the time the fire’s gone through the tree truck or the base of the tree is not actually that damaged. It might be a little black on the outside, but because the fire went through all the fuel and burnt hard and fast it’s over, it’s gone, but the tree survived, the tree actually survived. Whereas, if it was a less intense slow burn the tree risks dying. And so, that’s why they actually have flammable leaves.
And so, another cool thing that I want to show you guys is the fact that when a bushfire goes through, and I’ll walk forward so that you can see this tree as I get… as I walk forward, the leaves can get burnt off, the branches can get burnt off, but they’ve got an adaptation called epicormic shoots that shoot out of all parts of the tree. So, the trunk, the branches, and even obviously down near the base of the tree, and you’ll see next to me as well… oh the sun. Bugger! You’ll see next to me there’s three trees here that look like bushes. They’re huge huge trees but they looks like bushes, because they… the people came through and obviously decided for one reason or another, the people from the city here, to chop off all the excess branches, and you’ll see that they’ve almost gone fluffy that’s how much all of these branches have just pumped out what are called epicormic shoots, these tiny tiny tiny little shoots full of leaves, they’ve all come out. So, this one right next to me, you’ll see, is just a thick thick thick bush. Look at it. See, and you can see it all coming out of the branch here. All of these shoots are coming out of the branch. And so, even though all of the entirety of this trunk, when the top of the tree was chopped off by the city council here, had no leaves, as a result, it effectively thought it had gone through a bushfire. “No leaves? Oh crap! What do we do? We push out all of the epicormic shoots and produce a crap-ton, a heap, a shit-load of leaves. And so, that’s why these trees behind me are just absolutely covered in these leaves.
And another thing that I wanted to show you was that when the eucalypt is young, or when the shoots are young, the leaves look like this, they’re incredibly thick, and they’re really really round, but then as the tree either gets older, or as the shoots get older, they start to take on this more stereotypical shape more like an arrowhead. And they tend to always point to one side like this. So, you’ll see… this is pretty much how you know that it’s a eucalypt. It’s got leaves that are shaped like this. And they often curl to one side.
Anyway, the sun’s actually quite nice at the moment. It’s going down. I think I’m going to walk home thought. It’s time to get some food. I’m fricken starving, I’m starving. But yeah, anyway, I hope you guys enjoy these episodes. It just comes to my mind and I think this is another one of those cool things that I can explain to you guys and tell you a little bit about nature and Australia. And, you know, actually use the degrees that I got at university.
So, here’s another example, these shoots down low have got incredibly fat round leaves, whereas the leaves further up the tree right at the top are going to be shaped like this, much more sharp. And, I’ve got to give you a shot of this behind me. The sun’s setting and I’ll give you a good shot of the trees just to say bye. Enjoy guys! I bet you can hear those lorikeets as well. Those fricken lorikeets. (There’re) heaps of them, heaps of them! See you!
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By Admin — 3 months ago
Learn Australian English in this episode of the Aussie English Podcast where you’ll learn how to use the expression GO DOWN THE GURGLER like native speaker.
AE 525 – Expression: Go Down the Gurgler
First, and today’s Sydney reporter Lara Bella in Bondi. Lara, what is it like where you are?
Karl, it’s really no wonder that our emergency services were so concerned about this low-pressure system. You can see behind me, it is a total white out down here at Bondi. It is absolutely bucketing down right across Sydney this morning. But, it’s not just this pelting rain, Karl, it’s also these really gusty southerly winds that are making the temperature feel a lot, lot, cooler, and also, down here at Bondi, we’ve had lightning snap across the sky. So, as a result, we’ve actually had to move under cover, because it was just getting a little bit too wild and woolly.
Oh, good morning, guys. It’s an early morning today.
I have woken up early to smash this podcast episode out, because I didn’t manage to get it done yesterday. I was hoping to, but I got a little bit side tracked, I got a little bit distracted, I was a little bit busy, because the new computer arrived. So, yay! The computer arrived and now I will have time to put my laptop through repairs.
So, I don’t know if you guys know the story there or not, but I have a laptop that I use for work and the keyboard started breaking. So, now when I type, there are lots of spelling mistakes because letters get type twice instead of once. So, it’s a real pain in the arse, because you have to go back, you have to delete different letters that you’ve typed twice. Anyway.
So, I’ve finally had sort of saved enough money to upgrade to a better computer a desktop now that I can use a lot more powerful and I can edit videos on it and audio and everything with no problems at all, so that finally arrived yesterday and the funny story was that I wanted to go to the shops to get some food and Kel was like, yeah, let’s go to the shops, and I thought, that the computer’s meant to be arriving at some point in the next few days, so maybe we should just have someone at home and I’ll go get some food or something, and then come back, and then we just decided, alright, nah, we won’t go. It’s all good. So, as soon as that happened, the person showed up with the computer. So, there you go. That was pretty funny. Anyway, guys.
Long intro aside, welcome to The Aussie English Podcast. This is the number one podcast for anyone and everyone wanting to learn Australian English. I hope you guys are having an amazing week. Don’t forget if you would like to get the transcripts and the MP3s for all of these podcast episodes, go to TheAussieEnglishPodcast.com and sign up, and, I guess, a little bit of news there, The Podcast site is about to be upgraded, so we’re going to put in a new player, a new transcript reader, and there’s going to be a better way of just using the podcast on your phone or on the site. So, stay tuned for that, and yeah, I’m looking forward to that.
Also, The Podcast is brought to you by The Aussie English Classroom, guys. Now, with this new computer and the new studio that I got, I have been able to record a heap of new videos, and I’m currently learning about how to put them together a little bit more professionally. So, this new course that I’m working on is all about spoken English as it is spoken by native speakers, right, like contractions, intonation, rhythm, everything like that, all the stuff you don’t really often get to hear about in classes. So, stay tuned for that.
And remember, if you were to like all the bonus content for this episode, as well as all of my other courses, go to TheAussieEnglishClassroom.com and for just one dollar you can try it for the first 30 days, and then it’s just a monthly payment after that.
Anyway, guys, the video at the very start there was all about severe weather. And now, that was from the Today Show’s YouTube channel. So, go and check them out via the link in the transcript, watch the whole video on YouTube if you would like to learn more about Australian news, Australian culture, everything like that. And I thought of this one because it’s linked in, it’s connected to, the fact in today’s Aussie English fact where we’re going to talk about floods.
Anyway, guys. Time for a joke. We always have a joke at the start here, right.
Why do we tell actors to break a leg?
And if you don’t know this already, in English you often say ‘break a leg’ to an actor when they’re about to go out on stage and perform, because it’s considered bad luck to say something positive, so, like, good luck, or whatever. I don’t know why we have this sort of thing. It goes back a long way in our history, but any time someone is going to go on stage, if they’re in a play or something, often if people want to wish them luck without being positive, they’ll say ‘break a leg’ wishing that something horrible happens to their leg. Break a leg.
So, why do we tell actors to break a leg?
Because every play has ‘a cast’.
Did you get it? Did you get it, guys? So, ‘a play’ is obviously the show that’s played at the theatre, right, with people on the stage, and the group of people in the play are called ‘the cast’, ‘the cast of the play’ all of the members in that play all of the people are the cast. But, ‘a cast’ is also like a mould, right, or it’s something that you can put around your leg made out of plaster, for example, when you break your leg or maybe your arm. So, if you break your leg, you’ll often have a plaster cast put around your leg to protect it while it heals. Okay?
So, why do we tell actors to break a leg? Because every play has ‘a cast’.
Anyway, today’s expression, guys, is ‘to go down the gurgler’, ‘to go down the gurgler’, and this is from Djib in The Aussie English Classroom Facebook group. Remember, guys, if you are in The Aussie English Classroom, jump over to the Facebook group, and each week I ask for people to suggest expressions that they’re having trouble with or that they’re interested in learning more about, we vote on them, and then they end up… the winning one ends up being the episode for the week.
So, as usual, let’s define the different words in ‘to go down the gurgler’.
Right, so you’ve got ‘go down’, this phrasal verb, and I’m sure you guys know this means to descend, right, to move downwards, or sink into something, right? To go down.
Now, ‘a gurgler’, this is Australian slang, and it is slang for ‘a drain’, right? So, you could have a drain in the bottom of your sink in the kitchen or the drain in your bath.
And when you have the bath or the sink full of water and you pull the plug out, the water goes down the gurgler, it goes down the drain. And the reason… I think the reason that we call it ‘a gurgler’ is because when water goes down a drain, it gurgles, it makes the sound that we call gurgling, right. It makes a hollow bubbling sounds like that may when water runs into or out of something. That’s to gurgle. So, we call ‘a drain’ ‘a gurgler’ in Australia.
So, what does the expression mean ‘to go down the gurgler’ or ‘to go down the drain’. So, it was originally the expression ‘to go down the drain’ and we’ve obviously changed it in Australia to be ‘go down the gurgler’, and it just means to be a wasted. Okay? So, you might waste a lot of your money. The money goes down the gurgler. You might waste a lot of your time. Your time has gone down the gurgler. Okay. So, to be wasted.
So, as usual, let’s go through three examples of how to use this expression.
So, number one. Imagine that your father has started a company selling tools, you know, things like drills or screwdrivers, saws, whatever it is, chainsaws. So, he’s opened a warehouse, he’s invested a lot of time, a lot of money, a lot of energy, into growing this business. He’s hired people, he’s taken people on to work for him, and it’s been doing really well. Then all of a sudden, business dries up, people stop buying things, maybe there’s some sort of financial crisis and no one wants to spend any money anymore, so everything goes down gurgler, right. Business has tanked. Business has dried up. Business has really slowed down. So, all of a sudden, his business went down the drain, it went down the gurgler. So, all that hard work, time, money, energy, it all went down the gurgler.
Number two. Imagine you’re an athlete and you’ve been training for years to be an amazing runner or maybe an amazing… I don’t know. What are some of these other sports that are at the Olympics? A javelin thrower or a shot-put thrower or discus thrower, you know, someone who’s trying to compete in the athletics at the Olympics, and your dream is to compete at the Olympics one day. So, it’s been your dream since you were little. You always showed up early in the morning to training sessions many times a week almost every day, and you’ve finally gotten to a skill level and the height of your development where you can compete in the next Olympic Games. You’re in your prime. However, just before The Games, you get injured in training, maybe you break a leg and it gets put in a cast, and you can’t compete. So, because you couldn’t compete and the next Olympic Games is like four years away, which is going to be a very difficult thing to sort of, you know, maintain your level of that amount of time until the next Olympics, you feel like you’ve failed and everything’s gone down the gurgler, right? All your hard work’s gone down the gurgler. The effort, the time, all those mornings you got up early and trained really hard, all that energy you put into developing and honing your skills has gone down the gurgler. It’s gone down the drain. It’s all been wasted.
Example number three. Imagine you are a single guy who’s on the dating scene at the moment. You know, you’re trying to meet the right woman. You’ve been going out with many different women over the past few months, getting to know them, but none of really tickled your fancy, none of them have been a catch. You know, your soul mate, ‘the one’. You haven’t clicked with any of them enough to say that you’re interested in pursuing a long-term relationship. But finally, the right woman comes along and you guys hit it off and you get along like a house on fire. You go out on numerous dates and end up in a relationship with this dream woman of yours, however, you end up doing something careless, reckless, or stupid, that leads to you guys breaking up. So maybe you cheat on this girl when you’re drunk or maybe you forget to show up to your anniversary dinner one day. If that happens and the relationship ends, it’s all been for nothing, it’s all wasted, you’ve screwed up, and, you know, you’ve wasted your time, your energy, everything you put into this relationship, the relationship has gone down the gurgler. It went down the gurgle out when you screwed up, okay. It went down the drain. It went down the gurgler.
So, hopefully now, guys, you understand the expression ‘to go down the gurgler’. This is a great Aussie expression. And it just means for something to be wasted, whether it’s money, time, whatever resource it is.
So, as usual, let’s go through a little listen and repeat exercise, guys, where you guys can practice your pronunciation so just listen and repeat after me, guys. If you are working on your Australian accent obviously really try and mimic me. If you’re working on a different accent, you know, British or American, don’t necessarily try to copy my pronunciation exactly, but say these words after me. Okay. Let’s go.
To go down
To go down the
To go down the gurgler x 5
My business went down the gurgler
Your business went down the gurgler
His business went down the gurgler
Her business went down the gurgler
Our business went down the gurgler
Their business went down the gurgler
Its business went down the gurgler
Great job, guys. Great job. Now remember, if you would like to go through the video today breaking down all of the different connected speech and pronunciation aspects of this exercise, make sure to go over to TheAussieEnglishClassroom.com and sign up where you can get access to all the videos for this episode and all the other courses as well.
Now, before we finish up, let’s go through the Aussie fact today where we’re going to be talking about severe weather, and specifically floods, right, you know, way too much water.
So, floods are a common occurrence in Australia and they happen when water from heavy rainfall causes rivers to overflow, to break their banks, and the surrounding, usually dry land, to be covered in water, to be submerged in water.
So, they occur every year in Australia and they cost the country between 300 and 400 million dollars in damages. Sadly, floods can also cause loss of life, most of which is 100 percent preventable, but occurs when people don’t take the right precautions and/or underestimate the severity of a flooding event.
Now, usually, heavy rainfall underpins most flooding events. In some places in southern parts of Australia, this can be due to snow melting at the end of winter or particularly severe storms caused by low-pressure systems in late winter or spring. Whereas in the north of Australia, they’re often caused by cyclones, which dump vast quantities of water once they make landfall in these wet seasons.
So, floods of this kind are often affected by the El Niño Southern Isolation. This is the oscillation between, I guess, amount of water in the climate. So, in the El Niño period, there’s less water. In the La Niña years, in the La Nina period, there’s a lot more water. So, in the La Nina period, heavy rains fall on Australia and floods can be even more common.
What are the different kinds of floods though?
So, we have slow-onset floods, which usually occur on inland rivers, and as the name suggests, they take a week or more to develop and they can hang around for months, and they’re caused by long periods of consistently heavy rainfall.
We have rapid-onset floods, which occur quickly and, as a result, they can be more catastrophic as there’s much less time for warnings to go out, you know, and subsequent time to react compared to slow-onset floods. Now, these occur on rivers in coastal areas and mountain headwaters of major rivers usually, so these river types that drain a lot more quickly, and thus, flooding begins and ends more rapidly than slow-onset floods.
Now, the last kind are flash floods and these occur when there is extremely heavy precipitation, so when it rains incredibly heavily, due to intense storms, which are more than local drainage systems, either natural or manmade, can handle. So, they occur with little to no warning and as a result have the highest propensity of any floods to cause loss of life. They’re often a big problem in cities due to ineffective drainage.
So, to protect against floods, there are a number of flood mitigation projects including building dams up river from flood-prone areas, as well as building levees and walls around river banks to prevent water from overflowing and reaching inhabited areas. However, these defenses can fail and extreme events and early detection is the best defense against floods. Thus, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology monitors river levels and rainfall in order to issue warnings as early as possible.
Now, a severe flood that I got experience with was in 2010-2011 in Queensland, ‘the Queensland Floods’ they were called, and these floods hit Queensland in the beginning of November in 2010 when I was doing fieldwork up the east coast of Australia catching goannas for my Master’s degree. And it was crazy, because there were thousands of people that had been evacuated from towns and cities. There were at least 90 towns with over 200,000 people affected. Damages for this flood cost something like 2.3 billion dollars, and tragically 33 people died in these floods with three still missing today.
So, that was a really bizarre time, because I remember seeing that story about a 12-foot-long bull shark, a man-eating shark, somehow swimming upstream out into the flood waters and swimming through a McDonald’s takeaway restaurant. So, there was a shark inside this restaurant. You’ll find that article online. Yeah. Anyway, floods in Australia.
I hope you enjoy this episode, guys. I hope you have an amazing weekend and I will chat to you soon. See ya!
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By pete — 3 years ago
In this episode of Aussie English I teach you guys how to use the expression “To head + direction”, such as “to head to”, “to head north”, “to head out”, “to head down”, etc.
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Ep068: Expression – To Head + Direction
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English. Today, I’m going to run you through an expression, an expression that I use quite a lot in English, and that a lot of other native English speakers use all the time, and the expression is “to head somewhere”, “to head somewhere”.
So, “To head somewhere” just means to move somewhere, to move in a particular direction, and it’s often substituted in instead of verbs such as “to go somewhere” or “To come from somewhere”, “To come somewhere”, depending on the direction you’re going. And this expression also, “To head somewhere”, it’s often paired with words such as, “To head to”, “To head from”, “To head up”, “To head down”, “To head north”, “To head south”, “To head west”, “East”. So, it’s often paired with a word that infers a direction. “To head into”, “To head out of”, “To head over to”, you’ll often hear it like that. So, some example sentences we should go through first. Um… you could say things like, “I’m heading to work”, and this just means, “I’m going to work”. “I’m heading north up to the coast for the weekend”, “I’m going north up to the coast for the weekend”. So, you can see there it’s paired with “North”, suggesting that you’re going up, or you’re going north in that direction. “I’m heading out tonight to go clubbing”, that just means, “I’m going out to go clubbing”. Ah… “We’re heading into a tunnel”. “We’re going into a tunnel”. So, this would be like if you’re in a train or something and you’re about to enter a tunnel or you’re about to go into a tunnel, you could say that you are heading into a tunnel. And then when you’re coming out of that tunnel on the other side you could say, “Hey, we’re about to head out of the tunnel”. So, “We’re about to head out of the tunnel”.
Um… a few more examples, “I’m heading to Pete’s place this arvo.” “I’m going to Pete’s place this arvo”, it’s the same thing. “We’re going over to Pete’s place”. “We’re heading to Pete’s place”. Ah… “Each day I head to uni at 9am.” “Each day I go to uni at 9am”. “How’re you getting to the party mate?” “I”ll head there from work.” So, “How’re you getting to the party mate?” “I”ll go there from work”.
Cool. So, there’s not really much more to it guys. It’s just the kind of verb that you will hear all the time, “To head somewhere”. “To head up”, “to head down”, “to head north”, “to head south”, “to head to”, “to head from”, “to head into”, “to head out of”. You’re going to hear this all the time in native[ly spoken] English, especially spoken by Australians I think.
Um… So, I thought I would run you through a substitution drill here at the end where I will say sentences using the verbs “to go” or “to come” and you have to try and change the sentence to use the verb “to head” instead of the verb “to go” or “to come” that I will have put into this sentence. So, try and repeat the sentence after me with the verb “head” and then I will say after that one the proper sentence so that you can check that you were correct. So, listen and repeat after me guys.
I go to work everyday.
I head to work everyday.
We’re going to the party tonight.
We’re heading to the party tonight.
They’re going to the servo to get petrol.
They headed to the servo to get petrol.
And a side note there, you’ve got to remember that “Servo” is “A service station” where you buy petrol, and diesel and fuel for your car.
I’ll go to yours in the arvo.
I’ll head to yours in the arvo.
And remember there that “Arvo” means “Afternoon”.
Are you coming to his?
Are you heading to his?
When are they coming to the pool?
When are they heading to the pool?
The train is going into the tunnel.
The train is heading into the tunnel.
The surfer’s coming out of the water.
The surfer’s heading out of the water.
I might go in for the night because I’m tired.
I might head in for the night because I’m tired.
Did you want to go out tonight?
Did you want to head out tonight?
I’ll go there from work.
I’ll head there from work.
We’re going up the coast for a holiday.
We’re heading up the coast for a holiday.
The train’s going south to Geelong.
The train’s heading south to Geelong.
I’ll go downstairs once I’ve cleaned my room.
I’ll head downstairs once I’ve cleaned my room.
The family’s going north to the NSW.
The family’s heading north to the NSW.
Are you coming down to my place later?
Are you heading down to my place later?
So, that’s probably enough substitution drills there for you guys today. Um… they may be a little bit difficult because I’ve tried to say these drills today at my natural pace, and with my more natural Australian pronunciation. So, you’ll probably notice when you go back and listen again that they have been said pretty quickly and that I’ve also joined some of these words, I’ve used the contractions that I would use when speaking such as saying instead of “Want to” I’ve said “Wanna”, all that sort of stuff. So, if you’re finding it difficult remember that you can download the transcripts online and you can read the transcript while you’re listening to these episodes and practice, and then later you can always listen to these episodes again without reading the transcript in order to keep practicing and keep learning English, and yeah, keep practicing my pronunciation if you want to learn an Australian accent the way that I speak. If you don’t, and you just want to be able to understand how I’m speaking, and the words that I’m saying and how I’m saying them then just repeat the sentences in your own accent as you would after I say them.
Anyway, that’s long enough for today guys. I hope you’re enjoying the episodes and I’ll chat to you soon. All the best.
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