In this Pronunciation episode I teach you guys how contracting IS onto nouns and indefinite pronouns is easy and makes you sound more like a native!
[sdm_download id=”1246″ fancy=”1″]
Pronunciation: Contracting IS onto nouns and indefinite pronouns
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English. Today is going to be contractions of the word “Is” onto nouns and indefinite pronouns. So, this is the last episode in the contracting of “Is”, and “Is” as I’ve said before is the second person singular form of the verb “To be” in the present tense. And so, here we’ll practice it with some nouns and indefinite pronouns before we dive into the substitution exercise. So, here we’ll do a listen and repeat exercise where you guys contract “Is” onto the noun or onto the indefinite pronoun. So, listen and repeat after me.
Listen and repeat:
The dog is
My car is
That tree is
A bag is
No one is
And I know what you guys are going to be thinking here after having done this exercise. It does look and sound pretty much the same, if not exactly the same, as using the possessive “’s” on words, and the way that you know whether or not it’s possessive [‘s] or it’s the contracted “Is” is through context. So, you’re going to know when someone is talking about a bag BEING something, a bag IS something, as opposed to something that BELONGS to a bag. So, “a bag’s zip”, for example. Anyway, it just comes with practice. You’ll get the idea just keep practicing these exercises and look for context when people speak, when you’re reading, or when you’re writing.
So, as usual guys we’ll go through a substation exercise. By now I’m sure you know the drill. I’m going to say a series of paired sentences. The first one is not contracted, or uncontracted, and the second one is going to have the contraction of “Is” onto, in this case, the noun or the [indefinite] pronoun. So, let’s get started guys.
The dog is mine.
The dog’s mine.
My car is in the driveway.
My car’s in the driveway.
That tree is very old.
That tree’s very old.
A bag is waiting to be picked up.
A bag’s waiting to be picked up.
No one is listening to you.
No one’s listening to you.
Nobody is interested in it.
Nobody’s interested in it.
Someone is looking for you.
Someone’s looking for you.
Somebody is going to find us.
Somebody’s going to find us.
If anybody is tired we can go to bed.
If anybody’s tired we can go to bed.
Everyone is waiting for the new book.
Everyone’s waiting for the new book.
Anyone is welcome to come to my party.
Anyone’s welcome to come to my party.
Everybody is pretty angry about the news.
Everybody’s pretty angry about the news.
So, that’s it for this episode guys. As I always say, keep practicing, keep repeating these exercises, eventually they’re going to become natural. You’re not going to have to think about it too much, and you’ll find that when you speak, when you write, you’re going to be using these contractions without having to think about it. So, keep at it and your English is going to improve dramatically guys, I promise you. See you in the next episode.
If you wish to support me and the many hours of hard work I put into The Aussie English Podcast then please consider donating a few dollars a month via Patreon! The more support I get, the more I can work on The Aussie English Podcast!
Check out all the other recent Pronunciation episodes below!
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.
About the AuthorI learn languages, teach Australian English, and love all things science and nature!
You Might also like
By Admin — 1 week ago
Prepare for the speaking test on the IELTs exam with today’s Aussie English IELTs episode 5 showing you how to talk about the weather.
Get complete access to the IELTs course as it’s released!
Join the The Aussie English Classroom for $1!
AE 523: How to talk about THE WEATHER | IELTs Lesson 5
So, this is IELTS episode number five.
I know, we’re getting there, guys, we’re getting there, guys. Hope you’re enjoying them. So, today we’re going to be talking about the weather and this is the discussion episode, where Kel is just going to ask me some questions and then answer them herself, but hopefully this will give you some ideas of how to respond to these kinds of questions if you get these kinds of questions on the IELTS exam, right? Or the PTE exam. If someone asks you about whether, even in real life, here are some ways of responding about it. So go for it Kel, shoot!
Before we start, I just wanted to mention that a lot of people on Instagram were asking for this topic. It is a very common topic. So, there you go! Now you can now study and make the most of it.
It’s one that comes up in small talk quite often too. If someone finds out where you’re from and they realize you’re in a different, you’re from a different location, they’ll quite often be like ”oh what’s it like there?” and you can talk about the weather as part of that. You know, it’s rainy, it’s sunny, it’s hot, it’s cold. So, anyway, go for it Kel.
So, the first question I have here is what’s the weather like in your country? So, that’s question they might ask you on your first task, the task one of the speaking test.
Yeah. What’s the weather like in your country?
Yeah. So, basically they want you to talk about yourself, like your experiences and your country. And I would answer that saying that my, the weather in my region is not very changeable.
Not very variable.
No. We pretty much have sunny days, blue skies all the time.
It’s consistent. It’s always the same thing.
Doesn’t fluctuate. Yeah. So, what’s it like, though, it doesn’t change, but is it hot, is it cold?
It is hot all the time. Humid, we get a lot of rain. That’s, you know, I think summer, you say summer rain?
Yeah. So, is it seasonal?
Yes. So, you get a lot of rain, but still really hot and humid, which is, you know, really good if you, you’re the kind of person who likes going to the beach and sunbathing and doing sports outside, but if you’re more like me, I don’t really like those things. I don’t really like sweating, so it’s hard for me to get used to it.
Would you say that the weather is… it may not be very variable in your region in the country, but in the country as a whole is the weather variable in Brazil?
Yes. As you go south, further south it gets a bit cooler. It’s still hot, but you have more defined seasons. So, winter is a proper winter. So, when you have, you know, some places even snow. But as you go up, up north, it doesn’t change much. My place is very close to the Equator.
So, the changes are really tiny, we can’t we don’t even say we have four seasons there because we don’t feel the difference, right? So, is it either raining hot or it’s sunny and it’s hot.
So, if would answer that question I guess I would say sort of the same in, well… not really, in Victoria at least, it is very variable. So, it changes all the time. So, at the moment it’s summer, but even then it’s, you know, pleasant days about 20 degrees, then some days that are like 40 degrees and then there’s a cool change in the afternoon and it goes down again to 20 degrees so, that’s kind of what it’s like during summer, but it’s it’s like that the whole year too, where the weather tends to fluctuate quite a bit. You’ll have hot days, cold days, wet days, sunny days, lots of rain, lots of wind as well. It’s very variable and changes quite a bit, but in the whole country it’s very variable. So, it’s sort of like you were saying about North in Brazil, the further North in Australia you go, the warmer it gets because we’re in the southern hemisphere and the more consistent the days will be with temperature, humidity and everything like that in the north. So, the further north you go, once you get to sort of right up North, it’ll be like you were seeing in Brazil with those… the wet season and the dry season, but you won’t get the distinctive, you know, summer, autumn, spring and winter seasons so, yeah… But it tends to be quite pleasant in most places in Australia, but pretty hot, especially in the desert.
Victoria is really the kind of weather I like, you know, we have… we might have one or two days when it’s really hot, but then the rest of the week is just like pleasant, nice and you have this breeze…Yeah. So, do you think the weather affects your food?
Does the weather reflect the mood? I think so. If it’s…I remember living in Melbourne and during winter in Melbourne it was always raining. It was always wet. It was always dark and gloomy and a little bit depressing and I think that kind of has a flow on effect to your mood as well so, if you’re going outside every day and you know you want to be active, you want to go for a run and you want to go for a walk, you want to see people, you want to go outside, if it’s always unpleasant, I think it bleeds over into your mood and makes you a bit depressed. What do you think? Does that weather affect your mood?
That’s what my friend who is from London says all the time like, ”I feel so depressed here, it’s always gloomy and you know grey and weird”.
Overcast with lots of clouds.
I honestly feel very different about it like, I hate leaving the house when it is too hor and bright so, when it’s overcast, that’s when I feel really good and I wanted it outside and I know it’ll be pleasant, right? I won’t be sweating all over, I’ll be uncomfortable in anyway.
But it has to be overcast without rain.
Yes, when it’s raining obviously it makes things much harder, right? ‘Cause for me I take public transportation, for example, to go to Melbourne where I study. So, you would make my life really hard to have to take the train and then, you know, it’s raining, I’ll get wet and everything, but yeah, I think when it’s too, and sunny and bright and like just… dry, like here in Victoria you have this really dry wind.
Dry heat. I like it, I like it. You don’t like it. But what was it like when you were back in Brazil in the north, living in a hot humid environment, that affect your mood?
Yes it does, but I again I wouldn’t leave the house. I would always have the fan on or the air conditioner on. It affects me in a way that I feel really uncomfortable and I feel gross and greasy and just like I don’t want to, I don’t like sweating at all so, when it’s hot like I’m the opposite like…. you feel more willing to do things at a time when it’s hot, but I feel like I want to avoid this, I don’t want to be outside because it’s too hot, but obviously if I’m going like sightseeing or on a holiday trip or something you want to take photos, right? You want to see places very clearly and that’s when I feel like yeah if it’s overcast, I can’t really take good photos, I can’t make the most of it.
It’s a tradeoff and this is I think why I like Victoria weather there’s so much because it does go up and down and it changes quite a bit so, you don’t… at least in spring and autumn, when it’s going in and out of winter, you don’t really get stuck in long periods of one type of weather, it’s not…it’s not hot and sunny for a year two weeks in a row and it’s also not cold and rainy for two weeks in a row, tends to change quite a bit. I like that aspect of the weather and the climate here in Victoria. What are some of the other questions you had here?
So, what do you usually do in the winter? There would be a hard question for me. I mean, talking about Brazil because I… in Brazil didn’t experience winter, right? It was really hot and humid.
You didn’t have winter, they don’t have winter in Brazil?
Well, not in my place, we don’t have winter, we have the wet season when it’s raining, but it’s not as if it’s cold or anything.
So, the first time you experienced winter was when you came to Australia?
Basically, yeah, pretty much when we went to Canberra, because… that was freezing cold.
That was negative degrees, right? It got below zero.
It was foggy, it was really… it was a proper winter so, it was my first experience with the winter, but I just… I would say I stay at home, I have hot, a mug with my hot chocolate and try to be cosy and warm.
And just hide from it all.
I like being outside when it’s cold, to be honest. The thing with winter is, that’s my theory, If it’s cold, you can put layers on, you can have three jackets or whatever, but when it’s hot you can’t go out naked, right? There is no way you can avoid feeling uncomfortable.
You can’t take your skin off if it gets too hard as well, right?
But things that people are usually do in the winter, they go skiing, right? We went to the…. Perisher?
Yeah, exaclty. To the mountains to see the snow.
Yeah, it was really, it was really nice. So, those like… is it like winter sports like a popular thing in Australia, do you think?
Winter sports, yeah, I think so because at least in the south east so, in the south east of Australia we have the Alps, the mountains that are nearby and so people can go skiing because it snows there, but everywhere else in Australia it doesn’t snow. So, that’s a very New South Wales/Victoria they are the states where you can do that and for instance my brother in law goes snowboarding every year. Not everyone does because it’s quite expensive here too in Australia so, you can go skiing, you can go snowboarding, but because we have only a little bit of snow and a lot of people who want to go, it’s one of the most expensive places in the world to enjoy winter sports and also it’s just not that good. So, you could probably have a better time going to Japan or going to New Zealand, which are relatively close by, and you know skiing snowboarding instead of spending a lot of money to go to Australia where it’s somewhat limited.
Yeah, I guess that’s it for the first part, we’ve talked about like… we used a lot of weather vocabulary to talk about those things. Yeah, those are the kind of questions you might get asked.
Yeah, awesome, good job, guys! Well, we will see you in the next video. Don’t forget to sign up to The Aussie English Classroom if you want access to that, where we’ll be going through all of the different vocabulary, expressions and I guess, what would you call it? Grammar even you’ve got here on to how to set up structures and nice sentences when talking about this sort of stuff. So, we’ll see there.
Get complete access to the IELTs course as it’s released!
Join the The Aussie English Classroom for $1!
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 728
By pete — 1 year ago
AE 363 – WWP Story Time:
That Time I Caught A Deadly Snake!
G’day guys, how’s it going? Welcome to this episode of Story Time, Walking with Pete. I am walking around, I think it’s Princes Park, Princes Park, which is a park across the road from Melbourne University to the north of the CBD in Melbourne. (It’s a) really beautiful park. (There are) loads of people walking around, running around.
But today, I want to talk to about that time I caught the second most deadly snake in the world. This was an eastern brown snake, when I was probably nine or 10 years old. So, I was a very stupid kid.
But, yeah, so Story Time! I thought, again, just to remind you I’m trying to do these episodes to mix it up a little, give you give me some different vocab, tell me some stories about me. But, when I was a kid I used to love fossicking. I used to absolutely love fossicking. And “to fossick” is to, like, look for things. So, I used to lift rocks up, push logs over, lift logs up, pull bark off trees up at the farm, where my grandparents had a farm. And there were loads of animals. There were always heaps and heaps of really cool little animals hanging around the cabin. We had a wooden cabin up there that my parents used to drive us up to with the whole family. And, yeah, it used to be amazing. So, we had this cabin because my grandparents, probably back in the 50s or 60s, I’m not exactly sure when but probably the 60s. They bought this log cabin and built it on a piece of land near Bendigo, up in the northwest of Victoria. I think it’s sort of central Victoria really.
But, it was a beautiful bit of land. And they used to have sheep on the land. They used to have the sheep shorn once a year before summer. So, they’d get all the wool from the sheep and my grandfather would sell it. This was his sort of little hobby.
And so, it used to be a full family event. The whole family would go up. I’d have cousins, uncles, aunties there, my parents, my sister would be there, my grandparents, obviously. And my grandfather used to hire a shearman, or a shearer*, to come to the farm to shear the sheep. And we’d do it all in a weekend. I think it’d usually be one or two days. I think my grandfather only had maybe 200 sheep, and so a good shearer could probably get through that in a day or two, obviously.
And so, yeah, the guy we had used to smash it out in a day, and it was a really good fun event. We’d be collecting the wool and everything, but usually the kids would be off doing stuff, entertaining themselves, hanging around the farm, whilst the parents or the adults were all involved in the shearing process.
So, we had, I guess, an old shed, a really big old shed where the sheep would be brought in, and then they’d be shorn and pushed down a ramp out into the field again, and my parents and grandparents would be going through the wool, making sure it was good quality, pulling all of the seeds and everything out of it, and then bailing it into a big bale to send off and be sold at auction. So, while they were doing that, every… all the little kids, I mean, we could be involved. Sometimes we were asked to be involved, but you know what little kids are like. We get bored pretty quickly. We’ve got the attention span of a bee.
That’s a really big tram coming past that you can probably hear. I’ll just wait for it to pass.
And so, quite often we’d help out in the morning and then disappear outside in the afternoon and just, you know, run around the farm and entertain ourselves.
So, I used to do that. I’d be lifting up rocks, pulling off bits of bark off trees, rolling logs over, and just looking for mostly lizards. I used to really like reptiles. I really love lizards. I’d love to see snakes, but I was educated pretty quickly in Australia, as are most kids, especially, those who go out of the city and are likely to come in contact with snakes, that they are dangerous, and that you should not touch them. You shouldn’t pick them up. You leave me alone and they’ll leave you alone. Make sure you make a lot of noise when you walk around. They’re kind of the equivalent of Australia’s bears, I guess, in that respect, where you’re meant to sort of stomp around and not creep through the grass for fear of sort of stepping on one while it’s trying to sleep or sunbathe.
And so, one summer, I was there and we were outside the cabin, and I was looking around under a bunch of different big rocks that I hadn’t lifted before, and I lifted up one and there was a little snake curled up under it, and it shocked me. I think I jumped back like 10 feet, ’cause I wasn’t expecting to see a snake under that rock. And it disappeared down a little ant hole. It was only a small one. It wasn’t a, you know, fully grown adult snake. That I would not have got near, I would have shat myself, run away, and screamed, probably.
So, anyway, at the time that I was hitting this rock up my parents were actually getting ready to go. So, the moment that I discovered this thing sleeping under a rock, trying to hide from young boy predators, I had to leave. So, I had to put the rock back down. I think I remember screaming “Mum, dad, I found a snake! Come check it out!” but, they were like, you know, “leave it alone, get in the car, we’ve got to go. We’ve got to go back to, you know, real life and work”, ’cause it would have been probably Sunday, a Sunday afternoon.
So, that was in summer. So, this is when these things are the most active, right? And so, we used to come back to the farm every six months or so. And I remember, we came back six months later, just before winter, or just during winter, and the instant, the instant that we got there I had that snake in my mind, that’s what I was thinking about. I was like “Is he still going to be under that rock?”. And, as soon as I got out of the car I made a beeline for the rock. I went straight to it like a bee buzzing going straight to a flower. I made a beeline straight for that rock, lifted it up, and low and behold, the snake was there.
And so, it was funny, because instantly I had my little bucket that I used to carry around with me to put insects and lizards and spiders and stuff in. I would take it inside and normally keep them overnight. You know, look at them, put some leaves in there for them to hide in, and kind of observe how these animals behaved. And then, I would put them back outside the next day.
My parents were always very conscious of the environment and wanted me to take care of things, you know. They’d always be like, “Put the rocks back where you found them. Don’t leave them upturned. Put the logs back. Put the animals back exactly where you found them. Make sure they’re okay, and, you know, it’s bad enough that you’re picking these things up and taking them out of their homes, but just put them back afterwards and leave them alone. After they’ve, you know, gone along with their day”.
So, I had this bucket there and I picked up a stick, and because it was winter the snake was so cold it could barely move. And I put this thing in the bucket. I was so proud. And it was like probably really early morning, and I remember walking in to my grandparents’ farm (cabin*) and, you know, (I) had a massive smile on my face, (I was) incredibly proud of myself. I caught a snake, finally. I’d never caught one before, and I haven’t caught one since. Needless to say, my parents and my grandparents were not impressed. They were not impressed.
Yeah, so, it was pretty funny. I got to hold on to it. I remember Dad just sort of being shocked, and I remember looking up… we had a book there, a book with all the different reptiles of Australia in it, and this… the snake that we’d caught had these little distinctive markings on it. I think it was either on its head or on its neck. And I didn’t expect it to be, you know, an incredibly venomous snake. I expected it to be venomous, ’cause most of them down here are. We don’t really how many pythons down in the southern part of Australia. They tend to just be what are called “Elapids”, and they’re the venomous ones. But, when we looked up the book the snake that best fit the description of the one that I’d caught was an eastern brown snake, and they are one of the most toxic snakes out there. They have the most… second or third most toxic venom of Australian snakes.
The number… the place number one belongs to… what are they called again? (I’ve) Forgotten off the top of my head. These guys are killers, though. What are they called? Taipans, Taipans! So, you’ve got the inland and the coastal taipans in Australia. I’m not sure, I think they’re a different species, but they might be subspecies. But those two are the most venomous of all snakes. And then I think one of their close relatives the eastern brown, which was the one that I’d caught, is second or third on the list.
And so, yeah, that was a really a fun adventure. I remember we had it overnight, we took some photos of it, and then, unlike the rest of the animals that I used to catch, we did not leave this one… we did not let it go near the house where I found it. Instead, we took it across the road into the forest and let it go there, because, obviously, my grandparents and my parents wanted it as far away from where the children were going to play as possible.
So, that was the time that I caught one of the most venomous snakes in Australia. But, yeah, it is interesting. They’re… I can probably leave this for another story at another time, but people seem to have a big fear of snakes when they come to Australia, but, to be honest, you’re rarely, if ever, going to come across them, and when you are, it’s going to probably be because you’ve gone looking for them or you have, you know, gone out into the bush into a really stupid place. But yeah, they’re not going to jump up and hurt you.
Anyway, I we’ll leave that for another time. I hope you’ve enjoyed this episode, this Story Time episode of Walking With Pete, guys! Tell me about something that you’ve done when you were a kid that was equally as stupid or careless or reckless in a comment below and I will chat to you soon. See you guys!
Check out all the previous Walking With Pete episodes here!
Become a member to get weekly lessons to improve your Aussie English!
Want to support the podcast?
Click the image below to become a supporter on Patreon today!
New course just released!
Save $13 by enrolling before the course is complete!
When you enroll as a student in the Effortless Phrasal Verb course you’ll get access to:
- 2 lessons per week as they are released, which will include:
- Video of LiveStream + Slideshow
- Downloadable PDF / .doc Transcript
- Downloadable MP3 for each lesson
- Phrasal verb glossary for each lesson
- Exercises to learn each lesson’s phrasal verbs
- Access to the private EPV Facebook student group.
Live Stream Lessons
MONDAYS & THURSDAYS
7PM EST (UTC +10 HRS)
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 973
By pete — 1 year ago
In this short episode of question and answer episode of Aussie English I answer Abdul’s question, “How can I practice English alone?”.
AE 302 – Q&A: How Can I Practice Speaking English Alone?
“How can I practice speaking by myself?” asks Abdul.
Abdul, I’d recommend chatting to yourself.
So, for instance, if I started learning some vocabulary right now, say I was wanting to learn the pronunciation of beer, bird, and beard.
I would start saying them aloud.
There’s no one here. I would just be like beer, beer, beer, beer, bird, bird, bird, bird.
And then, so you get used to saying it, beer, bird, beer, bird, and switching between them.
So, you practice the different pronunciation side by side.
Beer, bird, bear, beer, bird, bear. Practice that.
And then, use them in sentences. I drink a beer. I see a bird. I have a beard.
I want to eat a bird. I like birds. Birds are nice. Is…there’s a bird in my beard.
You know? You just keep using it. Keep practicing. And that applies to anything.
If you’re learning pronunciation, if you’re learning grammar, say you want to learn how to use the word “go”, and you want to conjugate in the present tense.
I go home, you go home, he goes home, she goes home, we go home, they go home, it goes home.
I would sit there and be practicing it like that.
I might go home later. I might go to the beach. He might go home later. He might go to the beach.
So, I would play around with it like that where I try and use it as much as possible.
If I’ve got no one to talk to, your mouth and your brain don’t really know, at least with respect to learning and practicing the language, if someone else is there.
They don’t know. Your mouth doesn’t know.
So, if you’re using it on your own you can practice these things and trick your mouth, and part of your brain, at least, into thinking there’s someone else there, because you’re still using the language.
So, I think that’s a way that you guys can really hack language learning.
You can do this on your own as much or as little as you like.
But, you can practice all the things you find difficult that you’re not comfortable saying in front of other people.
So, for instance, if you’re not sure how to use words like “awful” and “awfully”, or “awful” and “awesome”, look up the definitions, find some example sentences, start saying them allowed to practice your pronunciation, look up the pronunciation of those words on dictionaries.
A lot of dictionaries now have the pronunciation where you can click a button to hear it.
Forvo is one. Forvo.com. You can search anywhere and you can find how to pronounce it.
Forvo. That’s my suggestion. I would also then conjugate through the sentences.
So, if you have a sentence that’s like, “I might go to the beach”. I might go to the beach. I’d say it well enunciated first. I might go to the beach.
So, I pronounce all the words well.
And then, I might say, “I might go to the beach”, like, I’ll link the words. I might go to the beach.
I might go to the beach. I might go to the beach. That takes practice.
But you’ll get the feeling in your mouth of what’s easy, how it flows. I do this in Spanish, Portuguese, and French.
One thing to mention here is you might get things wrong. You might get habits that aren’t perfect.
But, you’re going to be able to speak fluidly and more confidently, and say what you’re trying to say with people when you go and see them.
So that’s… it’s a long-winded answer, but that’s how I would practice speaking on my own and build confidence.
It’s like doing push ups to get stronger, right. You know, sometimes… I might be a weightlifter.
When I compete that’s when it matters.
But when I’m not competing I still need to practice on my own like crazy to build up that muscle memory and the muscle strength.
It’s the same for your mouth. It’s the same for your brain.
Do it as much as you can on your own. Practice as much as you can.
And then, when you do it in person with someone else it’s just going to flow out.
And then look for the mistakes.
If there are errors, if there are mispronunciations, write them down, go home.
Repeat, repeat, repeat, repeat. So. I hope that helps, mate.
Hey guys. Thanks for watching the video.
Remember, if you want to support the channel financially you can do so via my Patreon page, which is linked in the description below.
If you can’t afford to support the channel financially you can still help by spreading the word and sharing the videos.
Thanks so much guys. Stay awesome. All the best.
Not a Member yet?
Get bonus exercises when you upgrade to the premium transcripts
Want to support the podcast?
Click the image below to become a supporter on Patreon today!
Success! Now check your email to confirm your subscription.Post Views: 2,052